15 terms

US History Vocabulary #5

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Impeachment
Formal accusation of a crime or serious misconduct brought against a public official by a legislative body.
Veto
The rejection of a bill from the legislative branch by the executive branch
Override
Action taken by both houses of Congress to pass a law over the President's veto
Judicial Review
The power of the Supreme Court to decide the constitutionality of laws
Jurisdiction
The authority to interpret or enforce a law, often within a certain geographical area.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution that describe, for the most part, the civil rights of individuals.
Due Process (of law)
Refers to the procedure guaranteed to all citizens in the US Constitution, which provides them with their right to a fair trial.
Amendment
A change in the US Constitution.
Federalism
A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and local units, so that both have a degree of autonomy.
Separation of Powers
The idea of providing power to different branches of government; lawmaking to the legislative branch, enforcing to the executive branch, and interpreting to the judicial branch.
Delegated Powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money
Reserved Powers
Those powers that states have, not already delegated to the federal government.
Concurrent Powers
Powers shared by both the states and the federal governments, such as the power to tax.
Denied Powers
Powers that are specifically NOT allowed to either the federal or state governments.
Implied Powers
Powers assumed by the federal government that are assumed to be necessary and proper to carry out its delegated powers into effect.
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