40 terms

Mars Fact Sheet

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aerobraking
The way a spacecraft can slow down by using atmospheric drag of a planet is called
Astronomical unit
The measuring unit for distances in the Solar System. One A.U.is equal to the mean distance from the Sun to the Earth (approximately 93,000,000 miles) is called
Minerals, Rocks, and Atmosphere
TES: The Thermal Emission Spectrometer instrument on the, Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft is studying what?
Field Integrated Design and Operations
FIDO: is short for:
Athena
The name of the long-range rovers that will be the rolling "field geologists" of the Mars is?
Pancam
The name of the camera that will be on the Athena rover. The name stands for panoramic camera. The name is?
airbags
The Mars Pathfinder used these to bounce into the Martian surface on July 4, 1997. This passive style landing is called?
The types of minerals in the rocks that were tested.
APXS: The Alpha Proton X-Ray Spectrometer instrument that was on the Sojourner and, Marie Curie rovers. This instrument was used to help detect what?
These are located at the North and South Poles of Mars and are composed of ice, water, and Carbon Dioxide ice.
What are Polar Caps?
California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona near Las Vegas, NV. FIDO was tested there.
Where is the Mojave Desert and what was tested there?
Navcam
The camera that is used to navigate (to help steer) the FIDO mid Athena ΥΟVΕΙS is called?
Drill into rocks to collect samples to be returned to Earth.
What is the mission of the Mini-Corer?
Mars' rocks and soils.
Mars Sample Return Missions was sent to help learn more about what?
Iron
Mossbauer Spectrometer is an instrument that detects what on Mars?
Sol
One day and night on Mars is called a(n)?
Aris Vallis
Scientists think this is an area on Mars that experienced a very large flood in its ancient history. Mars Pathfinder landed here on July 4, 1997.
NASA
What is the abbreviation for National Aeronautics and Space Administration?
Mars
Name the fourth planet from the Sun that is named after the god of war.
It will provide detailed pictures of the rocks to help with mineral identification.
What information will the Color Microscopic Imager help provide?
This mission collects data that will help us understand how high and low the mountains and valleys are, tell us about the minerals and rocks an the surface of the planet, take better pictures of the planet than we have ever had before, and reveal the magnetic history of the planet. This mission will carry the THEMIS, Marie Curie Rover and GRS instruments.
Why was the Mars Surveyor 2001 Mission sent up to Mars?
Olympus Mons
What is the largest volcano on Mars?
Valles Marineris
Name the longest canyon system on Mars.
687
How many Earth days make a Martian year?
Viking
Name the Mars missions (2 orbiters and 2 landers) that were sent to look for life on Mars in 1975-1976.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
What is the main component (over 95%) of the Martian atmosphere (air)?
Mars Pathfinder
The name of the Mars mission that landed July 4, 1997, to study rocks
25.5 degrees
What is the amount of tilt of the axis of Mars?
Sojourner Truth
Name the first rover on Mars, named after a Civil War slave who helped other slaves become free.
Mars Global Surveyor
This mission collects data that will help us understand how high and low the mountains and valleys are, the name of this spacecraft is?
1/2
The size comparison of diameters (ratio) of Mars to Earth is?
How tall or deep the features of the surface are.
MOLA: The Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter: An instrument that uses a laser bounced off the Martian surface to figure out what?
Taking pictures of Mars
MOC: The Mars Orbiter Camera is part of the Mars Global Surveyor Mission that does what?
Because of the red dust that covers the surface.
Why is Red Planet: The nickname of Mars?
37
The number of minutes that the Martian day is longer than an Earth day.
Phobos
Name the larger moon of Mars.
Magnetic Field
MAG / ER: The instrument on board the Mars Global Survey that will search for what around Mars?
Deimos
What is the name of Mars smaller moon?
The remote operation of a robotic device.
What are teleoperation?
Escape Velocity
The speed that any object must travel in order to escape the gravitational pull of a planet is called ____
Payload
Anything that a flight vehicle (like a spacecraft) carries beyond what is required for its operation during flight. This includes the scientific instruments and planetary rovers on the Mars missions, is called ____________