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Urban Studies Exam 1
Terms in this set (54)
Built in 1850's
Private and Foreign owners at first
When was the Transcontinental railroad built?
Built in 1869
First cities traits (6)
Center area was for raising animals and militia practice
Wealthy & Middle were closer to street (specialized rooms)
Lower class were closer to alleys
Pigs roamed around to eat waste
Heading west departure points
St. Joseph & St. Louis MO
New institutions added in pre-industrial period
Centers for Defense
Charity houses for the poor and sick
Change in gender roles
Cult of domesticity in growing middle class
women were the ones to raise kids
Children now got more time to "play"
What happened to the walking city?
Inventions like the omnibus and railroad helped people who could afford it move farther away from city centers
Strong sense of family
Community based choices
1st omnibus built in 1828
horse drawn, stage coach
fit up to 14 people
contracts and laws
a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s (president Hoover)
A way to get people to take the cable cars/trolleys on Sunday -- Amusement parks
Local place you went to drink, play, and learn news
Tavern keepers brought in votes for candidates
First form of transit not powered by animals built in San Fran.
3 new technologies in pre-industrial period
(they all lowered cost of transporting goods)
Hierarchy established in pre-industrial period
Merchants, Educated people, and Bankers
Artisans & Craftsman (2/3 of population)
The first taxes went to what?
Collected taxes for police force
Trade in Pre-industrial period
Both international and city-to-city trade
exported things they could grow
imported manufactured items and luxury items
Why did the size of the market change?
not as many people dying
Population of cities in pre-industrial period
Before: 5% lived in the city and 95% hinterland
1840 it increased to 10%
gov't sanctioned slaughters of Jews
3 phases of gentrification
1. someone loves a house enough to restore it
2. People who have money start coming
3. Gentrification is complete - total change
When new people move into an area and start fixing it up
Causes a chain reaction
Rent goes up
occurs in phases
Changing the use of a building
Renovation v. Restoration
renovation - maintenance
restoration - bringing it back they way it was
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
1817 Literacy Test
1921 Quotas on different nationalities
1852 the house car sat on rails
could carry more people
The Great Migration
movement of 6 million African-Americans out of south to North and West
Helped African-Americans get out of the south on the train
The Chicago Defender
soldiers came and took jobs back from African-Americans
Not enough housing
over 70 lynchings
riot in Chicago
Greek word for city
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
contiguous territorial unit integrated around city with at least 50,000 people
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA)
refers to regions compromising of more than one MSA
must have a million people
Burgess borrowed from what to develop his model and convey his approach to understanding the patterns of urban growth?
Burgess advocates that diversity is what for its people and social organization
diversity is beneficial
Burgess argues that each what in his concentric circle model extends its area by the invasion into the next outer zone.
Inner zone (TRUE)
Burgess refers to the circle surrounding the city center as?
Area of deterioration
The designer of Central Park
Frederick Law Olmsted
Olmsted believed parks should be for?
Olmsted believed parks could help?
poor health, lung disease
social degeneration among children
Engels noted that in neighborhoods of Manchester it was apparent that what?
There was a great deal of residential segregation
Engels primarily discusses what ?
the working class neighborhoods and the overwhelming amount of fifth in different areas
Engels clearly blames who?
He blames poor urban planning and shoddy construction due to industrialization for working class conditions
Engels blievend that who exploited the urban working poor?
owners of manufacturing plants and landowners exploited the working poor and reaped the financial benefits
Wirth argues that the three primary characteristics of cities are?
Wirth that people who are physically close are in cities are?
They are socially distant (TRUE)
Wirth argues that families are ___ connected to their larger kinships and ___ inclined to pursue their own individual interests
less connected and more inclined
As the population increase the percentage of that population which is made of immigrants and African- Americans does what?
DuBois found what in Philadelphia?
There was no evidence of drug use and little black-on-black crime
DuBois noted that African-Americans resided how?
Mostly in one large area, but there was still a class divide
DuBois noted that the largest percentage of men employed as?
laborers and servants
DuBois noted the difficulty finding employment was because
employers refused to hire them beach of their color, regardless of their level of skill
This set is often in folders with...
Urban Studies Exam 1
Urban Studies Exam 1
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