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33 terms

Social Studies Vocab Set One

STUDY
PLAY
social sanctions
rewards or punishment that encourage conformity to social norms
socialization
the process of learning to participate in a group
sociological imagination
the ability to see the link between society and self
stereotype
a distorted, exaggerated, or oversimplified image applied to a category of people
symbol
anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
values
broad ideas about what is good and desirable shared by people in society
appeasement
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
autonomous
Self-governing.
dictator
An absolute ruler.
dissident
A person who speaks out against the regime in power.
aristocracy
An upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another.
guerilla
A person who uses unexpected maneuvers like sabatoge and subterfuge to fight an enemy
disarmament
A limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons.
nationalism
The unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols.
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
reparation
Payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war.
socialism
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
totalitarian
A government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens.
absolute location
The exact position of a place on the earth's surface.
cultural hearth
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
ecosystem
The complex community of interdependent living things in a given environment.
ethnic group
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics.
functional region
A central point and the surrounding territory linked to it.
indigenous
Native to a place.
interdependent
Relying on one another for goods, services, and ideas.
population density
The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
population distribution
The pattern of population in a country, a continent, or the world.
region
A place united by specific characteristics.
rural
Of or relating to people who live in the country.
subsistence agriculture
Producing just enough food for a family or a village to survive.
urban
Of or located in the city.
supply
the amount of a product that would be offered for sale at all possible prices that could prevail in the market.
standard of living
the quality of life based on the possession of necessities and luxuries that make life easier.