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Praxis II (Principles of learning and Teaching Test 7-12)
Terms in this set (70)
A student applies what she has learned about probability to add information to a report on weather forecasting. This is an example of
Upon receiving the instructions for a group biology project on heredity, Winston immediately begins breaking the assignment down into manageable parts and scheduling each part of completion . Winston learning style could BEST be described as
The idea that self-efficacy is a vital precondition for behavior change is associated with which of the following
Information Processing Theory (IPT)
Which of the following provides regulations to schools about issues such as size and placement of water fountains and configuration of restroom facilities
American with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Mr. Upshaw's American History class has displayed a particular interest in his lectures on the Civil War. Observing this Mr. Upshaw decides to stress intrinsic motivation in assigning additional work. Such a strategy might include
A viewing of episodes of Ken Burns' documentary on the Civil War; A panel discussion on the issues that led to the Civil War.
New District Guidelines encourage foreign langauge teachers to rely on on computer instruction for 50 % of their class-work. A key benefit for students in this kind of learning
The ability to learn at an individually comfortable rate.
As a scaffolding procedure Ms. Gomez gives her students a list of terms to include in an essay of Walt Whitman's poetry. The procedure proves to be successful learning support. Which of the following should Mrs. Gomez employ as a logical next step for the next essay assignment?
Ask the students to come up with their own list of terms to use.
Mrs. Li's Social Studies class is discussing the Trail of Tears. Mrs. Li asked the class " How would you feel if the federal government required you to leave your home and travel many miles to a new settlement? This question is on which level of Bloom's Taxonomy
Mrs. Ray wants to elicit more reflective responses and wider participation in her classroom discussions. Which of the following have the greatest potential for accomplishing objective
Pausing longer after each question before calling on students to respond.
Juan is a 11th grade transfer student. He feels overwhelmed at the project of writing a research paper on an assigned topic in his literature class. His teacher recommends that he first break the assignment into manageable subtasks that are more easily accomplished. Which of the following BEST aligns with the teacher's advice?
Locate 3 sources on the assigned topic and make notes while reading them.
Mr. Stanford wants to evaluate the effectiveness of a new activity after his classed performed it. Which type of assessment BEST suits this objective?
Which of the following can be determined most reliably from a criterion-based test?
How much each student has learned about particular parts of the curriculum.
Mrs. Stanford is puzzled when her 4th grade students have difficulty with a science project and began to show frustration. In the project, they must work in small groups to record in careful detail their observations about 3 different corn plants under specific conditions and then write a hypothesis they can test according to their observations. Which of the following theories would would be most helpful in accounting for the difficulties Mrs. Stanford's students are experiencing?
Piaget's Theory on the stages of Cognitive Devlopment
Adrienne scored a 78 out of a 100 on a Math test, which was the highest score in the class. Adrienne's percentile rank would be?
Title IX is a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972 that dealt specifically with issues of
During a small-group classroom activity, Mrs. Stanford notices that one of her student's is being disruptive instead of participating in the group project. To follow the assertive discipline model, Mrs. Stanford should do which of the following as an initial response?
Identify the student's misbehavior and then explain what the student should be doing.
Administrators have assigned a group of teacher's at Lexington High School to observe each other's classroom instruction, hold group discussions about teaching practices, and offer constructive feedback and analysis to group members. Which of the following describes this arrangements?
Mr. Stanford will have a paraprofessional, or trained classroom aide, in his classroom for the first time this semester. The school principal has urged Mr.Stanford to monitor the paraprofessional's level of experience. That is important because it will help Mr.Stanford to
Determine the amount of supervision to provide for the paraprofessional.
Which of the following is associated with the Behaviorist Theory?
Skinner and Pavlov
Learning as a result of observing behavior is characteristic of which theory?
Social Learning Theory
In the cognitive process of assimilation a student modifies
Incorporates facts from a new experience within a scheme from prior knowledge.
Mike is meeting with his guidance counselor because of administrative concerns abut his poor performance in his 10th grade classes. Mike admits to the counselor that he has made few friends at school and tends to keep to himself during the school day. Relying on the self-discrimination theory of motivation, the guidance counselor can see that Mike's essential need of _______ is not being satisfied
Which of the following is a characteristic of a gifted student?
Advanced in Language Skills, Flexibility in thought process, and Exceptional motivation
Following 2 days of lecturing on the taxonomy system of classification, Mrs. Stanford wants to emphasize her student's critical thinking skills. Which of the following activities would be best for this purpose.
A class discussion featuring open ended questions
Mr. Stanford is formulating objectives and the goals for his 11th grade Trigonometry class. Which of the following rules should he follow?
Specify both short- term objectives and long-term goals
Pedro, a student in Mr.Stanford's 6th grade class, has a poor level of participation and performance on most classroom activities. Nevertheless, Pedro's school records indicate above-average aptitude, and in interviews Pedro insists that He wants to succeed. Which of the following should Mr. Stanford do to encourage Pedro
Assign class work to Pedro that is divided into small steps and provide him with immediate feedback.
Mrs. Stanford is writing a lesson plan for a lesson on compound probability. The closing part of the lesson should include all of the following EXCEPT
Mr. Stanford's language art's classroom is diverse linguistically, culturally, and academically. To meet the need of his student's, he plans lessons so students can work on similar assignments yet receive the level of support necessary for their individual success. His ELL and special needs students receive detailed instruction and support from writing assignments, while other student's have the creative freedom to go beyond the assignment if they wish. Mr.Stanford teaching method here is best described as
When faced with discipline issues in her classroom Mrs. Stanford focuses on using I-messages with her students. The benefits of these kinds of messages include which of the following?
They are less judgmental, They focus on classroom needs, They are assertive without putting the listener on the defensive.
Which of the following is an example of an authentic assessment?
Find the concentration of a unknown solution.
A class of 12th graders is taking a test that has a norm group. This means the test results can be ?
Compared to the results from peers taking the same exact test.
In the middle of a lesson on atomic theory, Mr. Stanford administers a 5 question quiz in order to help him determine how to spend the rest of the period. This is an example of
Which of the following Assessment formats generally ranks lowest on practicality?
The progressive area of American Education lasted from about 1880-1920. The founder of the movement was who?
The administrator at Lexington High School has advised the teaching staff to make a greater effort to keep up to date on trends in instructional methods and classroom management. To do this most effectively, the teacher's should
Attend workshops and in-service conferences
Mr. Stanford is a first year teacher at Liberty Technology High School (Urban Area). His mentor suggest that he keep a reflective journal. This kind of journal should contain?
Thoughts and feelings about teaching methods
Adrienne has a hearing impairment and has been ruled eligible for special education at her high school. According to Federal Law, the school must provide a(n) __________ for her.
Individualized Education Program
At a preseason football practice on a hot afternoon in August, a student athlete faints from dehydration and must hospitalized. For the student's high school, this incident involves issues of?
For a lesson solving inequalities, Mr. Stanford is planning to use a scaffolding approach. What sequence of the following steps would be best for implementing this approach?
1.Explain and Demonstrate the skill
2.Help the student perform the skill with supervision
3.Allow Each student to perform the skill alone
4.Evaluate each student's performance on the skill
5.Review the Skill based on the evaluation results
According to Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development, most young people in high school grades tend to obey rules because?
Realize rules are necessary for Social Order
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a famous example of which theory of motivation?
Mr.Stanford tries to incorporate both direct and indirect instructional strategies in her lesson plans. Instructional strategies in her lesson plans. Instructional strategies and cognitive process associated with indirect instruction include all of the following EXCEPT
During a classroom discussion on alternative energy, Mr.Stanford asks a follow-up question to which none of the students immediately. In this case Mr.Stanford should
Pause for several seconds to give the student's a chance to think.
The school principal is evaluating Mr.Stanford teaching performance in his Algebra I class. In the evaluation, they expressed concern about his ability to plan a lesson thoroughly and then evaluate student comprehension. To improve Mr.Stanford's performances in these areas, the principal should recommend that he work on which of the following
Setting concrete objectives and providing thoughtful assessment
Mike dislikes working on group projects and done poorly on such assignments in the past. In his earth science class, he is assigned to a group to research solar energy for a class panel discussion. The other group members openly express dismay that Mike is part of their group. In turn Mike mopes during the groups discussions and contributes little to the assignment. This situation is an example of ?
In a lesson on seasonal variations in climate, Mrs. Stanford ask her class the following questions:
What variables would help in predicting the seasons on a newly discovered planet ?
This question is on which level of Bloom's Taxonomy
" Drill and Practice" is a characteristic of which of the following instructional methods
For a test to be deemed reliable by a professional educator, it must
Measure learning in a consistent way
After attending a teacher's workshop, Mr. Stanford decides to include more authentic assessment in his lesson plans for World History. Which of the following would be BEST suited for this plan?
Role Playing Exercises, Event Simulations, Classroom Debates
Diagnostic assessments are most commonly used to
Identify exceptionalities or special needs
Under the federal law known as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), parents and eligible students have all the following rights EXCEPT the right to
Prevent the release of the student's education records under any circumstance
A group of High School Students petition their school's administration to allow them to form religious- oriented after school study group. Which of the following would be most appropriate for the group to cite in support of their petition.
The Equal Access Act of 1984
The administrator at the school where Mr. Stanford teaches language arts has asked to improve his communications with parents in the upcoming school year.
Meet Regularly with a group of parents to discuss each student's classroom progress
In handling a incident in which one student is relentlessly teasing a quiet classmate, Mrs. Stanford displays uncharacteristic anger. She realizes that her response owed to the fact that she was teased in a similar way when she was in high school. In her teacher's journal. Mrs. Stanford does a analysis of this critical incident. For Mrs. Stanford an important value of this analysis is to
Resolve Personal Conflicts and Prepare for similar events in the future
Mrs. Stanford is preparing to begin a lesson on heredity. She ask her student's the following questions: "What is the meaning of the word heredity ? ", "What traits did you inherit from either of your parents ?" "What determines if you have brown eyes, green eyes, or blue eyes ?"
Mrs. Stanford is using this questioning procedure to
Determine prior knowledge of the topic
With regard to nonverbal communication and gestures, a teacher should keep in mind that
When a verbal and nonverbal message conflict, students usually pay more attention to the nonverbal message
Parents of a child in the middle school grades can expect at child to exhibit which of the following social skills
Wanting to conform to peer expectations
Which of the following is true about gender-specific differences in education
Males are more likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability than are females
Jerome Bruner developed the concept ____ to relate the ideas of Zone Proximal Development to the everyday classroom
Michael enjoys Mr. Stanford's science class because he emphasizes an inquiry-based approach in his teaching methods. This approach involves
Generating and Testing Hypothesis
Mr. Stanford has a student with ADHD who has problems focusing on a single task for extended periods. Mr. Stanford wants to provide a testing accommodation that will help this student perform at an optimum levels, which of the following would be most appropriate to accomplish this goal?
Administer the test to the student in the library or in a quiet office setting
At a school board meeting, supporters of standardized testing urge that its use be the main measure of student achievement and teacher accountability for the district. This approach would probably result in
"Teaching to the Test"
A performance based assessment is designed to evaluates a student's
Knowledge of procedure
The benefits to teacher's of forming an effective learning community include
Diversity of perspective, Collaboration to solve problems, and Commitment to share goals
After teaching high school Algebra for 5 years Mr.Stanford has achieved tenure, an important form of job security for teachers. This means that he cannot be dismissed for which of the following reasons?
Personal or Political Beliefs
On a standardized test, Mike receives a grade-level equivalent score of 8.2. This means he scored at a performance level of
82% of his class
In a debate competition, Mike glances over a list of ten brief points that he jotted down for her rebuttal. She mentally orders the points by importance. In her rebuttal she is able to recall and use 9 of the points without looking at his notes. This example indicates that Mike
Has a strong working memory
Mike entered a motion detector experiment in a district wide science fair and wins second prize overall, Immediately he begins to plan his entry for the next science fair. This is an example of
Behavioral Theory of Motivation
3 teachers at Lexington High School collaborate tom plan a series of lessons on the Harlem Renaissance. The lessons are in content areas of literature, art, and social studies. This project is best described as
A interdisciplinary plan
Which of the following student - directed modes of instruction would be particularly helpful with English Language Learner (ELL Students).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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