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169 terms

Compound Words, Suffixes, Prefixes & Root Words

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Idiopathic
Idio/Pathic
Arthrology
Arthro/logy
Angiography
Angio/graphy
Protoplasm
Proto/plasm
Neoplasm
Neo/Plasm
Microscope
Micro/scope
Craniotomy
Cranio/tomy
Morphology
Morpho/logy
Hysterosalpingography
Hytero/salpingo/graphy
Centesis
Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
ectomy
excision of an organ or a part
lysis
process of loosening, freeing or destroying
plasty
surgical repair
pexy
surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-algia
Pain
-cele
hernia
-edema
swelling, excess fluids
-emesis
vomiting
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-malacia
soft, softening
-main
excessive, preoccupation
-megaly
englargement
-oma
tumor or mass
-osis
condition
-pathy
disease
-penia
deficiency
-phobia
abnormal fear
-plasia
development or function of
-ptosis
prolapse
-rrhage, rrhagia
excessive bleeding
-rrhea
flow or discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-spasm
twitching, cramp
-scopy
visual exam with a lighted instrument
-stomy
formation of an opening
-tome
in instrument used for cutting
-tomy
the operation of cutting; incision
-tripsy
surgical crushing
prefix- a/an
prefix meaning: without
prefix- ante
prefix meaning: before
prefix- aterio
prefix meaning: relationship to arteries
prefix- bi, di
prefix meaning: two
prefix- chol
prefix meaning: bile or biliary
prefix- dys
prefix meaning: bad, painful or abnormal
prefix- epi
prefix meaning: upon
prefix- endo
prefix meaning: within / inside
prefix- erythro
prefix meaning: red
prefix- extra
prefix meaning: ouside of
prefix- hemi, semi
prefix meaning: half, partly
prefix- hemo
prefix meaning: blood
prefix- hepat/o
prefix meaning: liver
prefix- hyper
prefix meaning: overactive / increased function
prefix- hypo
prefix meaning: under active or reduced in function
prefix- hyster
prefix meaning: uterus
prefix- inter
prefix meaning: between
prefix- intra
prefix meaning: within
prefix- macro
prefix meaning: large
prefix- mamm, mast
prefix meaning: breast
prefix- micro
prefix meaning: small
prefix- mono, uni
prefix meaning: one
prefix- multi, poly
prefix meaning: many
prefix- myo
prefix meaning: muscle
prefix- neuro
prefix meaning: relationship to a nerve
prefix- nulli
prefix meaning: having no value
prefix- peri
prefix meaning: around
prefix- pneumo
prefix meaning: air, breath or lung
prefix- primi
prefix meaning: first
prefix- pyelo
prefix meaning: pelvis of the kidney
prefix- quad, quadric, tetra
prefix meaning: four
prefix- thrombo
prefix meaning: relationship to clot formation
prefix- tri
prefix meaning: three
prefix- vao/o
prefix meaning: vessel
root word: aer/o
Root Word Meaning: air
Word Association: Aerobiosis, life requireing free oxygen
Root word: amyl/o
Root Word Meaning: starch
Word Association: amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch
Root word: blast/o
Root Word Meaning: embryonic
Word Association: Blastogenesis, development of an individual
Root word: blephar/o
Root Word Meaning: eyelid
Word Association: Blepharoptosis is sagging of the upper eyelid.
Root word: Cardi/o
Root Word Meaning: heart
Word Association: a cardiac arrest is a heart attack
root word: chir/o
Root Word Meaning: hand
Word Association: writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm
root word: crypt/o
Root Word Meaning: hidden
Word Association: cryptogenic, obscure or doubtful origin
root word: cry/o
Root Word Meaning: cold
Word Association: cryoablation, removal of tissue with extreme cold
root word: fibr/o
Root Word Meaning: fiber
Word Association: fibrous, containing, consisting of, or resembling fiber.
root word: glyc/o
Root Word Meaning: sugar
Word Association: Hypoglycemia, blood sugar levels to low
root word: hemat/o
Root Word Meaning: blood
Word Association: Hematocyturia, is presence of blood in the urine.
root word: lact/o
Root Word Meaning: milk
Word Association: lactation is the secretion of milk
root word: lip/o
Root Word Meaning: fat
Word Association: lipids are fats or fatlike materials
root word: lith/o
Root Word Meaning: stone calculus
Word Association: Lithocystotomy, incision of the bladder to remove stones
root word: muc/o
Root Word Meaning: mucus
Word Association: Mucus membranessecrete mucus
root word: myc/o
Root Word Meaning: fungus
Word Association: Mycology is the science and study of fungi
root word: optic/o
Root Word Meaning: vision
Word Association: Optical refers to vision. Optometrist examines the eyes.
root word: orth/o
Root Word Meaning: straight, normal
Word Association: Orthopedics, restoration of the skeletal system.
root word: oste/o
Root Word Meaning: bone
Word Association: Osteoarthritis, type of arthritis, involves bones and joints
root word: pharmac/o
Root Word Meaning: drugs/ meds
Word Association: Medicines dispenced from a pharmacy
root word: phon/o
Root Word Meaning: voice
Word Association: Phonocardiography, graphic representation of heart sounds
root word: prote/o
Root Word Meaning: protein
Word Association: Proteinuria, excessive proteins in urine
root word: Pyr/o
Root Word Meaning: fire
Word Association: Pyromaniacs enjoy setting fires, or watching them.
root word: therm/o
Root Word Meaning: heat
Word Association: thermometer, used to determine temperatures.
