Create an account
1536, wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion, creating the basic tenants of Calvinism, from Geneva
Challenged Puritan Church, banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony, went to Rhode Island, then New York. Antinomianism = a holy is life is no sure sign of salvation, so no need to bother obeying the law of God or man
Predestination, God decided who was going to heaven before birth, good works could not save you, led by John Calvin
Separatist, called for clean break with Church of England, challenged the legality of the Bay Colony's charter, denied authority of civil government to regulate religious behavior, escaped banishment by fleeing to Rhode Island
Agreement by Pigrim leaders from Mayflower to form a crude government and to submit to the will of the majority under the regulations agreed upon
Group of Separatists from Holland who negotiated with the Virginia Company to allow them to settle in New England to escape the Church of England, 1620, established Puritanism
those who, based on the beliefs of Calvinism, are predestined by God, and therefore lead holy lives to demonstrate this fact
The idea that, since the moment of creation, some souls, the elect, have been destined for eternal bliss, others for eternal torment
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1629, formed when a group of non-Separatist Puritans got a royal charter, with Boston as capital. Became largest and most influential New England outpost
First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, believed he had a "calling" from God to govern, "city on a hill"
Basically a modern constitution, established a regime democratically controlled by the "substantial" citizens, 1839
Includes PA, NY, & NJ, midway between New England and South in respects of landholdings, government, and industry & most diverse population
Dominion of New England
1686: Royal authority combined MA, RI, NH, & CT, headed by a royal governor, aimed at bolstering colonial defense against Indians & promoted efficiency of the English Navigation Laws
New England Confederation
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, New Haven, and other CT settlements banded together for defense against the French, Dutch, and Indians while Britain was at war. Also dealt with runaway servants or criminals. Each colony = 2 votes
religious reform that swept across Europe for more than a century. Ignited by Martin Luther. Influenced John Calvin.
Criticized the Church of England, fled to Massachusetts Bay Colony, defended government's duty to enforce religious rules
Group of English religious reformers who wanted a total purification of English Christianity. Later moved to the Netherlands, then to America on the Mayflower.
1688-1689 King James II left peacefully when Parliament asked him to resign, William III & Mary II took the throne without any war or bloodshed, other-throws Dominion of New England
Dutch East India Company
Chartered joint-stock company that controlled the spice trade in the East Indies
Dutch West India Company
Dutch investment company formed in 1621 with outposts in North America & Africa and a sugar industry in Brazil
Run by and for Dutch company in interest of the stockholders with a cosmopolitan population
Had disproportionate power, monopolistic land policies, & lordly atmosphere that retarded physical growth
prevented "ungodly revelers" from staging plays, playing cards, dice, games, and excessive hilarity
Lord De La Warr
Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians
Sir George Carteret
Him and Berkeley got half of NJ, his widow sold East New Jersey to William Penn and Quakers
1635: Dutch & English settlers founded, adopted Fundamental Orders (1st written Constitution)
After several ill-fated attempts at colonization in 1623 by Sir Ferdinando Gorges, it was added to the MA Bay Colony, home to mostly fishermen
Residue of Dominion
1691, MA made a royal colony, could no longer restrict vote to church-goers, more English officials with more power
King of England, against Puritans, pro-Church of England, punished Bay Colony by revoking charter, 1684, gave William Penn land grant, 1861
Second governor of the Plymouth Colony, in office for a total of 30 years, helped colony survive in America
Religious experience where God reveals to member of "elect" that he is predestined for heaven
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together