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18 terms

History Ch. 16

STUDY
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Black Codes
Laws by states and towns denying the rights of citizenship to free blacks after the civil war
Carpetbaggers
Northerners who were in the south, mostly Union soldiers whom stayed in the south after the war
Compromise of 1877
The Congressional settling of the 1876 election which made Repub. Hayes president, and in return gave Dem. control of Southern governments
Congressional Reconstruction
Name given to the period of 1867 - 1870, where the Repub. - dominated Congress controlled Reconstruction era policy
Field Order No. 15
Order by General Sherman in Jan. 1865 to give abandoned land on the Atlantic Southern Coast to Freedmen. Appealed later that year by Johnson
Fourteenth Amendment
Passe in 1866, guaranteed citizens civil rights before the law, outlawing black codes
Fifteenth Amendment
Passed in 1869, gave all men the right to vote, regardless of race
Freedmen's Bureau
Agency est. in 1865 to provide social, educational, and economic services, advice, and protection to former slaves and destitute whites. Lasted 7 years
Ku Klux Klan
A group that took the laws into their own hands, terrorizing blacks; formed by Confederate veterans in 1866
Scalawags
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
Sharecropping
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
Andrew Johnson
17th President after Lincoln's death; favored Lincoln's plan about being lenient to the South; later impeached
Wade Davis Bill
The Repub. ideal for reuniting the Union; required a majority of a states pre-war voters to pledge loyalty to the union and demanded black rights before the law; passed, but Lincoln pocket vetoed it
Election of 1872
Dem. Horace Greecy vs. Repub. Grant; Grant won and his presidency led to the fall of Radical Repubs. because of scandals
Military Reconstruction
Around 1867; Split South into 5 military districts; achieved 3 main Rad Repub goals - Freedmens right to vote, Repub control of Southern gov, and for South to accept the loss of the Civil War
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Prohibited discrimination in public places; overturned by Supreme Court in 1883
Impeachment of Johnson
Johnson removed Secratary of War Stanton w/o first getting Congress' permisssion, which went against the Tenure of Office Act
Election of 1876
Dem Tilden vs. Repub Hayes; was a tie which led to the Compromise of 1877; This election ended Reconstruction