57 terms

study guide and literature

Explain why the workingmen are celebrating in the first scene. Why does Marullus reproach them
Caesar has defeated Pompey's son, and now he is coming home victorious. Now they have to switch their attention to Caesar instead of Pompey.
What is the setting of Scene 2? What warning does the soothsayer give Caesar, and what is Caesar's response
The setting if scene two takes place on another Rome street in February during the feastuu of Lupercal. The soothsayer gives a warning about the 15th of March. Caesar's response dismisses the soothsayer and he thinks he is a dreamer
Explain what Cassius wants to convince Brutus of in Scene 2.
Cassius wants to convince Brutus that Caesar will not be a good king. Needs to convince him that he should be killed. This is hard though because Brutus is good friends with Caesar.
Why does Caesar, in Scene 2, think Cassius is dangerous? What qualities disturb him
He finds him dangerous because he thinks to much, the qualities of a lean and hungry which disturbs him. Caesar doesn't like how Cassuis doesn't like to read and doesn't smile...
Describe what happens when Caesar is offered the crown, according to Casca in Scene 2?
When Caesar is offered the crown he declines it. He is offered three times and all three he turned it down. According to Casca he is reporting what he saw. Makes Caesar look humble. Mark Antony gives cases the crowns.
Caesar stands astride a world as a powerful ruler, yet he suffers many personal weaknesses. Various characters tell us what these are, and they say that a man who is as human as anyone else should not act like a god and rule the world. What exactly are Caesar's infirmities and weaknesses?
Caesar had an epilepsy, which is also known as the falling sickness. He also has a fever from and passes out. Caesar also doesn't know how to swim, he is arrogant at times. He is deft in one ear.
At the end of Scene 2, how does Cassius say he will pursue his plan to involve Brutus in the conspiracy against Caesar?
He will write letters with different hand writings to Brutus all favoring in Cassiuss opinion of Caesar. Plan to visit Brutus. Wants Brutus to read theses and they will say we are worried about Caesar about being king.
Believing that nature mirrors the disorders in human lives, Shakespeare heightens the atmosphere of terror as the conspirators gather to discuss their plans. What details in Scene 3 do you think evoke this sense of danger and terror?
The setting becomes more of a stormy atmosphere. Things are starting to become more serious by Cassius and he is starting to put his plans into work.
Who is the moving force, the protagonist who drives the action, in Act I? By the act's end, what steps has he taken to achieve his goal?
The protagonist in act one was Cassius. His goal is to kill Caesar and to do anything so that he will not become king. Cassius is trying to convince Brutus that he wills not a good king and that he should help kill him. Also Cassius is writing letters to Brutus in different handwriting so that it looks like different people are saying Caesar is bad and hopefully he will start to think in the same way.
How would you describe the play's conflict as it is established in Act I?
The conflict in Act one is external and it could be man verse man. This is because Cassius is against the people who think Caesar would be a good king especially Brutus.
Shakespeare uses even minor characters in this act to set up the basic situation of the play and to foreshadow future conflicts and events. Explain what you learn from this act about the moods and loyalties of the Roman mob. Do you think it is like any other large group of people?
The moods changes with what is popular. Now the people support Caesar instead of Pompey. This is also a little like voters.
A healthy republic requires a reasonably intelligent and responsive citizenry. Throughout this play, the people of Rome are described as "trash" or worse. Point out passages in Act I where various nobles express their contempt for the common people. How does this make you feel about these characters? Do the people seem to deserve a republic?
Some of the lines say they are trash and rubbish. The lines that this is said are lines 110-115. Calls them idle creatures. This is telling me that the characters have a strong feeling towards what they believe and want. They have strong feelings toward the Romans. The senators that are greedy do not deserve a republic, but I think the people who are nice about it could have a republic. The nobles and the senators make fun of the people.
Cassius tells Brutus several anecdotes about Caesar in Scene 2. What is Cassius implying through these stories? What do you think of the techniques Cassius uses to persuade Brutus to turn against Caesar? Do you see any serious flaws in his reasoning?
