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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Civil Rights Act of 1957
  2. Higher Education Act of 1972 (Title IX)
  3. Civil Rights Act of 1871
  4. Medicare Act of 1965
  5. Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798
  1. a Main purpose was to protect southern blacks from the Ku Klux Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the South.
  2. b Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
  3. c Commonly known just as Title IX, this law prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities at any institution receiving federal funds. Most commonly known for its effect on athletics, but it prohibits all types of gender discrimination in education.
  4. d Aim was to increase number of blacks who were allowed to vote in southern states; enforcement was so weak that it was ineffective.
  5. e Authorized the president to imprison (or deport) any alien from an enemy nation (one the United States was fighting), or any alien considered dangerous; made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials. No aliens were actually deported, and only 10 people were convicted of sedition; they were all pardoned by Jefferson when he became president in 1801.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Designated order of succession should a president die in office or resign; after Vice President, the order is: Speaker of the House; President Pro Tem of the Senate; Secretary of State; followed by all other cabinet secretaries in the order in which their departments were created.
  2. Provides a system for the public to obtain government records, as long as they do not invade individuals' privacy, reveal trade secrets, or endanger military security.
  3. Act establishing basic structure of federal courts still in use today; necessitated by vagueness of Article III (only court specified is Supreme Court)
  4. Set up Civil Service Commission to fill government jobs based on merit rather than patronage.
  5. Established procedures for federal agencies to issue regulations (public notice, public comment period, public hearings).

5 True/False questions

  1. Clean Air Act, 1970Main provision was to prohibit civil service employees from engaging in political activities. They may not: use official authority or influence to interfere with an election; solicit or discourage political activity of anyone with business before their agency; solicit or receive political; be candidates for public office in partisan elections; engage in political activity while on duty; in a government office; wearing an official uniform; using a government vehicle; also may not wear partisan political buttons on duty.

          

  2. Equal Pay Act of 1963Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.

          

  3. Budget reform and Impoundment Act, 1974This law is designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction due to "the consequences of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."

          

  4. Endangered species Act, 1973Established new standards for ambient air quality, set new limits on emissions from stationary and mobile sources to be enforced by both state and federal governments, and increased funds for air pollution research; soon discovered that the deadlines set were overly ambitious (especially those for auto emissions). Deadlines were extended and revised over the next 10 years.

          

  5. Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968Civil Rights Act of 1968 Title VIII is technical name of this legislation. Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and advertising of housing.