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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
mrdgeography absolutism vocabulary
Terms in this set (25)
king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715).
Peter the Great
Russian Tsar who embarked on a program of westernization. He imported western ideas and technologies to Russia.
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658).
King of England (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which he was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649.
King of England (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism.
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles.
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
English political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness and greed of human beings (1588-1679).
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755).
French philosopher from 1712-1778 who believed that people are naturally good, but are corrupted by society. He believed the best government was limited and elected by the people.
French philosopher and playwright during the Enlightenment who advocated religious tolerance, freedom of speech, and an end to slavery.
King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. He was executed in 1793.
revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799.
Age of Enlightenment
Eighteenth century period of scientific and philosophical innovation in which people investigated human nature and sought to explain reality through rationalism, the notion that truth comes only through rational, logical thinking. This period formed the basis of modern science.
Johann Sebastian Bach
renowned organist and composer who perfected baroque style
Austrian composer and child prodigy who died at 35.
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)
Congress of Vienna
conference held in 1815, among European diplomats that had the purpose of restoring order and stability to Europe after the Napoleonic Era
Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule
a comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon
was an important leader of the Haïtian Revolution and the first leader of a free Haiti. In a long struggle again the institution of slavery, he led the blacks to victory over the whites and free coloreds and secured native control over the colony in 1797, calling himself a dictator.
device used to execute people during the French Revolution
Reign of Terror
a phase of the French Revolution when those opposed to the Revolution were executed
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