Cassius is still trying to convince the general public that Caesar will not be a good king and he is now giving specific reasons why. I think Cassius uses good techniques to persuade Brutus to turn against Caesar. Overall I think his plan will work and the king will not be Caesar. The only flaws that I can see happening are when he finds all of the letters in his house or rooms. I personally think it would be a little strange getting 4 letters the same day on the same topic. Once he finds out it is cassius Brutus will go charge Cassius.
14. Do you have any conflicting feelings about Caesar during this act? Describe your impression of his character
I think Caesar is just going along with the whole situation. I also think he wants everyone to see him as a humble person, but in reality we know he isn't and he is a bit fickle. We as the reader know he wants the crown to be a king but he wants the crowd to be more sympathetic. Caesar is a little snobbish because he acts like he doesn't want to receive the crowns. He also does not want to believe any superstitions unless it applies to his life
1. Look back at his soliloquy at the beginning of this act and list the reasons Brutus gives for killing Caesar.
Brutus has a soliloquy which is when you are along on stage and Brutus is speaking his thought and feelings out alone. Brutus is talking about Caesar, and he doesn't know why he should kill Caesar except for the common people. He doesn't have anything personally against him.
2. Who proposes the murder of Antony? Why does Brutus oppose it?
Cassius wants to kill mark antony. Brutus opposes it because if we kill Caesar then nobody else will do anything.
3. What does Portia demand of her husband in Scene 1
She wants to know the secrets that Brutus is keeping about Caesar. She is getting frustrated toward Brutus because of him doing this to her. She wants to know why she can't sleep. He tells her that she will tell her but someone knocks at the door and the conversation got interrupted
5. What does Calphurnia try to persuade her husband to do in Scene 2?
She tries to tell him to not go to the capital and to act sick.
6. Describe Calphurnia's dream. Explain why Decius's interpretation of the dream persuades Caesar to go to the Senate
Her dream was wars in the skies and a statue of Caesar poring blood
7. According to Scene 3, what chance still exists that the assassination plan won't work?
It is a small chance because someone is warning Caesar.
8. Explain Brutus's opposition to swearing an oath in Scene 1, lines 125-151. Describe the character traits that you think emerge in this speech
He didn't want to be held accountable for Caesar death. Brutus wants show trust because his ancestors didn't have to swear an oath when they took down the monarchy.
9. Describe the complexities of Caesar's character in this act. Does he seem to be a monstrous tyrant, as the conspirators feel he is, or does he seem sympathetic? Explain your answer.
He seems sympathetic because he is nice to other people and some of the people in the conspiracy. He was sympathetic to his wife because she was worried about him and her dreams. But he is also sometimes a little selfish. At first he was a tyrant because he thought the idea was crazy.
10. Shakespeare uses thunder and other sounds indicating storms and tempests in order to suggest cosmic disorders and conflicts. In this act, what cosmic disorders is the thunder signifying?
The thunder is symbolizing the suspense, because we know as the reader that Caesar will be murdered soon. Shows that the conspiracy is ready to strike. If Caesar were to find out than there plan would be spoiled
11. Describe how Shakespeare creates and builds suspense during Scenes 3 and 4. What questions are you left with as the act ends?
I am confused with all of the different characters that came in at the end of the acts.
1. In Scene 1, there is still a change that the conspiracy might be foiled. Explain why Artemidorus fails to get Caesar to read his warning
Artemidorus wants Caesar to read this letter but Caesar just thinks he is crazy and he refuses. He didn't think it was very important.
2. What petition serves as an excuse for the conspirators to gather around Caesar immediately before his assassination?
To bring back meticullus's exiled brother
3. In Scene 1, why does Cassius argue against allowing Antony to speak at Caesar's funeral? What reasons does Brutus give for overruling him?
Cassius only allows Antony to bring the body in to the funeral. He doesn't want him to give a speech because he fears what he will say.
