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Integrating Technology, Informatics, and the Internet Into Nursing Education, Ch. 23
Terms in this set (59)
Hospital information systems available to faculty and students in clinical environment
Hospital Information Systems
Information management systems are used by hospital nurses to organize patient information data, monitor laboratory and imaging test reports, and for clinical decision support, computerized order entry, and medication administration
Information management systems are used to track budgets and supplies and enhance compliance with standards for quality improvement, regulatory requirements, and best practice recommendations.
Use data from EHR and patient census records to efficiently organize patient care and monitor patient safety.
must receive proper education in using these resources to extract data and maximize use of the available technology
Nurses at the point of care are among the primary stakeholders using these systems and should be engaged early in development to provide input into design.
One role of the nurse educator is to ensure this happens, and that nurses participating in architecture and design are knowledgeable about the potential of computer information systems.
One role of the nurse educator is to ensure the nurses role, and that nurses participating in architecture and design are knowledgeable about the potential of computer information systems.
Need to incorporate content regarding data protection, data security, and patient confidentiality with both initial implementation and on-going educational updates
Computer generated care plans or maps
Enable nursing students to devote time for analysis of data that was once spent writing care plans.
Benefits of academic applications
Time to analyze clinical information, especially adequate time to compose care plans or review critical pathways
Enables review of plans of care with faculty or hospital nursing staff prior to entry into the system
Increases knowledge and proficiency when students enter the actual clinical setting
Enables greater familiarity with student's assigned clients
Poses fewer interruptions for staff from students requesting information
Opportunity to retrieve diagnostic results, vital signs, admission assessment data,and nursing documentation for review in real time
Incorporation of information systems at schools:
Incorporation of hospital and nursing information systems at schools of nursing facilitate role transition from student to graduate nurse, makes graduates more attractive to prospective employers, and may enable hospitals to better utilize orientation time for graduates with prior HIS training.
Offers the potential to free instructor time, streamline instruction and testing, and eliminate costs associated with employee travel
Simulation offers a safe environment
International Society for Technology in Education competencies for students:
Creative thinking and knowledge construction
Communication and collaboration
Application of digital tools
Gather, evaluate, and use information
Understand legal and ethical behavior as it relates to technology and good "digital citizenship"
Enables users to learn and then demonstrate skills.
Standardize students learning opportunities
Develop collaboration, communication, and co-operation
Provide a safe learning environment
Augment clinical scenarios and faculty resources
Present unusual or high-risk clinical situations
Validate mastery of skills
Refers to presentations that combine at lease two of the following: text, voice or sound, images, and video, or hardware and software
An excellent approach for nurses required to learn and communicate complex issues to clients; however, it is the responsibility of the 21st century teacher to become competent in both the use of and selection of the media that will serve best.
Multimedia vs. Traditional instruction
Found to be as effective.
It has the additional advantage of providing greater satisfaction and added value as an adjunct to a more traditional learning strategy and an additional learning resource
With multimedia it has the potential to decrease costs ordinarily incurred with both individual instruction and traditional classroom teaching
Potentially reduces labor costs and participant time is self-paced. Recorded classes can be shown multiple times, without the actual educator being present.
Can be incorporated into formative and summative evaluation as well
Enhances VLE by using the interactivity, information management, and decision-making capabilities of computers
Are characterized by their understanding of multimedia and sophisticated skill with computer technologies. They prefer multimedia and the "multi-tasking" it requires and are quite comfortable using technology.
A set of interactive telecommunication technologies that allow two or more locations to interact via two-way video and audio transmission simultaneously
Can be used to share documents, computer-displayed information, and whiteboards
Videoteleconference advantages vs. disadvantages
Classes, assignments, and feedback may be offered entirely online, "anytime, anywhere" extending the reach of educational programs and continuing education courses, accommodating students who would otherwise be unable to attend programs because of distance, family obligations, or work commitments.
Sacrificing eye contact, appearance self-consciousness arises as well.
*Although some programs have face-to-face (SKYPE)
A form of multimedia that fully envelops learners in an environment.
It has been used with medical students and surgeons to develop skills in a variety of areas including procedures such as the insertion of urinary catheters and surgical procedures
Offers the next best option to performing the skill on a real person but without risk to the learner or the patient.
Incorporate attitudes, knowledge, and skills that include:
Habit of lifetime learning of information and technology
Word processing skills, spreadsheet application
Capability to use electronic documentation
Ability to retrieve electronic data, including bibliographic information
Capacity to protect patient privacy and confidentiality when using EHRs
Aptitude to interpret and respond to technical equipment used at the point of care
Data mining skills
Ability to evaluate Internet resources and critically appraise Web sites
Is an innovative, Internet-based strategy that has been implemented into an accelerated online nursing program. It has demonstrated usefulness in engaging students in active learning and provides an opportunity to use simulation in a safe environment.
