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Chapter 12 Quiz

STUDY
PLAY
The fusion of two gametes produces a...
a. zygote
b. chromatid
c. schizont
d. centromere
e. merozoite
a. zygote
Replication of the DNA occurs during?
a. prophase
b. metaphase
c. telophase
d. anaphase
e. interphase
e. interphase
Sister chromatids separate and move towards the poles of the cell during _____ of mitosis?
a. interphase
b. anaphase
c. prophase
d. telophase
e. metaphase
b. anaphase
The aligned pair of homologous chromosomes is called a...
a. spindle
b. chromatid
c. tetrad
d. coenocyte
e. gamete
C. tetrad
Which of the following pairs is mismatched
a. plants: usually diploid
b. fungi: usually diploid
c. animals: usually diploid
d. protozoa: usually diploid
e. algae: usually haploid
b. fungi: usually diploid
Sister chromatids separate during the _____meiosis?
a. anaphase I
b. prophase II
c. metaphase II
d. anaphase II
e. telophase I
d. anaphase II
Which of the following statements regarding meiosis is most accurate?
a. homologous (non sister) chromatids separate during anaphase II
b. diploid cells produce haploid daughter cells
c. haploid cells produce diploid cells
d. meiosis has the same number of stages and mitosis
e. crossing over occurs during metaphase I
b. diploid cells produce haploid daughter cells
Merozoites are a result of?
a. meiosis
b. schizogony
c. mitosis
d. crossing over
e. conjugation
b. schizogony
Which of the following pairs is mismatched
a. entamoeba: pseudopodia
b. euglena: flagellum
c. plasmodium: merozoites
d. paramecium: two nuclei
e. toxoplasma: cilia
e. toxoplasma: cilia
Which of the following is a protozoan stage that allows for transmission of intestinal parasites from one host to another?
a. cyst
b. kinetoplast
c. schizont
d. foraminifera
e. merozoite
a. cyst
Candida albicans invades human tissues by use of?
a. pseudohyphae
b. hyphae
c. thalli
d. mycelia
e. coenocytes
a. pseudohyphae
The _____ is the entire interwoven mass of one multicellular fungai organism?
a. psudoplamodium
b. conidiophore
c. mycelium
d. sporangium
e. hyphae
c. mycelium
Which of the following is classified among the Alveolates?
a. Foraminifera
b. Paramecium and Foraminifera
c. Plasmodium
d. Paramecium
e. Paramecium and Plasmodium
e. Paramecium and Plasmodium
Which of the following types of protozoa are bioluminescent?
a. ciliates
b. dinoflagellates
c. kinetoplastids
d. apicomplexans
e. amoebae
b. dinoflagellates
Plankton is composed of which of the following types of eukaryotic microbes?
a. algae
b. protozoa
c. fungi
d. both algae and protozoa
e. both fungi and algae
d. both algae and protozoa
Conjugation is a reproductive process associated with which of the following types of protozoa?
a. ciliates
b. amoebae
c. dinoflagellates
d. parabasalids
e. kinetoplastids
a. ciliates
Which of the following types of protozoa contributes to limestone formation in their fossilized state?
a. forminiferans
b. diplomonads
c. amoebae
d. euglenozoa
e. ciliates
a. forminiferans
The asexual spores of molds are classified according to their?
a. size
b. number of chromosomes
c. type of metabolism
d. shapes
e. mode of development
d. mode of development
Which of the following is a cell type associated with sexual reproduction in fungi?
a. dikaryon
b. mycorrhiza
c. pneumocyst
d. sporangiospore
e. haustoria
a. dikaryon
The first eukaryote to have its entire genome sequenced was the fungus
a. Cryptococcus
b. Neurospora
c. Saccharomyces
d. Candida albicans
e. Rhizopus
c. Saccharomyces
Parasitology is the study of
a. helminths
b. fungi
c. algae
d. protozoa
e. both helminths and protozoa
e. both helminths and protozoa
Which of the following is a dinoflagellate whose toxin causes possible estuary-associated syndrome (PEAS)
a. Gymnodinium
b. Balantidum
c. Toxoplasma
d. Gonyaulax
e. Pfiesteria
e. Pfiesteria
The large seaweed known as kelp is classified as a member of the
a. Chrysophyta
b. Phaeophyta
c. Rhodophyta
d. Chlorophyta
e. Deuteromycete
b. Phaeophyta
Hyphae are associated with which of the following?