4. For a moment after the assassination, the action seems to stop. The protagonists (Brutus, Cassius, and the other conspirators) have achieved their goal. But soon the protagonist who is to drive the rest of the play appears. Who is this protagonist, and what does he want?
The protagonist in antony and he wants to talk at the funeral of caesar
5. What does Antony disclose to the crowd concerning Caesar's will in Scene 2? Describe the crowd's reaction
The crowd was upset and a bit mad because they really wanted to know what the will said. Tells them that Caesar gave everyone something in his will, and he has left them money, and private gardens, and parks. The crowd was excited and now he will want revenge against the conspirators.
6. What could Antony's speech (lines 82-276) foreshadow about events in the second half of the play? I
the people who killed Caesar will pay for it when they risk there own lives. He wants revenge. This is when he shook the hands of the people.
7. In Antony's funeral oration in Scene 2, how does he manage to abide by the agreement with Brutus and Cassius and still destroy the conspirators' reputations? How does he shrewdly manipulate the Roman mob?
The conspirators tell Brutus that he is not going to tell them the exact reasons. he will not talk bad about Brutus, and he called them honorable men and uses sarcasm
8. Which speech is more effective—Brutus's or Antony's? Explain.
I think antonys speech is more effective because I think he is more persuading at times, and he keeps the plebeians involved with him and the plans he has.
n Scene 3, what happens to Cinna the poet? What does this action reveal about the mob?
Cinna the poet is stopped and asked many questions. This shows people are very worried at this point.
10. In Act III, what can be considered the turning point, the point at which the protagonist's fortunes begin to change?
I think when antony tells the plebeians the will is when the turning point happens and mark antony is now the protagonist. Brutus choice to let antony speak
1. Describe the military situation as it is presented in Act IV. What is going on between the conspirators and the triumvirate?
Brutus and Cassius are on the run in exile, and they leave Rome and get an army to fight the other triumvirate. There is now a second triumvirate that consists of Antony, Octavios, and lupidus. Brutus, Cassius, conspirators verse Antony and other two.
2. As Scene 1 opens, what are Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing? What breach has opened in the triumvirate?
They are making a list of those who they are going to kill. Octavius thinks he is a strong ruler. Antony is making Lepidus out.
3. What is Brutus uneasy about at the beginning of Scene 2
He knows he is going to be murdered. Brutus is beginning to doubt Cassius.
4. Describe the issues that cause Brutus and Cassius to quarrel in Scene 3
Brutus accused Cassius of taking bribes. The money, gold. Cassius denies it and says that's not true, Brutus asks Cassius to send him gold to pay his soldiers and Cassius denies it. That is not accurate to Cassius. Cassius says he is more experience and better as a soldier, he didn't necessarily mean that, he didn't really mean that. And Brutus takes it in a negative way because they are fighting
5. According to Brutus, what were the reasons for Portia's death? How does he respond to her death?
He doesn't show much emotion in the general public however he will express it when he is alone and private. Portia died because of swallowing burning coals, just like she stabbed herself in the thigh to prove that she could keep Brutus's secrets. She kills herself because she knows that Brutus has to leave. She fears for Brutus's life. She knows it isn't looking good for Brutus. He is a stoic he Brutus doesn't show that emotion and that he will deal with it later
6. Brutus and Cassius disagree over military strategy. Who finally gives in
Cassius finally gives in. Brutus's strategy is to go meet Antony to philipi and octavious. Cassius has more power as a soldier and wants to wait for antony and octavious to come to them. He wants them to be weak when they arrive and they will have more of an advantage.
7. What does the Ghost report will happen in the future?
The Ghost of Caesar has appeared to him on the battlefield, he says, and he believes that the time has come for him to die. He will see brutus at philipi
8. How is Antony characterized by his actions and words in Scene 1? Is this characterization consistent with earlier characterization of him?
Antony is taking charge, ambitious, calculating, cruel in scene one. He has already decided to kill many people. His characterization has changed because in the beginning of the play he is friendly and waiting to help a friend, but now he is all powerful and is using that with him. Power can change people usually for the worse.
