Milady's Standard Professional Barbering Chapter 4 Microbiology
Terms in this set (72)
One-celled microorganisms that exist almost everywhere: on the skin and water air indicate matter and in bodily secretions
The science that deals with the study of microorganisms called bacteria
The branch of science that studies living organisms known as microbes or microorganisms, that are too small to be seen with the naked eye
Non-pathogenic and pathogenic
What are the two general types of bacteria?
The bacteria that makes up the majority of bacteria that are beneficial, symbiotic, or harmless microorganisms that perform useful functions such as improving the fertility of the soil.
A type of non-pathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter and do not produce disease
Also known as germs
Although the minority, are harmful and can cause considerable damage by invading plant or human tissues
Cocci, bacilli or spirilla
What are the three classifications of pathogenic bacteria?
Round shaped organisms that appear singly or in the following groups; staphylococci, streptococci, Diplococci
Bacteria that is pus forming organisms that grow in bunches or clusters
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
Bacteria that has pus forming organisms that grow in chains and cause infections such as strep throat tonsillitis or they're long and throat diseases and blood poisoning
Bacteria that grows in pairs and cause pneumonia and gonorrhea
Short, Rod shaped organisms that are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus typhoid fever tuberculosis and diphtheria
Curved or corkscrew-shaped organisms that are subdivided into several groups and include pathogenic bacteria such as treponema pallidum, a sexually transmitted organism that causes syphilis or Borrelia Bergdorferi
Commonly called staph and are carried by approximately one-third of the population
Bacilli and spirilla are both motile and use hairlike projections known as_______________.
AKA vegetative stage
AKA active stage
Active or vegetative
The stage that bacteria grow and reproduce
When cells divide through a method called binary fission into two new cells
Phase where bacteria do not grow or reproduce
Spore forming bacteria
May survive the inactive stage by forming spherical (round) spores that have tough outer coverings to withstand periods of famine dryness or unsuitable temperatures
Occurs if the body is unable to cope with the bacteria in their harmful toxins
A fluid that contains white blood cells dead and living bacteria, waste matter tissue elements, and body cells
Indicated by a lesion containing pus and usually appears in a particular area of the body
Results when the blood stream carries bacteria and their toxins to all parts of the body, as in blood poisoning or syphilis
Among the most common pus forming human bacteria and are carried by approximately one-third of the population
When a disease spread from one person to another by contact
Also known as contagious
When a disease simultaneously attacks a large number of people living in a particular area or locality
Disease producing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in blood or body fluids
Bacteria or viruses such as hepatitis and HIV are examples of________________.
The Poisoned State caused by the absorption of pathogenic microorganisms and their products into the bloodstream
Free of disease germs
Symptoms such as itching, burning, or pain, can be felt only by the person with the disease
Symptoms such as pimples, boils, swelling, or information, can be observed by anyone
A submicroscopic structure so small that it can pass through a porcelain filter that are capable of causing infection
Viruses are ____________ to antibiotics in a hard to kill without harming the body in the process.
A disease marked by inflammation of the liver and is present in all body fluids
Human immunodeficiency virus
What does HIV stand for?
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
What does AIDS stand for?
What is it called when the virus uses the reproductive process of the host cell to duplicate itself?
Stage 1 of the HIV infection
This stage of HIV infection has no physical indications of illness illness; antibodies to the virus may be present
A disease having a rapid onset, severe symptoms, and a short course or duration
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
A disease of long duration, usually mild but recurring
Disease that exists at Birth
Disease that is communicable or transmitted by contact
Any condition or disease that makes an indicated treatment or medication inadvisable
The determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms
Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, Oregon, or mind that makes it incapable of caring on normal function
Study of the causes of disease and their mode of operation
A disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms or viruses that are easily spread
A condition of some part of the body as a protective response to injury, irritation comment or infection, characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling
An illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, so just coming in contact with certain chemicals or tints
A disease caused by vegetable or animal parasites, such as pediculosis and ringworm
A disease produced by disease-causing bacteria, such as staphylococcus and streptococcus or viruses
The science that investigates modifications of the functions and changes in the structure caused by disease
Foretelling of probable course of a disease
Disease influenced by the weather
Disease that affects the body generally, often do to under or over functioning of the internal glands
Contagious disease commonly acquired by contact with an infected person during sexual intercourse, characterized by sores and rashes of the skin
Plant or animal organisms that live on another living organism, drawing their nourishment from the host organism without giving anything in return
Also responsible for contagious diseases and conditions such as its mites
It's mites can Burrow under the skin causing itching inflammation and is the contagious disorder known as_______________.
Technical term for an infestation caused by the head or body louse such as head lice
The ability of the body to resist Invasion by bacteria
The natural resistance to disease that is partially inherited and partially developed through hygienic living
Developed after the body has overcome a disease or through inoculations such as vaccinations
Human disease carrier
A person who is immune to a disease, the Harbor's germs that can infect other people