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MUSC 253 Exam #2
Terms in this set (57)
the umbrella term to describe the folk and blues in uenced music of the psychedelic era.
the ardent followers of the Grateful Dead.
older ballrooms in San Francisco such as the Fillmore and Avalon that staged youth dances in the early years of the city's psychedelic movement
the Greenwich Village recording studio built by Jimi Hendrix in the late 1960s.
a naturally produced, sustained distorted squeal created when high-volume sound coming out of an ampli er is taken in by the pickup on the guitar (or a microphone) and then fed back into the amplfier.
refers to the renewed interest in folk music that occurred in the late 1950s after an earlier anti-Communist furor had pushed it underground.
fifties folk revival
a guitar technique rst popularized by Eddie Van Halen.
fret board tapping
a distorted tone that results when an electric guitar signal is processed through a fuzz box -
a commercially available electronic device that adds distortion to the incoming signal.
simple raw form of rock and roll created by amateurish American bands in the 1960s.
the district in San Francisco that became ground zero for the city's 1960s youth movement.
the term first coined by reporter Michael Fellon in 1965 to describe young people who wore long hair, headbands, tie-dyed shirts and bell-bottom pants.
a folk jam session where traditional folk songs are sung
band that features extensive musical improvisation in its performances and crosses genre boundaries.
the mountainous wooded area north of West Hollywood when many rock artists lived in the mid to late 1960s
short, recognizable melodic motives or phrases.
the chemical compound lysergic acid diethylamide, a mind-altering drug espoused by the hippie counterculture of the 1960s.
an early synthesizer capable of reproducing the sound of violins, cellos and utes on tape loops activated when keys were depressed.
the friends and followers of author Ken Kesey, who in 1965 and 1966 held a series of "acid tests", where LSD was distributed.
an early portable analog electonic synthesizer developed by D. Robert Moog.
one of the first large outdoor music festivals, held in Monterey, California in June 1967.
monterey international pop festival
an annual folk festival that was rst held in 1959 in Newport, Rhode Is- land.
newport folk festival
a two-note chord (using the root and the 5th of a chord) using distortion; a common characteristic of hard rock and heavy metal
a radio format from the late 1960s and early 1970s characterized by the playing of an electric mix of music, particularly long, non-commercial album cuts, usually accom- panied by low key, spaced-out DJ conversation.
progressive rock radio
a genre within art rock (and, later, progressive rock) that utilizes the musical style of rock in the operatic format.
summer 1967, a time at which the hippie era was at its peak.
summer of love
a lever attached to the bridge or tailpiece of an electric guitar that allows the player to vary the tension (and sometimes the length) of the strings; the result can include effects such as vibrato, pitch-bending, and portamento
the preeminent Los Angeles nightclub for folk music in the 1960s
the preeminent nightclub on Los Angeles' Sunset Strip
whisky a go go
the music festival held in Bethel, New York in August 1969 that drew an estimated audience 0f 450,000
woodstock music and arts festival
a loose collection of Los Angeles studio musicians often used by Phil Spec- tor and other producers in the early 1960s
the wrecking crew
how did folk music arise as one of the key musical trends of the early 1960's
how did Bob Dylan revolutionized folk music
He spoke about current events in his music which made his music relatable.
who were the leading innovators in the folk rock movement
The Byrds, Simon and Garfunkel
what was the San Francisco sound
it was psychadellic, louder to accomodate larger stadiums, and had an experimental sound (drugs).
why was the Jefferson Airplane an important band in the development of the San Francisco sound
How did the Grateful Dead introduce improvisation and other new technique into rock
what was the impact of Janis Joplin on the development of rock music
Breaking new ground for women in rock music
What groups and individuals outside of San Francisco played a role in the development of acid rock
Santana, Pink Floyd, The doors
how did the singer-songwriter movement evolve during the 1970s and 1980s
what is heavy metal
A louder sound, right in your face
how did British heavy metal evolve in the 1970s
what were the significant developments in American heavy metal in the 1970s
how has heavy metal evolved in the 1980s
how did art rock absorb classical music influence
why did some rock bands begin performing with orchestras in the early 1970s
produced a more epic performance
what was the impact of rock opera and other types of theatrical works
what is progressive rock, and how did it evolve out of art rock
"progressive rock" is characterized in particular by its employment of classically trained instrumental technique and symphonic textures, evolved from art rock bc art rock reflects a challenging approach to rock
characteristics of folk rock
aimed at young teens, softer dynamics, interesting contours, acoustic guitar with rock rhythm section
characteristics psychedelic rock
drugs were integral part, noncommercial, long free-form guitar improvisations, electronic effects
characteristics singer / songwriters
personal, confessional, narcissistic lyrics, solo artists recorded and performed with backup bands, outlet for women performers and their viewpoints, soft soothing music with acoustic guitars / pianos
characteristics of country rock
pedal steel guitar, 2 beat country rhythm, twangy vocal, rock rhythm section
characteristics of southern rock
harder edge than country rock, deep roots in the blues, twin dueling lead guitars, "good old boy" stereotype lyrical themes
characteristics of hard rock
blues riffs / power chords, more intense and bombastic, guitar players are focal point of group, lyrics do not include connections to satan / occult
characteristics of heavy metal
lyrics tied to satan / occult, more intense and bombastic than hard rock, blues riffs played by bass and guitar, baroque era influence
characteristics of art rock
predominant use of keyboards and synthesizers, use of classical forms (operas / concept albums), performers with classical music training, classical instruments (string orchestras, flutes, oboes)
characteristics of progressive rock
used musical language to create longer more complex works, influenced by minimalism, incorporated sound effects
characteristics of glam rock
flamboyant fashions and assaults on sexual conventions, specific performance image, shock value: glitzy / outrageous, costuming, glorification and celebration of androgynous sexuality
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