Chapter 2 Terms and People
Terms in this set (45)
Leader in the English movement to settle North America. Led the 2nd Roanoke expedition in 1587.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Cousin of Walter Raleigh, soldier, member of Parliament, and early American explorer - granted a patent by Elizabeth I and tried to settle Newfoundland in 1583 (lost at sea)
Sir Walter Raleigh
Early American explorer, granted a patent by Elizabeth I and tried to settle the Lost Colony of Roanoke in 1585
Sight of the Lost Colony of Roanoke off the NC Coast
Native American group on Roanoke Island, this word was discovered by sailors to be carved into a tree on the island
In the 1500s and 1600s, process of wealthy landowners fencing off smaller farms so that they could raise sheep; smaller farmers evicted from their land also. One of the push factors to go to the New World.
The idea that the all inheritance was left to the first born son. Another push factor to go to the New World.
A joint stock company whose shareholders included many members of Parliament, funded the 1607 settlement of Jamestown
-really, they wanted to find gold and make a profit!
A type of colony where one ruler owned all the land and it was up to him to divide and govern it.
A type of colony that was ruled indirectly by the English Monarch through an appointed governor.
A document that legally created a colony.
A company invested in by several shareholders. This reduced risk and made it cheaper for each individual.
A system of giving land to individuals who could pay their own way across the atlantic, or pay for others' journey, with the idea that they would help to populate the colony.
Helped get Jamestown back "on its feet" - iron rule, forcing people to work
The "Starving Time"
Refers to the winter of 1609/10 where 3/4 of the Virginia population died of starvation or related conditions, like disease
Territory explored, colonized, and ruled by France from 1608 to 1763.
-Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec in 1608
-Fur trade with the Indians
Edict of Nantes
1598 - Temporarily ended the conflict in France between the protestants (Mostly calvinists) and the catholics.
House of Burgesses
First elected assembly of colonial America - convened in 1619 in VA
Led the Uprising of 1622 in VA - brother of Powhatan
Native American leader in Virginia who captured and threatened to kill John Smith
Daughter of Powhatan, rescued John Smith from her father, helped connect the settlers of Jamestown with Powhatan's tribe by marrying a colonist (John Rolfe), converted to Christianity, went back to England with Rolfe in 1616
Uprising of 1622
Led by Opechancanough, the Native Americans surprise attacked and killed 1/3 of Jamestown settlers including women and children. Rebellion squashed by the settlers.
Group of Protestants that wished to reform the church of England and separate it more from catholicism. Came about in England at the end of the 1500s.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
English colony founded by the Puritans in 1630
-Mass. Bay Company had a charter
-General Court - elected (by freemen) ruling body
-church and state closely related
Group of English Protestants separatists that wished to escape the corruption of the Church of England
-helped by the Indian, Squanto
-first Thanksgiving: 1621
English Colony founded by the Pilgrims in 1620 (became part of Mass. Bay colony in 1691)
First written frame of gov. in the U.S, "equal and just laws" written by the men who came over on the Mayflower.
Puritan Dissenter, supporter of religious freedom and the separation of church and state - founded Rhode Island in 1636 (banished from Mass.)
Puritan religious Dissenter leader in Mass. Bay Colony - challenged religious leadership
Puritan minister, Mass. Bay Dissenter, founded Hartford in 1636 (modeled like Mass, but did not have to be Church members to vote)
-1662: New Haven and Connecticut received a charter that united them as a colony
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)
Constitution of Connecticut-one of the first written constitutions
Puritan, had a major role in founding Mass. Bay Colony
War between Pequot tribe and a group of colonies including Mass. Bay and Connecticut in 1637 - Pequots killed a fur trader, colonists won by setting Indian Mystic village on fire.
Pilgrim that helped found Plymouth.
Jamestown colonist. Husband of Pocahontas.
English noble who became proprietor of Maryland with the 1632 Maryland Charter
Toleration Act of 1649
Act in Maryland granting religious freedom to all Christians (not Jews or Atheists)
Dutch West India Company
Chartered Company of Dutch Merchants. Given monopoly over West Indies, and helped to control the slave trade, brazil, and the caribbean. Awarded a monopoly of Dutch trade with America, settled colonists on Manhattan Island
Dutch Colony in on the east coast established by Henry Hudson in 1609. Created to explore north american fur trade.
Last governor of New Netherlands
Dutch, helped organize the purchase of the island that is modern day manhattan from the native americans. Island became New Amsterdam and then New York.
English political and military leader. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, which was mostly ruled by Parliament, but NOT democracy (1649-58)
English Civil War
1640s: War between Roundheads (Parliament) and Royalists/Cavaliers (King). Parliament won and ended the "Divine Right of Kings"
Charles I (1625-49)
King of England from 1625-1649. Lost English Civil War and was executed in 1649.
Charles II (1660-1685)
Son of Charles I. Fled to Europe because of Cromwell. Returned to be king after Cromwell's death in 1658.