Chapter 15 People
Terms in this set (49)
best known of Methodist "circuit riders," went from Tennessee to Illinois converting people with loud voice and flailing arms.
Charles Grandison Finney
greatest of revival preachers. Was trained as a lawyer, but left to become an evangelist. Led massive revivals in NYC and along Erie Canal. Also devised "anxious bench" where sinners sat in public and encouraged women to pray aloud. Served as President of Oberlin College.
founded Adventists, who believed the 2nd coming was October 22, 1844.
Founded Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) after claiming to have received the book of Mormon from angels. Many people opposed Mormonism, however, and Smith was murdered.
Smith's successor; led Mormons to Utah. They made the desert bloom by using cooperation and irrigation.
Graduate of Brown University, campaigned for better schools/teachers.
Yale educated, wrote many textbooks for schools. Published his famous dictionary in 1828, helping to standardize the English language.
William H. McGuffey
teacher/preacher who published lessons in morality, patriotism, and idealism
Feminist who established Tory female seminary in NY.
established Mount Holyoke Seminar, in South Hadley, Massachusetts.
A New England teacher/author who petitioned for better conditions and treatment in asylums.
Leader of the American Peace society, campaigned for world peace.
Neal S. Dow
"Father of Prohibition," sponsored the Maine Law of 1851 that prohibited the manufacture and sale of liquor.
leader in Women's rights movement
leader in women's rights movement
Susan B. Anthony
most well known advocate for women's rights
first female graduate of medical school
retained maiden name after marriage
founded a communal society in 1825, seeking cooperation and human betterment. He eventually failed.
notable mathematician who wrote papers on practical navigation
Matthew F. Maury
oceanographer with writings on ocean winds and currents
pioneer chemist and geologist, taught and wrote at Yale
path-breaking student of biology. Insisted on original research.
published over 350 books/papers on Botany
John J. Audubon
naturalist and painter. Illustrated Birds of America.
John Humphrey Noyes
founder of the Oneida community. Wanted to create a perfect Christian community. Thought key to happiness was suppression of selfishness.
one of the best early American painters, went to Britain to paint
Charles Wilson Peale
painted 60 portraits of Washington
fought in Revolution and painted scenes from the war.
Stephen C. Foster
notable composer, published music capturing plaintive spirit of slaves.
first American to win international recognition as an author. His most famous book was The Sketch Book.
James Fenimore Cooper
first American novelist to gain world fame. Most famous book was Leatherstocking Tales, which included The Last of the Mohicans.
William Cullen Bryant
Poet and journalist famous for his poem "Thanatopsis" and for editing the New York Evening Post.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
best known Transcendentalist. Toured and lecture, most famous was "The American Scholar," where he urged American writers/artists to stop copying Europe and become more original and American.
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist poet and philosopher. Most known for Walden, a record of 2 years spent in a hut near Walden Pond.
American poet, most famous for his collection, Leaves of Grass. Dispensed with rhyme and meter, used a more frank style than most. Called the "Poet Laureate of Democracy."
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
taught languages at Harvard and was a very popular poet. Most famous for "Evangeline," "Song of Hiawatha," and "The Courtship of Miles Standish."
John Greenleaf Whittier
poet laureate of antislavery movement.
James Russel Lowell
distinguished essayist, critic, editor, poet, and diplomat. Famous for political satire in the Biglow Papers.
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Taught anatomy at Harvard, also a writer and poet. Most famous for "The Last Leaf."
Louisa May Alcott
female author, remembered for Little Women
lived as a recluse, but wrote many poems. Used universal themes of nature, love, death, and immortality.
William Gilmore Simms
A southern novelist, called "the Cooper of the South." Wrote about the south during the Revolution and frontier days, but his work was largely rejected by society.
Edgar Allen Poe
A gifted lyric poet, struggled with depression and attempted suicide. He wrote many horror stories and was fascinated by ghosts and demons. Could be considered to have invented the modern detective novel.
Author most known for The Scarlett Letter which chronicles the psychological effects of sin on the heroine, and The Marble Faun, which explored concepts of omnipresent evil and the past influencing the present.
Spent months on a whaler and among cannibalistic tribes, remembered for writing Moby Dick, a complex allegory of good and evil.
Secretary of the navy and helped found the naval academy at Annapolis in 1845. Called the "father of American History" for his published history of the United States.
William H. Prescott
Published classic accounts of the conquest of Mexico and Peru.
Chronicled the struggle between Britain and France for colonial dominance.