CAE Use of English Part 5 - Key word transformation
NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD YOU
You must never let anyone use your Identity Card SHOULD Under _________________________ let anyone else use your identity card.
HAS TAKEN OVER THE
The football club is now being run by an experienced accountant TAKEN An experienced accountant ____________________running of the football club.
THERE IS NO KNOWING
If he doesn´t get that job, who knows what he'll do! KNOWING If he doesn´t get that job, __________________ what he'll do!
HAVE GAINED ENTRY/ACCESS
It's possible that the burglars got into the building by forcing open a fire exit. GAINED The burglars may _____________by forcing open a fire exit.
IS CAPABLE OF WINNING
Many people believe that Edison has the ability to become world judo champion. CAPABLE Many people believe that Edison ___________________ the world championship in judo.
GIVE UP BASKETBALL CAME
I was disappointed to hear that Leo had decided not to play basketball any more. UP Leo's decision to __________________ as a disappointment to me.
BEING TAKEN FOR GRANTED
He thinks his friends do not appreciate him. GRANTED He dislikes __________________ by his friends.
TO GET MY PASSPORT RENEWED
My passport needs renewing because I´m going abroad this summer. GET I need ___________________________ because I´m going abroad this summer.
WAS WONDERING IF YOU WERE
Could I ask you if you'd mind looking after my dog while I'm away on holiday? WONDERING I _______________ willing to look after my dog while I'm away on holiday?
SEE NO POINT IN
Repairing that old computer is pointless in my view. POINT I can _________________ that old computer being repaired.
JUST AS MUCH FUN
Playing drums is fun , but so is singing in a choir. JUST It's ___________________ singing in a choir as it is playing the drums.
DENIED HAVING SEEN
Clara said that she had not seen the missing letter. HAVING Clara_____________________ the missing letter.
BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT
It's important to consider everyone's opinion before a final decision is made. ACCOUNT Everyone's opinion must _______________before a final decision is made.
IN THE COMPANY´S INTEREST
´The company benefits from looking after its customers,´said the chairman. INTEREST According to the chairman, it is ________________ to look after its customers.
GET THOSE BROKEN ROOF TILES REPAIRED
Kelvin should call in a builder to repair those broken roof tiles. GET Kelvin should ________________ by a builder.
HER DELIGHT, LUCY WAS
Lucy was very pleased to be given an award. DELIGHT Much to ________________ given the award.
SHE WOULD NOT WEAR
Fernanda refused to wear her sister's old dress. NOT Fernanda said that ____________________ her sister´s old dress.
FORGET TO KEEP IN TOUCH
'Remember to write or phone', Marta said as she waved goodbye to her friend. TOUCH ´Don´t__________________, ' Marta said as she waved goodbye to her friend.
ON THE LOOKOUT FOR
Police are warning people to check for forged notes which are currently in circulation. LOOKOUT Police are warning people to be______________ forged notes which are currently in circulation.
ARE BEING DRAWN UP TO
Apparently, they´re planning on rerouting the traffic to reduce congestion. DRAWN Plans _________________________ reroute the traffic to reduce congestion.
TO OUR HORROR, WE COULD SEE
We were horrified to see smoke coming out of the bedroom windows. COULD Much ______________ smoke coming out of the bedroom windows.
YOU RATHER I HAD NOT LET
Didn't you want me to tell the staff about your resignation? RATHER Would ___________ the staff know about your resignation?
WAS AT A LOSS TO EXPLAIN
Brian couldn't explain how the stolen computer got into the boot of his car. LOSS Brian ____________ how the stolen computer got into the boot of his car.
LIKELY TO RESULT IN
Some loss of support for the government is a likely consequence of these drastic measures. RESULT These drastic measures are _______________ the government losing some support.
HIGHLY LIKELY THAT THE FILM WILL
This film stands a very good chance of winning an award. HIGHLY It is ___________ win an award.
IS LIKELY THAT THE PARKING
The ban on parking in the city centre is probably going to be very unpopular. LIKELY It _____________________ ban in the city centre will be a very unpopular move.
ACTION ON THE PART OF
The police acted quickly and prevented a fight between rival groups developing. PART Quick ________________ the police prevented a fight between rival groups developing.
GET IT ACROSS TO HIM
How can I make him understand that I don´t want to see him any more? ACROSS How can I ______________________that I don´t want to see him any more?