Acute
meaning: a short term condition of a severe nature
Aneurysm
meaning: A dilation or sac formed in the walls of an artery or vein
Anterior
meaning: located in front of
Apnea
meaning: Cessation of the breathing impulse
Arteriography
meaning: Radiographic examination of the arterial system by introduction of contrast media
Asymptomatic
meaning: showing no symptoms
Atrophy
A defect or failure of nutrition manifested as a wasting away in the size of a cell, tissue or organ.
Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion of the lung at birth or collapse of the adult lung
Bilateral
Of, pertaining to or having two sides: affecting both sides equally
Bronchiestasis
abnormal dilation or expansion of the bronchial tree
Cardioangiography
Recore of the blood vessels of the heart
Chronic
A condition of long duration not usually severe. The opposite of acute
Cyanosis
Any bluish discoloration of the skin, nail beds and/or lips due to an oxygen dificiency or blood flow dificiency.
Dextrocardia
Transposition of the heart to the right side of the thorax.
Distal
Located far from the origin or line of attachment
Dysplasia
Abnormal development
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing
Erythema
A general redness of the skin due to capillary rupture.
Fibrosis
(pulmonary) thickening of fibrous tissue of the lung
Hematoma
an abnormal localized collection of the blood in which the blood is clotted or partially clotted.
Hemoglobin
The O2 carrying red pigment of the red blood cells
Hydrocephalus
Abnormal volume of intracranial fluid
Hypertrophic
Increased growth
Hypertrophy
Enlargement of an organ such as the heart seen in certain diseases.
Hypoxia
Low oxygen content or tension
Inferior
Situated under or beneath
Medial
relating to, situated in or extending towards the middle; closest to midline.
Myocarditis
Inflammation of the myocardium
orthopnea
inability to breath unless in an upright position
Pneumothorax
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that may occur spontaneously, as a result of trauma, pathological process, or can be introduced deliberately- either traumatic (caused by injury) or spontaneous (caused by a weak area in the lung wall called blebs).
proximal
Nearest, closest to
reflux
a backward or reverse flow (of fluids)
Reguargitatin
The backward flowing of blood into the heart or beween the chambers of the heart.
Stenosis
A constriction of any tubular structure
Subluxation
Partial or incomplete dislocation of bony structures
Superior
Located above, higher
Syndrome
A group of symptoms that occur together regularly for example: Weakness, nausea, fever, 3 day flu syndrome
Tracheo-Esophageal fistula-
an opening between the trachea and esophagus. This condition allows the ingestion of food into the lungs.
Abbreviation: a`
abbreviation meaning: pre
abbreviation: ABD
abbreviation meaning: Abdomen
abbreviation: ASAP
abbreviation meaning: As soon as possible
abbreviation: C
abbreviation meaning: Centrigrade
abbreviation: -c
abbreviation meaning: with
abbreviation: cc
abbreviation meaning: cubic centimeter
abbreviation: CHF
abbreviation meaning: congestive heart failure
abbreviation: cm
abbreviation meaning: centimeter
abbreviation: COPD
abbreviation meaning: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
abbreviation: CS
abbreviation meaning: Cervical Spine
abbreviation: EEG
abreviation meaning: Electroencephalogram
abreviation: ECG/EKG
abreviation meaning: Electrocardiogram
abreviation: F
Fahrenheit
abreviation: FLK
Flank
abreviation: FX
Fracture
abreviation: `P
Post
abreviation: AP
Anterior / Posterior
Abreviation: Cxr
abreviation meaning: Chest X-ray
abreviation: IV
abreviation meaning: Intravenous
abreviation: LAT
abreviation meaning: Lateral
abreviation: L
abreviation meaning: Left
abreviation: ml
abreviation meaning: Milliliter
abreviation: NPO
abreviation meaning: Nothing by mouth
abreviation: Port
abreviation meaning: Portable
abreviation: PRN
abreviation meaning: as needed
abreviation: psi
abreviation meaning: pounds per square inch
abreviation: R/O
abreviation meaning: Rule out
abreviation: R
abreviation meaning: Right
abreviation: `s
abreviation meaning: without (also `O)
abreviation: SOB
abreviation meaning: short of breath
abreviation: STAT
abreviation meaning: Immediately
abreviation: URI
abreviation meaning: upper repiratory infection
abreviation: Y/O
abreviation meaning: year old
abreviation: Hx
abreviation meaning: history (patient)