Allows students to practice skills, try new ideas, and learn from mistake
Is the use of audio, video, computer, television, teleconferencing, or the WWW to connect educator and students who are located at a minimum of two different locations.
Virtual learning environments began with "distance learning"
Distance Education Requirements
More faculty preparation and organization
Concerted effort by students to remain active participants
Adaptation by faculty and students to a different teaching/learning environment
Distance Education Advantages
Decrease time and costs related to long commutes
Provides access to experts
24-hour accessibility and convenience
Course/Learning Management Systems
System that uses the Internet to assist the educator in developing, managing, and administering educational materials for students
Provide tracking capability
Provide e-mail, chat, and discussion capability
Products of C/LMS
Community source products
Specific locally develop product models
Examples of C/LMS
Steller - an MIT developed product
Sakai - a subscription-based community source
Segue - an open-source system
Blackboard - a commercial product
At least as effective as other methods
Introduction of technology into education
Provides a tool for distance education
Available 24 hours a day
May facilitate learning
Provides for flexibility in scheduling
Institute for Higher Education Policy Report Benchmarks
Guidelines for course development, review, and evaluation
Teaching/learning guidelines for faculty-student interaction, feedback, and instruction on methods of effective research and evaluation of resources
Course structure guidelines inclusive of student orientation, supplemental materials, and expectations
Structured student support measures
Extensive faculty support structures and guidelines
Evaluation and assessment strategies inclusive of faculty development programs to promote new skills and teaching methods suitable for distance education
Virtual Learning Environment term:
The underlying concept for instruction delivered outside the boundaries of the traditional classroom in which instructor and instructed do not meet face to face
Examples of VLE
Moodle Learning Management System
CyberExtension Virtual Managed Learning
VLE vs. Traditional Classroom
Virtual environments prove to be as effective. VLE can serve to introduce technology into the curriculum, and this has become our current educational reality.
Blended learning term:
When a virtual classroom supplements traditional classroom instructions
Improved reading habits - Learners can proceed at a pace conducive to comprehension
Convenience, learning offered at any site that has computer access - programs available for single users on freestanding PCs or via network connections
Reduced learning time - learners can proceed at their own pace; they can skim through familiar content and focus on weak areas
Increased retention - related to the active nature of the media that facilitates learner participation
24 hour access - "anywhere anytime"
Consistent instruction in a safe environment - allows learners to practice new skills without fear of harm to themselves or others
Flexibility of faculty schedules - Makes it easier to teach around clinical instruction
Variables that influence VLE
Quality of the software
Environment of computer use
Characteristics of the learner
What leads to negative attitudes towards delivering educational material?
Poor instructional design
Lack of feedback
Lack of control - control encompasses the ability to advance, repeat, or review portions of the program, or to quit at any point
Lack of intellectual stimulation
Web 2.0 Applications
Described as consisting of a set of "core characteristics" including user-centered design, crowd-sourcing, Web as platform, collaboration, power decentralization, dynamic content, SaaS (Software as a Service), and rich user experience
Interactive technology that facilitate online communication, learning, and collaboration
Avenue for users to comment, annotate, create, mix, and share content
Blogs, podcasts, wikis
Mobile learning via PDA devices
A web site that allows anyone to contribute and edit content.
In nursing education, wikis offer many possibilities as a tool to disseminate information, foster collaboration, share resources, and assist research teams
Asynchronous group socialization tool
A portmanteau of 'broadcasting'.
Internet-based technology that allows distribution of audio or video content in MP3 file format via Real Simple Syndication (RSS)
Content may be heard/viewed from any MP3 player anywhere, anytime
In nursing education it is providing portability for listening to lectures
Are generally intended for a specific audience and number of people.
Used in business settings.
Is a contraction of the term Web-based seminar, forming a neologism that describes a specific type of Web conference
Is visible to everyone who chooses to watch it.
Is a media file over the Internet using streaming media technology that may be distributed either live or on demand.
Refers to non-interactive linear streams or events. Information is spread over the Internet using push technology.
The largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output.
The process of capturing, encoding, hosting, and delivering multimedia events such as training, infomercials, and concerts.
Virtual Meeting Space
Made possible by Web conferencing applications.
In a Web conference, each participant can sit at his or her own computer. There is no travel time to the conference site. Participants are connected via the Internet, either through downloaded software or a Web-based application.
Web-based applications enable attendees to access the meeting through an e-mail "meeting invitation" and can connect attendees at distant sites who click on the link provided in the invitation.
Examples of virtual meeting software
IBM Lotuslive Engage
Adobe Acrobat ConnectPro
Examples of Web-based products
1.________ are systems that use the Internet to assist the educator in developing, managing, and administering educational materials for students.
a.Mobile learning environments (MLEs)
b.Computer-aided learning (CALs)
c.Virtual learning environments (VLEs)
d.Computer laboratory systems
c. Virtual learning environments (VLEs)
Virtual learning environments (VLEs) are systems that use the Internet to assist the educator in developing, managing, and administering educational materials for students.
