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Chapter 12 History Vocab
Terms in this set (20)
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation.
a country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country.
the argument and idea that the English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government, and were destined to dominate the planet
Matthew C. Perry
ordered by President Pierce to take a naval expedition to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty
the last ruling monarch of Hawaii. Liliuokalani disliked the influence that American settlers had gained in Hawaii
the idea that the United States and Latin America should work together. came to be known as Pan-Americanism
Alfred T. Mahan
in 1890 Mahan published his lectures in a book called The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783. He suggested that America needed a large navy to protect its merchant ships and to defend its right to trade with other countries
Henry Cabot Lodge
Powerful U.S. Senator who pushed for the building of a powerful American Navy.
William Randolph Hearst
Powerful newspaper publisher who published the New York Journal. The Journal reported outrageous stories of the Spanish feeding Cuban prisoners to sharks and dogs
Powerful newspaper publisher who published the New Yea World. The World described Cuba as a place with "blood on the roadsides, blood in the fields, blood on the doorsteps, blood, blood, blood."
type of sensational, biased and often dales reporting for the sake of attracting readers
Extreme nationalism marked by the aggressive foreign policy
Assistant Secretary of the Navy who pushed for the U.S. to go to war with Spain. He raged that McKinley had "no more backbone that a chocolate eclair"
the amendment that set forth the conditions for U.S.-Cuban relations after the Spanish American War. It governed relations between the United States and Cuba until its repeal in 1934. It eddectively made Cuba an American protectorate.
Sphere of Influence
section od a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
Open Door Policy
United States belief that all countries should be allowed to trade with China
Secret Chinese society organized to get rid of foreign control. The Boxers were a group that besieged foreign embassies in Beijing, killing more than 200 foreigners and taking others prisoner
"Great White Fleet"
In 1907 President Roosevelt sent 16 battleships of the new United States Navy, known as the "Great White Fleet" on a voyage around the world to showcase the nations military might
an attempt to prevent European nations from sending troops to Caribbean or Central American. The United States announced it would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessary to maintain stability in the Western Hemisphere
A policy of joining the business interests of a country with its diplomatic interests abroad.
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