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Ch 7 Launching a New Nation sec 3 & 4 summary notes
Terms in this set (26)
_________________increased tensions between France and Britain.
The French Revolution
Many Americans__________the French Revolution, but others opposed it. France and Great Britain finally went to war.
George Washington stated U.S. neutrality toward the war in the _____________.
A French representative asked American sailors to command _________ to aid France in fighting England.
Washington said that this violated U.S. neutrality. ____________ thought the United States should support France and resented interference in his role as secretary of state. He resigned in 1793.
Washington wanted to stop a war between the United States and Britain. The two sides signed ___________. Britain would pay damages on seized American ships.
Spain and the United States disputed the border of Florida. ___________settled that issue and reopened New Orleans to American ships.
Americans continued to settle the territory despite protests of American Indians. U.S. forces lost a battle to ______________. But General Anthony Wayne commanded U.S. troops in gaining the territory at last.
Miami chief Little Turtle
The American Indians were defeated in the Battle of ______________.
In March 1791 Congress passed a tax on Americanmade whiskey. The ____________broke out. Washington personally led the army against the rebels in western Pennsylvania, but they fled. The revolt ended with no battle.
Washington declined to run for a third term. He had tired of public life, and considered the American people the nation's leaders. In his farewell speech, he warned about _________________. (list 4 things)
the dangers of foreign ties and political conflicts at home. He also cautioned against too much debt; he also cautioned against party rivalry in his farewell, but rivalry dominated the 1796 election.
At the conclusion of his speech, Washington stated that he looked forward to a life ____________________.
"of good laws under a free government. . ."
In the election of 1796, more than one candidate ran for president. ___________ had started during Washington's presidency.
Alexander Hamilton was key in founding the ___________.
___________________were the Federalist candidates.
John Adams and Thomas Pinckney; Business people in cities tended to support
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison helped found the ________________.
Democratic-Republican Party selected ________________ as its candidates. Both sides attacked each other.
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr; Farmers generally favored Jefferson.
Who was the second president? And who was vice president?
Adams won; Jefferson was second; He and Jefferson then had to serve as president and vice president.
____________made improving the relationship between the United States and France a high priority. France was unhappy when the United States refused to let its citizens join in the war against Britain.
Adams sent __________ to repair that problem and make a treaty to guard U.S. shipping. The French foreign minister refused to meet with them.
Three French agents said that the minister would discuss a treaty only if America paid a $250,000 bribe and gave a $12 million loan. The American public became furious about the_______. Still, Adams did not declare war on France. This angered many other Federalists. At last the United States and France did negotiate a peace treaty.
The Alien and Sedition Acts, passed by _____________, became law in 1798.
Federalists in Congress
The_________empowered the president to remove foreign residents he decided were involved in any treasonable or secret plots against the government.
The__________ forbid U.S. residents to "write, print, utter, or publish" false or critical words against the government
The ______________ stated that the acts were unconstitutional. Jefferson and James Madison said that the states could disobey unconstitutional federal laws. Congress did not repeal the acts, though they were not renewed.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
The ____________________ presented the view that states could dispute the federal government. Later politicians would say this idea meant that the states could declare laws or actions of the federal government to be illegal.
Kentucky and Virginia resolutions
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 7 Launching the Nation Summary
Chapter 5 Forming a Government Sec 1
American History Ch 13 Voc
American History Preamble
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