2.Academic EHRs offer which of the following benefits?
a.Academic EHRs take the place of information system training at clinical agencies.
b.EHRs free faculty from the burden of teaching students how to use electronic records.
c.Professional socialization is fostered, students can see the effects of their decision making, and orientation time for new graduates is decreased.
d.EHRs shift all learning on electronic documentation to a self-paced system.
c. Professional socialization is fostered, students can see the effects of their decision making, and orientation time for new graduates is decreased.
While students may learn portions of EHR use in a self-paced system, faculty still need to monitor students and provide appropriate feedback in simulated and live settings.
3.Academic EHRs used in conjunction with simulation activities primarily foster which of the following skills?
a.comparative effectiveness research skills
b.improved faculty informatics skills
c.appropriate use of e-sign and the patient confidentiality safeguards
d.critical thinking as students learn the relationship between specific diagnostic findings, observations, clinical situations, and nursing interventions
d. critical thinking as students learn the relationship between specific diagnostic findings, observations, clinical situations, and nursing interventions
While EHRs may be used in conjunction with simulation activities to help students appreciate patient privacy and confidentiality, this was not the focus of e-sign legislation. Faculty may develop improved informatics skills as a result of working with students but that is not the primary focus of academic EHRs and simulation activities geared towards students.
4.Distance learning is offered by institutions of higher learning as a means to _______.
a.save student and faculty time
b.extend scarce faculty resources
c.improve student access, meet demands for flexible options, and extend geographic boundaries
d.reduce administrative expenses associated with traditional educational settings
c. improve student access, meet demands for flexible options, and extend geographic boundaries
Distance learning is offered by institutions of higher learning as a means to improve student access, meet student demands, and extend geographic boundaries
5.Which of the following best describes Web 2.0 technologies?
a.Web 2.0 is a World Wide Web technology and design that seeks to foster creativity, collaboration, and the sharing of information as may be exemplified by blogs, podcasts, vodcasts, wikis, and YouTube.
b.Web 2.0 refers to communication tools.
c.Web 2.0 will provide high-speed access to select users such as institutions of higher learning, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations.
d.Web 2.0 refers to authoring tools for the design of web pages.
a. Web 2.0 is a World Wide Web technology and design that seeks to foster creativity, collaboration, and the sharing of information as may be exemplified by blogs, podcasts, vodcasts, wikis, and YouTube.
Web 2.0 is a World Wide Web technology and design that seeks to foster creativity, collaboration, and the sharing of information as may be exemplified by blogs, podcasts, vodcasts, wikis, and YouTube.
6.Which of the following statements most accurately describes mobile learning?
a.Mobile learning refers to meeting the needs of a transient student population.
b.Mobile learning refers to the technology to allow traveling faculty to teach from any location.
c.Mobile learning, or m-learning, refers to learning that takes place via the use of mobile devices such as PDAs and cell phones.
d.Mobile learning refers an adjunct tool to traditional classroom instruction.
c. Mobile learning, or m-learning, refers to learning that takes place via the use of mobile devices such as PDAs and cell phones.
Mobile learning, or m-learning, refers to learning that takes place via the use of mobile devices such as PDAs and cell phones.
7.Which of the following statements about virtual reality are true?
a.It has not been approved for use among health care professionals for the practice of procedural skills.
b.It is a widely used form of multimedia that fully envelops learners in an environment providing the next best option to performing the skill on a real person but without any risks to the learner or the client.
c.Its use is strictly limited to the aviation industry.
d.It offers an option to performing skills on a real person with only slight risks to the learner.
b. It is a widely used form of multimedia that fully envelops learners in an environment providing the next best option to performing the skill on a real person but without any risks to the learner or the client.
It is a widely used form of multimedia that fully envelops learners in an environment allowing them to practice skills without risks to themselves or to clients.
8.The delivery of content and stimulation of learning primarily through the use of telecommunication technologies and often used for corporate training is ______.
The delivery of content and stimulation of learning primarily through the use of telecommunication technologies and often used for corporate training is e-learning.
9.Computer resistance by nurses is often the result of which of the following?
a.computer anxiety, limited computer skills, and poor communication on the part of administration to consult nurses during the change process
b.excessive cyberphobia and information overload
c.lack of knowledge among administrators of change theory and technophobia
d.overly complex system design
a. computer anxiety, limited computer skills, and poor communication on the part of administration to consult nurses during the change process
Computer resistance by nurses can be caused by computer anxiety, lack of computer skills, and failure of administration to consult nurses during the change process.
10.Software application designed to allow persons with little or no programming expertise to create instructional programs are ______.
b.computer-assisted instruction programs
a. authoring tools
Software application designed to allow persons with little or no programming expertise to create instructional programs are authoring tools.
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