23 terms

AP Lit: Drama #1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

accent
In verse, _________ refers to the stressed portion of a word.
ex. In Shakespeare's lines, "To be or not to be," the __________ gals on the first "be" and the first "not" are stressed, so they would have ___________s."
act
major division in the action of the play; first introduced by Elizabethan dramatists
action
the ordering of the events of a story, particularly towards the achievement of some effect
antagonist
character or force that opposes or blocks the protagonist
ex. The Nothing is the antagonist in The Neverending Story.
anthropomorphism
when inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena are given human characteristics, behavior, or motivation, much like personification. The two are almost identical but ____________________ is more direct and obvious in the way it has become human, whereas personification is more subtle.
ex. "The rock stabbed the heel of my foot" would be personification, whereas "The foot used its pointy chin to stab the heel of my foot, cursing at me and telling me to watch where I was walking," is _____________________.
anticlimax
occurs when an action produces far smaller results than one had been led to expect
ex. A hero's home is destroyed by the villiain, burning his wife and children inside, so to get justice for the death of his family the hero slaps the villain with a handkerchief across his face.
aside
when a character says something privately to another character while other characters are also on stage; sometimes addressed to the audience, as if breaking the action on stage
ex. Ferris Bueller is constantly breaking the fourth wall and talking to the audience about his day and his philosophies about people in his movie.
atmosphere
the emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene
ballad
a long narrative poem usually in very regular meter and rhyme. A ________ typically has a naïve, folksy quality
ex. Shakespeare's "All the world's a stage" is considered a __________.
black humor
the use of disturbing scenes in comedy
ex. In Pulp Fiction, two of the main characters argue over who has to be "on brain detail" in the back seat of a car, cleaning up the remains of a young man they have just shot accidentally.
chorus
In drama, a _________ is a group of citizens who stand outside the main action on stage and comment on it.
ex. In Oedipus, the ________ often offers its comments on the action of the play.
comedy
a literary work, especially a play, characterized by a happy resolution
comedy of manners
literary work characterized by the intrigues of people living in a sophisticated society
ex. Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest.
comic relief
a humorous scene, incident, or remark within a serious or tragic drama that evokes laughter as a release from the tension of the serious action and follows scenes of intense emotion
ex. Mercutio provides many of the funny jokes that break the tension in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
confidant
a trusted friend or servant; a device for revealing the inner thoughts of a main character.
ex. Jim is Huck's ______________.
dirge
a song for the dead - typically slow, heavy, and melancholy
dialect
a way of speaking of a social/cultural group or the inhabitants of a geographical area
ex. Mark Twain's Huck Finn can be a challenge to understand for readers because of his Southern __________.
dialogue
when two or more speakers speak to one another; the spoken exchanges that comprise a play
epilogue
short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play
ex. Puck's closing remarks in A Midsummer Night's Dream.
epiphany
a major character's moment of realization or awareness
ex. A Raisin in the Sun - When Walter realizes that the pride and happiness of his family is more important than the money he could make by accepting Lindner's deal
external conflict
struggle that exists between people, between a person and nature/machine, or a person and society
farce
a type of comedy in which ridiculous characters are involved in silly situations
ex. Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew, The Three Stooges, The Simpsons
foil
a character whose traits are opposite of another and thus pointing out the strengths and weaknesses of
that character
ex. Malfoy is the ______ to Harry Potter in his cowardice and subservience to Voldemort, whereas Harry is known for both his bravery and his constant struggle with the Dark Lord.