22 terms

IC3 Spark Hardware Basics

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Desktop
The primary user interface of a computer. When you boot up your computer, this is displayed once the startup process is complete; it includes the icons of files and folders you have saved here.
Tower
The main part of the desktop computer. Sometimes called the "CPU" it contains the "brains" of the computer and houses all of the main components that make the computer work.
Monitor
The part of a desktop computer that displays text and graphics generated by the computer. Often called the "screen."
Keyboard
A set of keys for computer input.
Mouse
A pointing device that is used to move a cursor on the computer screen and to make various operations possible.
Laptop
Portable computers that you can take with you and use in different environments. They include a screen, keyboard, and a trackpad which serves as the mouse, and are powered by a rechargeable battery.
stylus
A pen-like pointing and writing device for handheld computers. Writes directly on the screen.
Smartphone
A mobile phone that includes advanced functionality beyond making phone calls and sending text messages; they have the capability to display photos, play videos, check and send e-mail, and surf the Web.
Input device
A peripheral used to enter commands or information into the computer; the most common ones are the keyboard and mouse
Output device
A peripheral through which information from the computer is communicated to the outside world; for example, a monitor, printer, or speakers.
Memory
Storage that remembers what is on a device; Measured in gigabytes; the more of this a device has, the faster the device is
Storage
Measured in gigabytes and terabytes; the more of this on a device, the more applications can be installed, and the more pictures, songs, etc., can be saved on the device. The fuller that this gets, the slower the device becomes.
Peripheral
Devices you connect to the computer, such as a printer, camera, or microphone
Driver
A program that must be installed for a peripheral device to work with the computer
Cellular connection
Use cell phone data signals (radio waves) to connect to the internet. They can be expensive
Wired connection
Cable connections between devices; can be reliable, fast, secure and consistent, but can also be expensive and limiting to where you can put devices since you must be plugged in
Wireless connection (wi-fi)
Connect to a central hub, usually within 200 feet, without wires.
Server
A computer that provides data to other computers. It may serve data to systems on a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN) over the Internet.
Flash drive
A small data storage device that uses flash memory and has a built-in USB connection.
USB
The most common type of computer port used in today's computers. It can be used to connect keyboards, mice, game controllers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, etc.
Hardware
The physical parts of a computer and related devices.
Software
A general term that describes computer programs; can also be called applications or "apps"