AP Lang Terms
Terms in this set (58)
Similar to symbolism,____________ is a complete narrative which involves characters, and events that stand for an abstract idea.
Derived from the Latin word "Latira," meaning the letters of the alphabet. It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur together in a series.
brief and indirect reference to a person, place or thing which holds historical context.
a word or phrase that has more than one interpretable meanings.
A similarity or comparison of two different things, or of the relationship between them.
The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of multiple lines, clauses, or sentences.
A short story or retelling of an experience that takes place within a piece of writing
An earlier clause, phrase, or word to which a pronoun, other word, or noun refers back to.
When two opposite ideas, phrases or sentences appear next to one another in a parallel structure. There is a very definite and systematic relationship between these ideas.
A brief expression of known authorship which portrays a truth or moral principle. (Can be a summary of the author's point. Can also be witty and have a bit of humor.)
a figure of speech addressing an imaginary person or a personified concept (like love.) The effect of the ________________ can portray intense emotion.
conjunctions between words are eliminated in order to portray emotion, to emphasize words and to speed up the pace of the reader.
A figure of speech in which two successive phrases or clauses are parallel in syntax, but reverse the order of the analogous words
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb
The use of slang information in speech or writing.
The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word
The strict literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
Relates to style, directly shows the author's word choice
Intended for instruction or to teach something (usually associated with moral values)
To mention a subject in parts or details, (in a list)
A noun, meaning a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept, may be sued to adhere to standards of social or political correctness or to add humor or ironic understatement
Ex: Saying "earthly remains" instead of "corpse"
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout the work
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
The major category into which a literary work fits
Literally means "sermon"
Rhetorical question asked, answer given
Sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
Terms related to five senses
Draw a reasonable conclusion from the info read
verbal, situational, dramatic
When two things are put close together for comparison
When an writer gets their point through to the audience by saying its opposite
When a writer begins with his/her main idea then follows it with supporting details
When a writer compares 2 unlike things or substituting one for the other to express their similarity without using like or as
A figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox
a statement that appears to be self contradictory or opposed to common sense; upon closer inspection, some degree of truth or validity is often revealed
grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity
a work that closely imitates the style or context of another with the aim of comic effect and/or ridicule
adjective describing words, phrases, or general tone that is scholarly, academic, or bookish
a sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end
figurative language used to describe or present an inanimate object, idea, animal, etc. with human qualities or emotions; the author makes these things more vivid in their writing
a way of adding persistence/ intensity to writing through the addition and emphasis with a series of conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so); deliberate and excessive use in successive words or clauses
a genre that refers to fiction and nonfiction of any form; the printer determines the length of lines (different from poetry)
similar to hypophora but the question is not answered by the writer; the answer is assumed to be understood by the reader; used for emphasis or for making a conclusion from the facts at hand
from the Greek meaning "to tear flesh"; includes bitter language that is meant to insult someone/ something; irony may also be used; should be witty and insightful
a work that uses humor to ridicule human vices and foolishness
branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, including their development, connotation, and relationship to one another
how the author blends literary devices such as blending diction, syntax, and figurative language; makes it easy to differentiate one author's work from another
presents 2 premises, the first premise is major and the second is minor
anything that represents itself and stands for something else
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A sentence or group of sentences that directly expressed the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or position
Describes the author's attitude toward his material and/or audience
A word or phrase that links different ideas
Ironic minimizing of fact
Intellectually amazing language that surprises and delights