9. Brutus and Cassius have been friends throughout the play, with Cassius clearly the subordinate. In Scene 3, they quarrel with each other. How is their conflict resolved? What has become of their friendship by the end of the scene?
They have ment all of their anger towards each other, brutus can not stay made at cassius, and he apologized for all of his words. By the end they resolve their conflicts and are still strongish in friendships
10. How do you interpret each character's behavior in this quarrel? From what does their conflict stem?
Brutus and cassius have a conflict over lucius pella. Cassius thinks lucius pella is a good guy overall, and towards the end of the play there s a lot of misunderstanding.
11. What reason does Brutus give for summoning Varro and Claudius into his tent in Scene 3? What other dramatic purpose does their presence serve in this scene
His servant is tired so he is going to watch over and take his messages to Cassius. Brutus then questions all of them about the ghosts, and the purpose it to let the audience know that Brutus is feeling the guilt and he is the only one who knows about the ghost. They are playing instruments because they have downtime, and there Is also a poet, to relax before this big battle.
12. Give examples of two contrasting sides of Brutus. How is he with Cassius? With the boy Lucius and the guards?
brutus he is harsh and overbearing, boy lucius he is kind, and fathering
13. Comment on the significance of the Ghost's appearance. What emotional tone do you think this use of the supernatural gives to this scene?
No matter how right he thinks he was to murder Caesar he is still feeling guilty, and he has blood on his hands but not literally anymore. The ghost is not going away. Cassius and Brutus will probably kill themselves in the next act. It was better to just kill yourself
1. Name the four characters who finally confront each other in the first scene of Act V
Brutus, Cassius, Antony and Octavius
2. Explain what Brutus wishes for at the end of Scene 1.
Wishes he knew how the battle would end.
3. As the battle is waged, both sides achieve mixed results. Explain who triumphs over whom?
At this point Brutus is winning over Octavius and Antony is beating Cassius
4. What events and mistaken assumptions lead to Cassius's suicide?
Cassius kills himself so that he will not be taken away and he thinks titinus has been captured, but really he hasn't??
5. Explain why Lucilius behaves as he does in Scene 4. Describe Antony's reaction when Lucilius is captured
Lucilius is pretending to be Brutus so that the people stop looking for Brutus. Antony tells the soldiers to be nice to him. He wants to protect him.
6. Summarize the reasons Brutus gives for his suicide.
He has one of the soldiers hold it and then he ran into it. He sees the Ghosts of Caesar again and the ghost tells him information that will threaten him.
7. Describe how Antony and Octavius react to Brutus's death
They say he was the most noble Roman and that his funeral will be great. Antony says some nice words about Brutus in the end of the play. Antony actually means everything he says.
8. Shakespeare knew from his study of Plutarch that the young Octavius, Julius Caesar's great-nephew and adopted son, would eventually eliminate his rival, Antony, and consolidate his rule of the Roman Empire under the title Augustus Caesar. In Scene 1 of this act, what are the hints that Octavius is beginning to assert himself? What is the significance of Octavius delivering the final speech of the play?
Octavius challenges the power, and octavius is potentially a threat to Antony
9. Identify two of the ancient philosophies referred to in Scene 1 of this act. Are their similar codes of behavior today
Epicurus, eat drink and be merry Cassius in line 76 and Brutus's philosophies was hyystoic which is showing no emotion
10. Identify at least three examples of irony in scene 3
Dramatic irony-Cassius sends Titinius out into the field and thinks that it is his fault that he got captured. Cassius kills himself because he thinks that it is his fault that Titinius got captured, but he didn't. When Pindarius is looking into the distance but he can't see that far either, and the mistaken is that Titinius has been taken of his horse, and Cassius kills himself because he felt bad that he send Titinius out into the enemy, but really he was taken off the horse by friends in celebration. Pindarius just leaves when Cassius kills himself. Titinues comes back wanting to tell him the good news and now that Titinues feels bad and he ends up killing himself. The victory reef has become the funeral reef- situational irony