CNA Practice Exam
100 questions for CNA practice exam
Terms in this set (100)
What is one important reason why the bed should remain wrinkle-free?
to help keep the skin healthy and prevent pressure sores
What is the term for a device that replaces a missing body pat?
To convert four ounces of water to milliters (ml or mL), the nurse assistant should multiply four by:
Which of the following healthcare settings is for people who will die in six months?
Which of the following abbreviations means "nothing by mouth"?
Exercises that put each joint through its full arc of motion are called:
range of motion
What is the medical term for high blood pressure?
What is a task that is outside the scope of practice for an NA?
inserting tubes into a resident's body
Standard Precautions should be practiced
on every single person in your care
Which kind of care helps restore a resident to the highest level of functioning possible?
If an activity is not listed on the care plan, what is the responsibility of a NA?
The NA should not perform the activity if it is not listed on the care plan.
Restraints can be applied:
only with a doctor's orders
Generally, the last sense to leave a dying person is the sense of
What is a normal range of a blood pressure?
varies 119/75 is an example
Incontinence may be caused by:
nervous system diseases
Standing with the legs shoulder-width apart is using
good body mechanics
Aftr an amputation, a resident may experience phantom sensation. Phantom sensation is
pain or sensation caused by remaining nerve endings
How should a fracture pan be positioned?
with the handle toward the foot of the bed
What does palliative care involve?
pain relief and comfort
Nursing assistants do not usually perform procedures that require
Insulin reaction can be caused by
too little food
Which of the following is a requirement of OBRA?
nursing assistants must have at least 75 hours of training
What is a good way for a nursing assistant to care for a mentally ill resident?
support the resident and his or her family and friends
When should sheets be changed?
whenever they are soiled, wrinkled, or damp
What does the chain of command do?
describes the line of authority
What is a good way for a nursing assistant to respond to inappropriate sexual behavior?
take the resident to a private area
What should a nursing assistant do if she suspects a resident is being abused?
she should report it to the nurse immediately and let him/her handle it from there
What is one good way a nursing assistant can assist residents with normal changes of aging related to the urinary system?
offer frequent trips to the bathroom
Which of the following is true of Transmission-Based Precautions?
they are practiced in addition to Standard Precautions
What can nursing assistants do in regards to IVs?
Nursing assistants will observe the IV site for problems
Passive range of motion exercises are done
when a resident cannot move on her own
Which of the following is used when documenting the amount of fluid a resident drinks?
When encountering a fire, a nursing assistant should first
remove resident from danger
What is a common "cliche"?
It will all work out in the end.
What member of the care team might help a resident learn to use adaptive devices for eating or dressing?
A way to prevent aspiration during oral care of unconscious residents include:
using as little liquid as possible when giving oral care
Providing privacy while giving care is a patient's
What is something a nursing assistant needs to observe and report regarding the musculoskeletal system:
white, shiny, red, or warm areas over a joint
What is one way a nursing assistant can promote a resident's independence?
allowing a resident to do a task by himself no matter how long it takes hime
To treat a minor burn, a nursing assistant should
use cool, clean water
For a nursing assitant, confidentiality means
keeping private things private
When leaving a resident's room, a nursing assistant should
restock supplies and leave the call light within reach
What should a nursing assistant do each time a patient is repositioned?
should check residents'skin each time they are repositioned
Which is the most essential nutrient for life?
Which sense is usually last to leave the body when a person is dying?
What is a function of the nervous system?
senses and interprets information from outside the body
During a seizure an NA should
keep the resident safe
The ability to think logically and quickly is called
How can a nursing assistant help residents with their spirtual needs?
learn about resident's beliefs and listen carefully
If a resident with Alzheimer's disease has problems with dressing, the nursing assistant should:
lay out clothes in the order they should be put on
What is a type of advance directive:
Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care
Which type of urine speciment does not include the first and last urine in the sample?
___________is maintaining equal intake and output.
How should a resident with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) be positioned?
The first sign of skin breakdown is
pale, white, reddened, or purple skin
The single most important thing you can do to prevent the spread of disease is to
wash your hands
Which temperature site is generally considered to be the most accurate?
What may influence a food preference?
A ___________ is the permanent and painful stiffening of a joint and muscle.
Diabetes can lead to what complications:
impaired wound healing
Where should the call light be placed when a nursing assistant leaves a resident's room?
within the resident's reach
Why should a nursing assistant be concerned if he notices that areas of a resident's skin have become pale, white, or a reddened color?
it could be the beginning of a pressure sore
What can an overbed table be used for?
placement of meals
Pressure sores can lead to:
If a resident starts to fall, the best thing an NA can do is to:
widen her stance and bring the resident's body close to her
Ten ounces is equal to ____ milliliters (mL)
An attitude that is helpful in hospice work is
respect privacy and independence
If a resident with Alzheimer's disease shows violent behavior, the nursing assistant should
In which of the following procedures must a nursing assistant always wear gloves?
What thermometer is used to take a temperature from the ear?
HIV can be transmitted
to a fetus by an infected mother
When assisting a resident with a standard bedpan, where should the wider end of the bedpan be placed?
in alignment with the resident's buttocks
The artificial opening in the abdomen of a resident with an ostomy is called a
Which is true about nursing assistants and catheters?
NAs observe and report regarding catheters
Which of the following statements is true of pain?
pain is a different experience for each person
What is a guideline for good skin care?
check the resident's skin daily and report changes
When a resident has left-sided weakness, which sleeve should be put on first?
With whom may a nursing assistant share a resident's medical information?
other staff members involved in the resident's care
How many rubber-tipped feet does a quad can have?
If a nursing assistant sees a letter for the resident at the front desk, she should
take the opened letter to the resident's room
Where should the nursing assistant stand when helping a resident who is recovering from a stroke to walk?
on the resident's weaker side
When communicating with a resident who is visually-impaired, the nursing assistant should
tell the resident what the nursing assistant is doing while careing for him
A nursing assistant should wear gloves when
giving perineal care to a resident
In order to communicate with a resident who is hearing-impaired, the nursing assistant should
face the resident directly when speaking
Before helping a resident eat, how should the nursing assistant position the resident?
sitting as upright as possible
When speaking with residents, nursing assistants should
use simple, non-medical terms
To prevent falls, a nursing assistant should
keep walkways free of clutter
Which position is a resident in if he is lying on his stomach?
When assisting a patient with dentures, a nursing assistant should
clean dentures should be returned to the resident or stored in a denture cup that is labeled
When providing perineal care for a female resident, the nursing assistant should
wipe from front to back
When observing catheters, a nursing assistant should be sure that
the drainage bag is kept lower than the hips or bladder
Which member of the care team diagnoses disease and prescribes treatment?
A resident's proteced health information (PIH) may be shared with:
only those who need the information for care or processing of records
What is an example of physical abuse?
pinching a resident
What is the correct conversion of 4:10p.m. to military time?
Joking with a resident's roommate about the resident's incontinence is what type of abuse?
What is the correct conversion of 1900 hours to standard time?
When should a nursing assistant identify a resident?
befrore helping with feeding
What is an example of a normal change of aging?
When using a transfer belt, the NA should:
place it over a resident's clothing