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42 terms

Elements of Literature

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
Events that make up a story
Exposition
Intro material which provides the opening parts/conditions of the story, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story
Exciting force
Event that trigger a conflict
Rising Action
Series of events that lead to the climax
Climax
The highest point of the story (has the most emotion and the most interesting)
Falling Action
Series of events that lead to the result
Resolution
The final unraveling of the plot, the final solution of the mystery.
Flat character
is one-sided and often stereotypical
Round character
one, who like a real person, has many different character traits, sometimes contradictory
Direction characterization
A characters qualities are fully state and by the author
Indirect characterization
reveals or describes characters and their personalities inferred from the text
Protagonist
the main character in a story
Antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
Dramatic Foil
character who is used as a contrast to another character
First person narrator
character in the story who tells the tale from his/her point of view
Third person objective
the narrator is not a character in the story and reports only what can be seen or heard
Third person limited
narrator sees the world through only one characters eyes and thoughts.
Omniscient
all-knowing
Conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
Foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
Tone
the writer's attitude towards story events
Mood
The feeling evoked by the story by the writer's setting
Theme
The author's ideas about people in a story, novel, or poem
Symbolism
An object or character that has its own meaning but means something else
Imagery
The use of words to evoke the 5 senses
Allusion
A reference to a famous person or event in history
Onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
Pun
A humorous play on words
Alliteration
the repetition of the same beginning sound
Assonance
the repetition of a vowel sound (beginning)
Hyperbole
an exaggeration
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
Anachronism
something out of place in time
Oxymoron
putting two contradictory words together
Personification
Giving an inanimate object human characteristics
Cliche
a word or phrase that is overused
Idiom
Words or phrases particular to a group of people
Dialect
The typical speech of a region or group
Synecdoche
using a part of something to represent the whole thing
Antithesis
an exact opposite; an opposite extreme