91 terms

TEAS (additional info by SAM, credit to lauram4aded)

vocab
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

absolute value
distance between a number and zero on the number line, it is always positive... Think of it as the number of numbers in between the chosen number and 0

... that might have made it more confusing

if you subtract its still always positive:
[8-3]= [5]= AV 5
[3-8]= [-5]= AV 5
acid
any compound with a hydrogen ion activity greater than water. ph less then 7
acidic solutions
solutions that have a Ph scale value less than 7
active verb
verb that shows an action performed by the subject of the sentence
active voice
state of a sentence that contain an active verb
adaptation
increase from generation to generation of alleles of genes that allows a species to survive in their environment
addition principle
rule that makes it possible to move terms from one side of an equation to the other by adding opposites to each expression
adenosine triphosphate ATP
cellular fule, produced by the mitochondria
adjective
descriptive word that modifies nouns or pronouns
adverbs
word modifying a verb, adjective or other adverb indicating when how where why or how much
alkane
hydrocarbon with single bonds C2H2n +2
alkene
hydrocarbon with double bond C2H2n
alkyne
hydrocarbon with trible bond C2H2n-2
alleles
two or more different forms of a certain gene
alveoli
structure in the lungs that permits the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to occur
amino acid
building blocks of proteins
anatomical position
a standard position in which the body is facing forward, palms facing forward, feet parallel
anatomy
study of the structure of various organs and body systems
anion
atom or molecule with a negative charge
antecedent
noun that a pronoun refers back to , replaces
antibody
protein produced by a b cell in response to an antigen
arabic numerals
written numbers that use a combination of the whole numbers 0 through 9
arteries
blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart to the capillaries
article
word that is used to limit a noun either indefinite, a an, or definite- the
atom
smallest part of an element that still retains all the original properties of the element
atomic mass
number of protons and neutrons within the nucleus of an atom, the average mass of all of the known isotopes of an element
atomic number
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, the number of protons that defines a specific atom
attributive tag
part of a sentence that indicates who said a direct quote
autonomic nervous system
branch of the peripheral nervous system that controls autonomic functions like heartbeat and digestion
autotroph
organism that can produce its own food
axon
part of the nerve cell that carries impulses away from the cell body and connects one neuron with another neuron over a synapse
b cell
type of lymphocyte that produces antibodies in response to antigens responsible for hum oral immunity
base
any compound with a hydrogen ion activity less than water, ph greater then7
basic solutions
solutions that have a ph scale value greater than 7
binomial
polynomial that has two terms
binomial nomenclature
two word naming system that includes the universally accepted genus and species of each organism
bronchial tubes
small respiratory passages that connect the trachea to the lungs
capillaries
tiny blood vessels that transport blood between arteries and veins within the body
catalyst
substance that controls the rate of chemical reaction
cation/anion
atom or molecule with a positive charge/ anion negative charge
cause-effect texts structure
first presents an action, then describes the effects that results in an action
cell
basic unit of all life
cell wall
outisde rigid layer that helps separate the inside and outside of both prokaryotic and plant cells
cellular respiration
process in which glucose is used to produce adenosine triphosphate ATP
celcius
metric temperature scale defined by the melting point of ice 0 and boiling point of water 100
central nervous system
the branch of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord
centrosome
microtubule organizing centre that helps to form and organise the mitotic spindle during mitosis
charge
positive or negative distribution within an element
charles darwin
explained adaptation and natural selection
chemical bonding
chemical attraction of atoms due to their electron arrangement
chemotaxis
release of chemicals by damaged cells that attract white blood cells
chlorophyll/chloroplast
green pigment in plants/organelle that contains chlorophyll and is found in plants, used to carry out photosynthesis
chromatid
one of a pair of newly duplicated chromosomes that are still attached to one another, a pair of matching sister chromatids make up the duplicated chromosome
chromosomes
condensed single very ong strands of dna double heliz located i the nucleus of a cell containing hundreds of genes
chyme
micture of food, chemical, and enzymes in the stomach
cilia
tiny hair in the bronchial tubes that keep the airway clear by removing unwanted matter from the lungs
cumulative sentence
...
circulatory system
transportation highway for the body also known as the cardiovascular system
codon
group of three nucleotides on RNA or DNA that encodes for a single specific amino acid.
complex sentence
contains both an independent clause and a dependent clause , clause which is a group of words that are related and contain both a subject and a properly conjugated verb
compound sentence
two or more independent clauses joined together with a coordinating conjunction
connective tissue
bones /cartilage/adipose tissues/blood vessels
coordinating conjunctions
7 known in the english language- words that join other ideas, for and nor but or yet and so FANBOYS
covalent
sharing of electrons between atoms
crude birth/death rate
number of childbirths or deathes per 1000 people per year
cristae
series of folds formed by the inner membrane of a mitochodrion
crytalline order
atoms arranged in a highly ordered state
cumulative sentence
independent clause followed by a string of modifiers
cytokines
chemical messengers that are released by damaged tissues
cytokinesis
division and separation of the cytoplasm from one cell into two new cells . happens in the late anaphase and completes in telophase
cytoplasm
rich protein fluid with gel like consistency that houses organelles
dentrites
branched extensions of the neuron that receive impulses from other neurons and stimuli
density
ratio of mass per volume for a substance
diapedesis
process of white blood cells squeezing through the capillary slits in response to cytokines
diatomic molecule
molecules consisting of two atoms
diploid cells
containing two sets of chromosome
divident
quantitiy to be divided
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid- a molecule that exists as a double stranded helix made from sugars phosphates and nitrogenous bases
dorsal body cavity
contains the cranial cavity and spinal column
duodenum
first section of the small intestine
effectors
glands and muscles that are innervated and extend away from the spinal cord
electrolysis
use of electric current ot drive the breakdown of a molecule
electronegativity
ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself
electrons
negatively charged subatomic particles found in various orbits around the nucleus
element
substance that cannot be decomposed by ordinary chemical means, number of protons in the nucleus
ellipsis
punctuation mark...
endocrine system
controls body functions, glands in this system secrete hormones that travel through the blood to organs throughout the body to regulate processes such aa growth and metabolism
endoplasmic reticulum
tubular transport network with the cell that appears as a stack of flattened membranous sacs
enzyme
protein catalyst- breaks down proteins carbs and fats into nutrients that can be absorbed through the wall of the intestine into the bloodstream
epithelial tissues
provides covering , such as skin, or produces secretions, does not have its own blood supply
etymology
history of a given word, words orignin
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE