40 terms

forensic psych. exam

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Under hypnosis induced by Martin Orne, Kenneth Bianci (a suspect in the Hillside strangler murders)
A. provided key evidence exonerating himself of the crime
B. Engages in behavior suggesting he was malingering
C. regressed to a past life for an explanation of his crime
D. provided evidence that convinced Orne that Bianchi had multiple-personality disorder
B. Engages in behavior suggesting he was malingering
Which of the following was the clearest conclusion of a meta-analysis conducted by Steblay and Bothwell (1994)?
A. Hypnotized subjects are less confident about the accuracy of their memories than non-hypnotized subjects
B. Hypnotized subjects are more confident about the accuracy of their memories than non-hypnotized subjects
C. Hypnotized subjects recall significantly more details than non-hypnotized subjects
D. Hypnotized subjects are less suggestible than non-hypnotized subjects
B. Hypnotized subjects are more confident about the accuracy of their memories than non-hypnotized subjects
Some states, plus the federal courts consider whether administrative procedures were acceptable and if proper safeguards were met. if they were, then they admit hypnotically-assisted testimony. This is called the
A. McNaughten standard
B. fair-use test
C. totality of circumstances
D. per se exclusionary rule
C. totality of circumstances
the per se exclusionary rule
A. allows hypnotically-assisted testimony in all relevant cases
B. prohibits hypnotically-assisted testimony by prosecution witnesses
C. prohibits hypnotically assisted testimony by defense witnesses
D. prohibits hypnotically-assisted testimony in all cases
D. prohibits hypnotically-assisted testimony in all cases
In the Control Question Technique of the polygraph examination, responses to control questions
A. help put the subject at ease between critical questions
B. are more extreme in guilty subjects
C. provide a baseline for the subjects reactivity
D. are those which always elicit the most arousal
C. provide a baseline for the subjects reactivity
in the control question technique of polygraph examination, a(n) _______ will respond ________ to control questions as/than crime-related questions
A. innocent person; as much
B. innocent person; less
C. guilty person; less
D. guilty person; more
C. guilty person; less
Robert R. Hazelwood (1993) interviewed 41 men who had each committed rape at least 10 times. How many of the men reported being sexually abused as children?
A. 6
B. 17
C. 31
D. 40
C. 31
Unique, personal aspects of a criminal act, often the reflection of a need to express violent fantasies, are a criminals ________
A. signature
B. sociological makeup
C. M.O. (modus operandi)
D. demographics
A. signature
Typically, a profiler will typically
A. select one clue from a crime scene for the basis of a criminals profile
B. analyze all clues from a crime scene
C. use clues to generate a hypothesis about the typical criminal
D. be successful in analyzing all types of crimes
B. analyze all clues from a crime scene
Which of the following is NOT a step taken in generating a criminal profile?
A. a comprehensive study of the crime and the types of people who commit that crime
B. a detailed analysis of the crime scene
C. in-depth examination of the background of the victim
D. formulation of predictions of the sites for future crimes
D. formulation of predictions of the sites for future crimes
Charles Whitman, the Texas Tower shooter, is best described as a ________
A. mass murderer
B. serial murderer
C. spree murderer
D. family murderer
A. mass murderer
Which of the following best described a killer who has murdered on at least two separate occasions, with no cooling-off periods between homicides?
A. mass murderer
B. serial murderer
C. spree murderer
D. family murderer
C. spree murderer
The difficulty in selecting adequate control questions for a polygraph examination may be a reason why the control question technique leads to more ________ than ________
A. false positives; false negatives
B. false positives; true negatives
C. true negatives; false positives
D. false negatives; true positives
A. false positives; false negatives
Several studies conducted by David Lykken (1985) showed that 84% of guilty subjects were successfully identified by polygraph examination. what percentage of innocent subjects were successfully identified?
A. 26%
B. 53%
C. 72%
D. 87%
B. 53%
In the US v Scheffer, what was the ruling with regard to polygraph evidence?
A. the results were ruled admissible only for the defense
B. the results were ruled admissible only for the prosecution
C. the results were ruled inadmissible because of their unreliability
D. the results were ruled inadmissible because of police misconduct
C. the results were ruled inadmissible because of their unreliability
Which of the following is NOT used as a counter-measure to "fool" the polygraph?
A. suppressing responses to relevant or incriminating questions
B. augmenting physiological responses to control questions
C. altering patterns of speech in response to relevant questions
D. mentally dissociating and distracting ones attention
C. altering patterns of speech in response to relevant questions
Research counter-measures done to "fool" the polygraph shows
A. people need training to be successful at them
B. people simply need to be told about them to be successful at them
C. concentrating on one counter-measure will result in more success
D. counter-measures are easily detected
A. people need training to be successful at them
Which of the following is NOT a reason why criminal profiling is considered separate from forensic psychology?
A. training in criminal profiling has historically been controlled by the FBI
B. There are more jobs than applicants to fill the positions
C. Most profilers have not done graduate study in psychology
D. Even experienced profiles acknowledge that profiling is more are than science
B. There are more jobs than applicants to fill the positions
Testimony on crime scene analysis is usually admitted into court only when
A. the analysis has been confirmed by outside laboratories
B. no one challenges the reliability and validity of the techniques used
C. the same techniques have been used for a minimum of 5 years
D. the testimony has been agreed upon by both the defense and the prosecution
B. no one challenges the reliability and validity of the techniques used
why did the court rule to exclude the testimony of profiler John Douglas in state of ohio v lowe?
A. douglas did not have the proper experience to do a criminal profile
B. the state did not follow correct procedure in introducing the testimony
C. the testimony was deemed irrelevant to the case
D. it did not have the scientific reliability to be considered evidence
D. it did not have the scientific reliability to be considered evidence
Because physical qualities and demographics are also important in identifying criminals, some investigators prefer to use the term __________ profile
A. psychic
B. holistic
C. sociopsychological
D. heirarchical
C. sociopsychological
a study by ressler, burgess, and douglas showed that approximately ______ of murderers have IQ scores above 120
A. 10%
B. 20%
C. 30%
D. 50%
C. 30%
An analysis by the secret service has shown that _____ of all assassins show symptoms of mental illness
A. over 75%
B. over 50%
C. less than 50%
D. less than 25%
C. less than 50%
seeking out consistencies in the personalities, backgrounds, and behaviors of offenders who commit similar crimes describes what approach to criminal profiling?
A. distinguishing the evil person
B. extracting specific characteristics
C. personality analysis
D. determining common characteristics
D. determining common characteristics
of the following, which was described by Walter Langer as being unable "to develop an intimate relationship with others that sustained adversity because he saw others as untrustworthy?"
A. Julius Caesar
B. Josef Stalin
C. Adolf Hitler
D. Saddam Hussein
C. Adolf Hitler
Which of the following did Heilbronner (1993) describe as an immensely sexual process for the perpetrators?
A. Serial rape
B. serial homicide
C. serial arson
D. stalking
B. serial homicide
Jerrold M. Post's personality profile of Saddam Hussein revealed that he is
A. impulsive, psychologically unstable, and often delusional
B. patient, aggressive, and paranoid
C. suffering from a psychotic disorder
D. likely to commit suicide if faced with a loss of power
B. patient, aggressive, and paranoid
What percentage of murderers who have committed sexually oriented homicides report having been sexually abused as children?
A. 10%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 75%
D. 75%
Ted Bundy planned his abductions, carefully selected his victims, and used verbal manipulation to gain their trust. He murdered on many separate occasions, with cooling-off periods between homicides. Which of the following best describes him?
A. organized spree murderer
B. disorganized spree murderer
C. organized serial murderer
D. disorganized serial murderer
C. organized serial murderer
which of the following is NOT characteristic of an organized serial murderer?
A. a plan
B. gaining control by manipulation or threat
C. use of a car or truck
D. Keeping the body
D. Keeping the body
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a disorganized serial murderer?
A. leaves the weapon at the crime scene
B. repositions the dead body
C. performs sexual acts with live victims
D. tries to depersonalize the body
C. performs sexual acts with live victims
Why is the case of the Boston Strangler of interest to forensic psychologists?
A. profiling predictions proved that there were actually two killers
B. the psychiatric profile was almost completely inaccurate
C. the psychiatric profile for the case helped track down a serial killer in New York as well
D. it was the first time psychiatric profiling had been used
B. the psychiatric profile was almost completely inaccurate
In 1989, federal agents stopped 600 people matching the profile of a drug courier. How many were arrested?
A. 10
B. 50
C. 200
D. 300
A. 10
A study conducted by Pinizzotto and Finkel (1990) found that predictions made by professional profilers were
A. no different from nonprofessionals
B. better than nonprofessionals
C. worse than nonprofessionals
D. better than students and the same as psychologists
B. better than nonprofessionals
What percentage of deaths that need to be certified are equivocal cases?
A. less than 5%
B. between 5% and 20%
C. between 20% and 35%
D. between 35% and 50%
B. between 5% and 20%
in 1995, special prosecutor Kenneth Starr reopened some aspects of the investigations of Vincent Fosters death. What were his conclusions, reported in 1997?
A. Foster had been drugged
B. Foster had indeed committed suicide
C. foster had been murdered and his body had been moved
D. he drew no conclusions regarding the mode of death
B. Foster had indeed committed suicide
the basic purpose of a ______ is to certify whether a death could be reliably classified as natural, accidental, suicidal, homicidal.
A. licensed mortician
B. forensic detective
C. medical examiner
D. criminal profiler
C. medical examiner
in the equivocal death analysis following the explosion on the U.S.S. Iowa, the american psychological association
A. agreed with the fbi that the explosion was an accident
B. disagreed with the fbi that the explosion was an accident
C. agreed with the fbi that the explosion was instigated by gunners mate clayton hartwig
D. disagreed with the fbi that the explosion was instigated by gunners mate clayton hartwig
D. disagreed with the fbi that the explosion was instigated by gunners mate clayton hartwig
when did martin reiser, a psychologist with the LAPD, establish the law enforcement hypnosis institute to train hypnotechnicians?
A. 1950s
B. 1960s
C. 1970s
D. 1980s
C. 1970s
regarding hypnotically-refreshed memories, the scientific community
A. is in consensus that they are completely reliable
B. thinks the use of them should be disregarded in court
C. thinks the benefits of them outweigh the costs
D. is evenly divided over the use of them in court
B. thinks the use of them should be disregarded in court
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