5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Civil Rights Act of 1871
- Budget reform and Impoundment Act, 1974
- Administrative Procedure Act, 1946
- Endangered species Act, 1973
- Freedom of Information Act, 1966
- a Requires both houses of Congress to approve president's decision not to spend funds as appropriated (rescission); also unifies congressional budget process with goal of restraining spending.
- b This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
- c Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
- d Established procedures for federal agencies to issue regulations (public notice, public comment period, public hearings).
- e Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
- Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
- Requires president to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostile situation; if Congress does not approve the action within 60 days, the troops must be brought home within an additional 30 days. Passed over President Nixon's veto in 1973; every president since then has regarded it as unconstitutional. Can be seen as an attempt on the part of Congress to take back some of its power to determine when to go to war (as it says in the Constitution), but it has been a failed attempt; in actuality, it codifies that the president can send troops for 48 hours without Congress's permission.
- Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.
- Created Social Security System still in use today, which provides old age benefits for retirees, disability, and survivor benefits for spouses and children. Also created Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), which was the welfare system until 1996, and unemployment insurance.
5 True/False questions
Higher Education Act of 1972 (Title IX) → Commonly known just as Title IX, this law prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities at any institution receiving federal funds. Most commonly known for its effect on athletics, but it prohibits all types of gender discrimination in education.
Civil Rights Act of 1957 → Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations (any business open to the public). Supreme Court upheld law under the Commerce Clause.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 → Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 → Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.
Hatch Act, 1939 → Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.