WAS WONDERING IF/WHETHER YOU WOULD BE
Could I ask you if you'd mind looking after my dog while I'm away on holiday? WONDERING I _____________ willing to look after my dog while I´m away on holiday?
IS NO SUCH THING
Team spirit no longer exists after one member of a team makes a mistake. SUCH Once one member of a team makes a mistake there ____________ as team spirit.
(COMPLETELY) LOST TRACK OF
I´m sorry, I didn't realise it was so late. TRACK Sorry, I __________________________time.
IN THE UNLIKELY EVENT
It's not likely to happen but if you're not satisfied with the product we'll refund your money. EVENT _______________ that you are not satisfied with the product your money will be refunded.
WAS MADE RESPONSIBLE
They put Roger in charge of health and safety at the factory. MADE Roger_____________________for health and safety in the factory.
WAS TAKEN BY SURPRISE/ WAS TAKEN ABACK
I wasn't expecting my colleagues to organise a farewell party on my last day at the company. TAKEN I _________ when my colleagues organised a farewell party on my last day.
IN DANGER OF GETTING SACKED/FIRED
He's likely to lose his job if he keeps disagreeing with his boss. DANGER If he keeps disagreeing with his boss, he's _________________ from his job.
PLACED THE BLAME ON
The Government recently said our problems are the fault of the worldwide economic slowdown. PLACED The Government have _________________________ the worldwide economic slowdown for our problems.
HAD THE IMPRESSION
You led me to believe the job was mine if I wanted it. IMPRESSION I ___________________________________ that the job was mine if I wanted it.
EXPLAIN WHY SHE MADE
Hilary was asked to give an explanation for making the mistake. WHY Hilary was asked to _________________________ the mistake.
NO INTENTION OF GIVING
There is no way Lisa will give up her independence to get married. OF Lisa has_________________________up her independence to get married.
PAY ON TIME WILL RESULT IN
If you don´t pay on time, your booking will be cancelled. RESULT Failure to _______________________ your booking being cancelled.
IT IS TO COME UP
It's so difficult to create new ideas for the festival every year! COME How difficult_____________________ with new ideas for the festival every year!
EVERY CHANCE OF GETTING
The company is almost certain to get the contract. EVERY The company stands ________________ the contract.
WILL BE FOLLOWED BY
A short meeting of the cast will take place after today's rehearsal. BY Today's rehearsal _____________ a short meeting of the cast.
FEWER THAN SIX PEOPLE ARE REQUIRED
To help run the exhibition next month, we need at least six people. REQUIRED No _____________________to help us run the exhibition next month.
HESITATE TO CALL (US)/ HESITATE TO GIVE US A CALL
Feel free to telephone if you have any further problems. CALL Do not ___________________ if you have any further problems.
BE WEAK AT SPEAKING
A common belief is that British people cannot speak foreign languages very well. WEAK British people are commonly believed to _________ foreign languages.
COST YOU THE JOB
It is important to be well prepared for an interview because if you make a mistake, you may not get the job. COST A mistake in an interview may ___________________ so it is important to be well prepared.
SPENT FIVE MINUTES LOOKING
It took Layla five minutes to find her car keys. SPENT Layla_____________________ for her car keys.
CAME AS A SURPRISE TO
Phoebe was surprised to be offered a place on the course. CAME The offer of a place on the course ______________ Phoebe.
NO DENYING MY
I can´t deny that I was embarrassed to be given the award. NO There's _____________________ embarrassment at being given the award.
IF ANITA HAS BEEN
I think Anita must have gone on a diet recently because she's quite slim now. HAS It looks as ________________________ dieting because she's quite slim now.
TO PUT UP WITH ANY RUDENESS
Delia said that she would no longer tolerate her colleagues being rude. PUT 'I am not willing___________from my colleagues any longer, ' said Delia.
SURE HOW I WOULD HAVE REACTED
It's difficult to know what my reaction would have been in that situation. HOW I'm not___________________________ in that situation.
WITH HAVING A DISCUSSION ABOUT
At the beginning of the programme the panel of experts discussed the media and its importance in education. DISCUSSION The panel of experts started the programme____________________the media and its importance in education.
BROKE DOWN IN TEARS AS
Sarah cried her eyes out immediately she was told she's failed her driving test. BROKE Sarah _____________________ soon as she heard she'd failed her driving test.
