5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hatch Act, 1939
- National Environment Policy Act, 1969
- Equal Pay Act of 1963
- Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798
- Civil Rights Act of 1871
- a Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
- b Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.
- c Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
- d Requires an Environmental Impact Statement be produced before a major government project is undertaken.
- e Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Requires president to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostile situation; if Congress does not approve the action within 60 days, the troops must be brought home within an additional 30 days. Passed over President Nixon's veto in 1973; every president since then has regarded it as unconstitutional. Can be seen as an attempt on the part of Congress to take back some of its power to determine when to go to war (as it says in the Constitution), but it has been a failed attempt; in actuality, it codifies that the president can send troops for 48 hours without Congress's permission.
- Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states which had a history of voting discrimination. Black registration rates increased dramatically in the years following passage.
- Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.
- Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
- Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
5 True/False questions
Civil Rights Act of 1957 → Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
Clean Air Act, 1970 → Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.
Higher Education Act of 1972 (Title IX) → Commonly known just as Title IX, this law prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities at any institution receiving federal funds. Most commonly known for its effect on athletics, but it prohibits all types of gender discrimination in education.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 → Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
Judiciary Act of 1789 → Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)