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On January 1, 1863, after more than eighteen months of civil war...

...Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.

Over 50,000 men died at Gettysburg. On November 19, 1863...

...Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of a cemetery at the battlefield.

Before sunrise on April 12, 1861...

...Confederate guns opened fire on Fort Sumter. It was the beginning of the Civil War.

Federal troops were sent into the border states, ...

...those between the North and the South, to help keep them in the Union.

The North suffered many defeats in the war, ...

...but their victory at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 was a major turning point.

On January 31, 1865, at Lincoln's urging, Congress proposed the Thirteenth Amendment, ...

...which made slavery illegal throughout the United States. It was ratified and took effect on December 18, 1865.

The issue of how the South would rejoin the Union remained unresolved...

...when Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865.

The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865...

...President Lincoln wanted to reunite the nation as quickly as possible.

When Lincoln was sworn in as president in 1861, ... states had already left the Union.

In his inaugural address, Lincoln promised not to end slavery where it existed...

...the federal government "will not assail [attack] you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors," he said trying to calm southerners' fears.

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