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AP Gov Ch.12 Vocab
Terms in this set (41)
Advice and Consent
the authority of the senate to ratify treaties, confirm cabinet, and judicial appts., a legal expression in the United States Constitution that allows the Senate to constrain the President's powers of appointment and treaty-making
the electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for president and VP, one of whom shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
no more than 2 terms, limits the number of terms a president may be elected to serve
if president cannot finish term, VP is approved by Congress majority, clarifies an ambiguous provision of the Constitution regarding succession to the Presidency, and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.
power of the media through news coverage to focus the public's attention and concern on particular events., the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems
dpt heads that advise the president , a cupboard-like repository or piece of furniture with doors and shelves and drawers
a method of organizing a president's staff in which several presidential assistants report directly to the president, several of the president's assistants report directly to him
clinton vs ny
certain parties sought to overturn the line item veto act unconstitutional, which gave the pres power to cancel certain spending provisions of congressionally enacted bills, Banned presidential use of line item veto
clinton vs jones
can the president be involved in a lawsuit during his presidency for actions that occurred before the tenure of his presidents and that were not related to his official duties, a president can still be civilly sued while in office and would not distract from presidential duties
commander in chief
the president, the officer who holds the supreme command
lawful recognition of, The formal acknowledgment of a foreign government as legitimate.
unofficial term that relates to the electors' who cast the states' electoral votes, the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty made by the executive branch, an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
executive office of president
us pres chief of the executive, The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
regulations originating from the executive branch. Executive orders are one method presidents can use to control the bureaucracy.
The inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
the time following an election when a president's popularity is high and congressional relations are likely to be productive
2 Steps. 1.) Investigation and articles of impeachment with majority 218 members. 2.)Trial in Senate, must find guilty of High Crimes and Misdemeanors. need SuperMajority 67/100. Need bi-partisan support. Chief Justice of Supreme Ct. oversees trial.
The President's refusal to spend money Congress has voted to fund a program
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive congress
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power
legitimacy of election
The idea that the selection of office holders should be based on the will of the people as expressed through their votes
line item veto
An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
an impelling force or strength
national economic council
a United States government agency in the Executive Office of the President. Created by President Bill Clinton in 1993 by Executive Order, its functions are to coordinate policy-making for domestic and international economic issues, coordinate economic policy advice for the President, ensure that policy decisions and programs are consistent with the President's economic goals, and monitor implementation of the President's economic policy agenda
national security council
a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
nixon vs fitzgerald
the president may not be sued while in office
office of management and budget
the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget
open party caucuses
Meetings at which a party's candidates for nomination are voted on and that are open to all the party's rank-and-file voters who want to attend.
a bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
the office of the United States head of state
presidential approval ratings
A measure of the degree to which the public approves or disapproves of the president's performance in office.
the order in which officials fill the office of president in case of a vacancy
the person who is head of state (in several countries)
Presidential management model in which the Chief of Staff plays a prominent role as the head of a military style chain of command. Used successfully by Reagan and Eisenhower.
A theory that argues for a strong, assertive presidential role, with presidential authority limited only at points specifically prohibited by law
an abandoned rule of the Democratic Party national convention in which the candidate with the most delegates from a state won all of that state's convention votes.
us vs nixon
Allowed for executive privledges but not in criminal cases
The president's formal explanation of a veto when legislation is returned to Congress
war powers resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
A theory that prevailed in the nineteenth century and held that the presidency was a limited or restrained office whose occupant was confined to expressly granted constitutional authority.