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Blur: Chapter 4
Terms in this set (14)
What is straight news?
Straight news is content that offers us new facts about what happened what was learned yesterday, or what is scheduled to take place today; simple recitation of facts. (pg. 61)
What is the Q of the story?
The added element to the five W's and one H: any questions raised about the event (in the audience's mind? Are those questions mentioned in some way?) May be the most important part as it opens further inquiry.
What is journalism's ultimate purpose?
Is the deliberation of public life.
What should you look at to know if a story is ultimately complete?
Journalism that has the humility to ask questions that can't yet be answered, that acknowledges what it does not know, and that does not infer conclusions it can't prove.
What is the role of facts in the journalism of assertion versus journalism of affirmation?
Assertion: incomplete and fragmentary; facts lack the whole picture.
Affirmation: stories move too quickly to speculation and opinion, creating an absence of facts, or careful cherry picking of facts, to make a simple case.
What is the trend in the amount of straight news coverage in the media?
A shrinking amount, even from traditional content providers
When did newspapers switch toward sense-making news? Why?
In the 1960's; because it was no longer sufficient for a morning newspaper to repeat what people had heard the anchor say on TV the night before.
What is sense-making news?
Includes stories that don't just tell you what was said yesterday, but how what was said relates to previous statements, their meanings, and potentially changing meanings. Adds a new element that helps facts take on a greater and deeper meaning. (pg. 65)
Examples of Sense Making News:
Washington Post story →explained why people might not be able to identify the names of George W. Bush's cabinet members in his second term → president's agenda has been narrowed and most key decisions are now being made in the West Wing.
New York Times story → woman who supports abortion, but after genetic testing still decides to carry her Down syndrome baby to term → explains how genetic testing can defy expectations.
Jessica Lynch (pgs. 67-68)
What are authentication stories?
Try to sort out for the audience what can or can't be believed about past events; primary purpose is not to provide new facts to help derive new meaning, but to verify facts so that audiences can determine what facts or competing claims they can trust; stories about proof , trying to prove a case → must be enough evidence
Examples of authentication stories:
PolitiFact: project of the Washington bureau launched to monitor the accuracy of the candidate's rhetoric during the 2008 presidential election but has gone on to fact-check the political debate in general (pg. 69).
ProPublica: media watchdog project called Eye on the Stimulus-represented a whole body of authentication reporting investigating the impact of the government spending package designed to stimulate the economy; focused on job creation, spending, transparency at the federal, state, and local levels.
Swine flu false report: 29 cases vs. hundred thousand actually reported.
What is new-paradigm reporting? Give examples.
Goes beyond a single situation or event; involves sifting through larger shafts of data and finding bigger patterns in events, institutions, or settings.
Examples: Work that John Crewdson does, Malcolm Gladwell's work in the New York Times, football concussions and how they have shaped new design of gear, "Drive to Distraction" by Matt Richtel documenting the dangers of talking/texting while driving
What is watchdog of prosecutorial journalism? Give examples.
Classic notion of investigative reporting, deeply embedded into journalism's history; usually reporting that something isn't as it should be, requires high levels of transparency, greater detail about sources and methods to validate its independence as a piece. High proof → highly prosecutorial nature; could be years or months of building a case
Example of watchdog of prosecutorial journalism:
Mistreatment of veterans at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in 2008, Connections between sedative thalidomide and birth defects, Unsafe contraceptives, Spying of General Motors on Ralph Nader
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Blur: Chapter 3
Blur: Chapter 5
Blur: Chapter 1
Blur: Chapter 6
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Blur: Chapter 8