HAVE ANY OBJECTION TO ME
Do you mind if I come over to see you later? OBJECTION Do you _________________ coming over to see you later?
LACK OF EXPERIENCE AFFECT HIS
Given that he has no experience, will Glyn be able to do this job? AFFECT Will Glyn's _____________________ ability to do this job?
(HAD) NEVER OCCURED TO US
At no time did we think that Pedro might be planning to leave the country. OCCURED It_________________________ that Pedro might be planning to leave the country.
HAVE TAKEN THE WRONG TURNING/TURN
I'm sure we went the wrong way at the last junction. TAKEN We must ___________________________________ at the junction.
WOULD LIKE TO HAVE CARRIED / WOULD HAVE LIKED TO CARRY
We wanted to continue our mountain trek but the weather was too bad. LIKE We _________________on with our mountain trek but the weather was too bad.
GO AHEAD ACCORDING
No changes will be made to this project. AHEAD This project will____________________ to plan.
MADE UP HIS MIND
Simon really ought to make a decision about his future. MIND It's high time Simon _______________ about his future.
IS HIGHLY SPOKEN
The company has a good reputation in the local area. HIGHLY The company ____________________________ of in the local area.
ON THE POINT OF LEAVING
Nadia's friend arrived just as she was about to leave the restaurant. POINT Nadia was just____________________________ the restaurant when her friend arrived.
I WOULD BE SURPRISED IF
I don't expect the company to make profit this year, given the economic climate. SURPRISED Given the economic climate, ________________________the company made a profit this year.
IN NO DOUBT
Barbara´s parents were certain that she would be a great tennis player. DOUBT Barbara's parents were ________________________________ that she would be a great tennis player.
HAVE ANY RECOLLECTION OF
My grandfather had completely forgotten that he phoned me last night. RECOLLECTION My grandfather didn't ___________________ phoning me last night.
TO PUT IN
Pay claims must be submitted before the end of the month. PUT You have ________________________ your pay claims before the end of the month.
NO CHANCE OF WINNING
It's very unlikely that martin will win the 100 metres, as he's out of training. CHANCE Martin has almost______________________ the 100 metres, as he's out of training.
TOOK NOTICE OF
Most of the children ignored what the teacher had told them. NOTICE Few of the children ___________________________ what the teacher had told them.
COUNT ON BEING
The company is unable to guarantee an allocated car-parking space to all employees. COUNT The company's employees shouldn´t ____________________ allocated a car-parking space.
UP HOPE OF FINDING
He no longer thinks he can find a job before the end of the year. HOPE He has given_______________________ a job before the end of the year.
A MATTER OF TIME BEFORE
I'm sure Jemma is going to become a famous model one day. MATTER I think it's only _________________________ Jemma becomes a famous model.
SEE THE POINT IN/OF LEARNING
I think learning to use a typewriter is a waste of time. POINT I can´t _______________________ how to use a typewriter.
MADE A FAST RECOVERY
Darius soon recovered after the operation on his knee and was able to rejoin the team. MADE After the operation on his knee, Darius _____________ and was able to rejoin the team.
DIDN'T USE TO LIKE
I always hated pasta when I was a child but now I cook it regularly. USE I _________________________ pasta when I was a child but now I cook it regularly.
HAVE MADE A POINT OF
It was a mistake not to write the telephone number down. POINT I should _______________________ writing down the telephone number.
MADE A NAME FOR
If Marc hadn´t taken up politics, he might have become a famous art historian. NAME If Marc hadn't taken up politics, he might have _______________________ himself as an art historian.
CAN AFFORD THIS HOLIDAY AS LONG
This holiday is withing our price range, provided we don't go to the expensive restaurants in the tourist centre. AFFORD We _______________________________ as we avoid the expensive restaurants in the tourist centre.
HANDED IN MY NOTICE
Yesterday I informed my boss in writing that I would be leaving the company. NOTICE I _________________________ to my boss yesterday.
AS ACCURATE AN ANSWER
He answered the judge's questions as accurately as he could. ACCURATE He gave ________________________ as he could to the judge's question.
LET ALONE COOK
Davina can't even boil an egg and so she certainly couldn't cook a whole meal. ALONE Davina can't even boil an egg__________________ a whole meal.