a. yeasts
b. protozoa
c. molds
d. algae
e. helminths
c. molds
Most of the fungi that spoil food belong to the division
a. Basidiomycota
b. Rhodophyta
c. Deutromycetes
d. Ascomycota
e. Zygomycota
d. Ascomycota
Lichens are composed of a symbiosis of fungi and which of the following?
a. cyanobacteria
b. euglenoids
c. green algae
d. cyanobacteria or green algae
e. euglenoids or dinoflagellates
d. cyanobacteria or green algae
A plasmodium is a coenocytic structure associated with
a. slime molds
b. yeast
c. amoebae
d. water molds
e. green algae
a. slime molds
The division Basidiomycota includes which of the following types of fungi?
a. truffles
b. mushrooms
c. baker's yeast
d. bread mold
e. ringworm
b. mushrooms
The roots of vascular plants form associations with fungi called _______, which allow them to absorb water and dissolved minerals from the soil?
a. thalli
b. mycoses
c. mycorrhizae
d. lichens
e. hyphae
c. mycorrhizae
Which of the following protozoan genera helps termites digest wood?
a. Trichonympha
b. Naegleria
c. Trichomonas
d. Pfiesteria
e. Nosema
a. Trichonympha
In a cell that has a diploid number of 8 chromosomes, how many chromatids will be present at the beginning of mitosis?
a. 8
b. 4
c. 16
d. 32
e. 2
c. 16
Which of the following is composed of microtubules?
a. coenocyte
b. tetrad
c. spindle
d. zygote
e. chromatid
c. spindle
Which of the following would be virtually indistinguishable under the microscope?
a. early metaphase and early anaphase
b. early prophase and early metaphase
c. late metaphase and early telophase
d. late anaphase and early telophase
e. early anaphase and late anaphase
d. late anaphase and early telophase
When mitosis occurs without cytokinesis, which of the following is produced?
a. merozoites
b. chromatids
c. cysts
d. macronuclei
e. coenocytes
E. coenocytes
______ is the stage of mitosis in which chromatids move toward opposite poles?
a. anaphase
b. telophase
c. metaphase
d. prophase
e. interphase
A. anaphase
The nuclear membrane disintegrates during _____ of mitosis.
a. cytokinesis
b. prophase
c. anaphase
d. metaphase
e. telophase
b. prophase
The chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell during
a. telophase
b. prophase II
c. metaphase
d. anaphase
e. prophase
c. metaphase
The process of cytokinesis may occur during
a. prophase
b. metaphase
c. interphase
d. telophase
e. anaphase
d. telophase
During mitotic _____, the spindle forms.
a. metaphase
b. interphase
c. anaphase
d. telophase
e. prophase
e. prophase
Organisms known as diatoms are classified with the
a. algae
b. helminths
c. water molds
d. protozoa
e. fungi
a. algae
The _____ include organisms classified as Deuteromycetes
a. algae
b. fungi
c. water molds
d. protozoa
e.arachnids
B. fungi
Single-celled organisms called ciliates are
a. insects
b. protozoa
c. algae
d. water molds
e. fungi
b. protozoa
Ascomycetes are members of the
a. algae
b. protozoa
c. helminths
d. fungi
e. arachnids
d. fungi
The kelps are classified as
a. algae
b. fungi
c. arachnids
d. protozoa
e. water molds
a. algae
Fungi reproduce only asexually
False
Haploid genomes contain two sets of chromosomes
False
Protozoa are eukaryotic organisms that lack a cell wall and can be unicellular or multicellular
False
In fungi, aseptate hyphae are coenocytic by definition
True
Diseases of animals caused by fungi are called mycoses
True
Myxamoebae act like protozoan amoebae only in the absence of water
True
Algae can have different types of photosynthetic pigments that allow them to photosynthesize at various depths in water
True
Ciliates often have two kinds of nuclei that have different functions
True
Unlike the term fungi, the terms algae and protozoa are not accepted taxa.
True
Current classification of the algae is based on morphologic characteristics.
False