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Terms in this set (39)
1. Chronic (slow) (shin splints)
2. Acute (sudden) (ACL tear)
What are the 2 categories of injuries?
Which injury is a slow occurring injury?
Which injury is sudden?
What is the build up of calcium within a large muscle?
The BUMP test
What test is given when an athlete experiences an ankle injury?
Another word for a bruise
What is a contusion?
When someone is hit from the outside of their knee
What is a valgus force?
When someone is hit from the inside of their knee
What is the varus force?
Which connective cartilage/tissue is at the bone endings and is a very strong tissue?
1. Lateral Sprain (most common)
2. Medial Sprain (least common)
3. High Ankle Sprain
What are the 3 types of ankle injuries?
What muscle allows flexion?
What is it called when a bone, such as the humorous, comes out of place from it's socket?
What type of dislocation pops out and back in by itself and is only temporary?
What type of dislocation pops out and has to be put manually back into the socket?
Fracture in which the skin is broken through, tends to be more serious and can have internal bleeding.
Fracture in which the skin is not broken through.
An incomplete fracture in which the bone is bent, most common in young children and babies.
When the broken fracture pieces of bone is at a right angle to the bone's axis.
When the fracture break has a curved or sloped pattern.
When the fracture breaks into several pieces.
Fracture caused by a disease that weakens the bones.
Fracture that done over time by physical activity and no rest.
Sprain to the ligaments around the big toe joint
A contusion or bruising to the tissues under the heel
Straining the ligament that supports the arch of the foot
The amount of time it takes for a long bone fracture to heal.
Bone cell that absorbs bone tissue during growth and healing
A cell that produces the matrix for bone formation
Inflammation of a tendon
Slow occurring injury from overuse
What causes tendonitis?
Resting, medication, compressing the area, stretching and strengthening
How do you treat tendonitis?
Stay healthy, proper warm up, avoid overuse, and proper posture
How do you prevent tendonitis?
Ligament on the outer part of the knee that prevents side-to-side motion
Ligament that protects the outer part of the joint from negative blows
Ligament within the inner part of the knee that prevents knee from moving backwards or forwards
Ligaments that stabilizes the joint from moving in the wrong direction; hyperextension
Build Muscle, Be Healthy, and Some Braces
What are the ways to prevent knee injuries?
When a joint is stable, there is little swelling, and moderate tenderness
Moderate tearing, stable, medium swelling and moderate tenderness
Complete tearing, still stable, dull pain
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