Unit Three A New Nation Develops
Terms in this set (37)
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
a member or supporter of the Federalist Party.
major American political party of the early 19th century favoring a strict interpretation of the Constitution to restrict the powers of the federal government and emphasizing states' rights
A political leader of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; one of the Founding Fathers. signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was the second president, from 1797 to 1801, after George Washington.
- United States statesman and leader of the Federalists; as the first Secretary of the Treasury he establish a federal bank; was mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr (1755-1804)
Hamilton's 5 point plan
1.Creating a Bank of the United States w/ 20% of the stock owned by federal government and the other 80%n sold to American investors.
2.High protective tariff to partially finance government, but to primarily protect America's infant industries from competition
3.Excise Tax on whiskey and other "luxury item" to finance the federal government
4.Assumption of the State government debts
5.Funding at Par of the existing national debt
Bank of the united states
needed because the government had a debt from the Revolutionary War, and each state had a different form of currency. It was built while Philadelphia was still the nation's capital. handle the colossal war debt — and to create a standard form of currency.
the agreement in 1794 between England and the U.S. by which limited trade relations were established, England agreed to give up its forts in the northwestern frontier, and a joint commission was set up to settle border disputes.
a revolt of settlers in western Pennsylvania in 1794 against a federal excise tax on whiskey: suppressed by militia called out by President George Washington to establish the authority of the federal government.
an agreement in 1795 between Spain and the U.S. by which Spain recognized the 31st parallel as the southern boundary of the U.S. and permitted free navigation of the Mississippi to American ships.
GW's Farewell Address
The final address by George Washington to his fellow citizens as he was leaving the presidency. He wrote the address in 1796 but never delivered it. Washington discussed the dangers of divisive party politics and warned strongly against permanent alliances between the United States and other countries.
A tax, similar to a sales tax, imposed on some goods, especially luxuries and cars.
Proclamation of Neutrality
formal announcement issued by U.S. President George Washington in May 1793, declaring the nation neutral in the conflict between France and Great Britain. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to any country at war.
political and diplomatic episode in 1797 and 1798, early in the administration of John Adams, involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to an undeclared war called the Quasi-War.
alien and sedition acts
four bills that were passed by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798, the result of the French Revolution and during an undeclared naval war with France, later known as the Quasi-War.
kentucky and virginia resolution
were political statements drafted in 1798 and 1799, in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.
act of cancelling something.
election of 1800
first peaceful transition of power from one party to another. Politics had become more partisan between the Federalists, led by President John Adams, and the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson, who had been opponents in the previous election.
also known as the Tripolitanian War and the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two Barbary Wars between the United States and the four North African states known collectively as the "Barbary States".
Judiciary act of 1801
2 Stat. 89, or the Midnight Appointments) represented an effort to solve an issue in the U.S. Supreme Court during the early 19th century.
Madison vs. Marbury
A case decided by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall in 1803. The Court declared unanimously that a certain law passed by Congress should not be enforced, because the law was opposed to the Constitution. established the principle of "judicial review" — that the Supreme Court has the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.
a treaty signed with France in 1803 by which the U.S. purchased for $15,000,000 the land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.
the land included in this purchase.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
A journey made by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, to explore the American Northwest, newly purchased from France, and some territories beyond.
Embargo Act of 1807
general Embargo that made illegal any and all exports from the United States. It was sponsored by President Thomas Jefferson and enacted by Congress. The goal was to force Britain and France to respect American rights during the Napoleonic Wars.
While many nations at various times in history have employed a policy of impressment, the term is usually used in reference to Great Britain's Royal Navy.the act of impressing people or property into public service or use.
Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812.
a person who clamors for war; especially : a jingoistic American favoring war with Britain around 1812.
War of 1812
military conflict, lasting for two and a half years, fought by the United States of America against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies.
Treaty of Ghent
signed on December 24, 1814 in the city of Ghent, was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain
Battle of New Orleans
series of engagements fought between December 24, 1814, and January 8, 1815, together constituting the final major battle of the War of 1812.
fifth President of the United States. Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginian dynasty and the Republican Generation.
Era of Good Feelings
applied to the period in the United States corresponding with the term of President James Monroe, from 1817 to 1825. The phrase is believed to have been coined by a Boston newspaper shortly after Monroe took office.The basis for the phrase is that the United States, following the War of 1812, settled into a period of rule by one party, the Democratic-Republicans of Monroe (which had their roots in the Jeffersonian Republicans).
McCulloch vs Maryland
was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
a principle of US policy, originated by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US.
also known as the Transcontinental Treaty, the Florida Purchase Treaty, or the Florida Treaty, was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that ceded Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain (now Mexico).
Gibbons vs. Ogden
a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause
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