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Chapter 13-15 - The Executive Branch
Terms in this set (23)
Article 2, Section. 1
" The executive power shall be vested in a president of the united states of America..."
" He shall hold his office during the term of four years" (FDR)
Requirements to be President -
- Natural born Citizen
- 35 years old
- Lived in the U.S for at least 14 years
- Must take oath ( Art 2, Sec 1, Paragraph 8 )
The Electoral College -
- Group of 538 electors who vote to elect the president & vice president. ( 435 Reps, 100 senators, 3 wash.DC - 23rd amendment - 1961 )
- Each state has electoral votes equal to the total number of members of congress.
- Candidate must receive 270 electoral votes to win
Flaws in Electoral college -
( elections of 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000 )
1. Popular vote winner might not win election
2. Electors are not required to vote for winning candidate
3. Strong 3rd party candidate could cause no candidate to receive majority of electoral votes ( Election of 1824 )
12th Amendment of 1804 -
rise of political parties - president and Vice President would be from opposing parties.
- separate ballot for president and Vice president
20th Amendment of 1933 ( Lame Duck )
Presidents inauguration moved up to janurary 20th
22nd Amendment of 1951 -
Tradition dictated that presidents serve no more than two terms - FDR broke tradition ( 1932-1945 )
" no person shall be elected to the office of the president more than twice "
25th Amendment of 1967 -
Presidential succession / vice president
" in case of the removal of the president from office or of his death or resignation the vice president shall become president. "
" Vacancy in the office of the vice president. the president shall nominate a Vice president upon conformation by a majority vote of both houses of congress. "
Article 2, Section 2 - Constitutional Powers
The president is granted specific powers by the constitution
Appointing Power -
" By and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint." Supreme court justices, officers of the united states.
Make Treaties -
Must be approved by 2/3 vote in senate
Executive Agreement -
between president and leader of another nation
- Does not require senate approval
Grant Pardons -
President can legally forgive a crime
( President Ford Pardoned former president Nixon for Watergate )
- Can also pardon an entire group of people
( President Carter pardoned Vietnam draft dodgers )
Military Power -
" Shall be commander in chief of the army & navy..."
- Has authority over all military and troops in combat
( only congress can declare war ).
War Powers Act of 1973 -
In response to nearly ten year " Conflict " in Vietnam
President has 60 days, congress can extend or declare war.
Article 2, Section 3 - State of the Union -
Annual address to congress regarding the " State of Union "
- Makes Retommdemnations to congress
President, vice president all other officers of the united states may be impeached by H. or R. and convicted by senate.
Duties of the Vice President -
President of the senate (no vote unless a tie)
The Federal Bureaucracy -
The agencies through which the federal gov operates.
- Helps the executive branch enforce federal law.
Executive Office -
The presidents close advisors on important issues
- National security council, council of economic advisors, office of management and budget.
Executive Departments -
15 cabinet officers of the president
- secretaries of each debt appointed by the president
Independent Agencies -
Function independently of the executive branch
- CIA, FBI, NASA, EPA, FCC, SEC, FAA, Post Office
- Those who work for the bureaucracy are Civil Service workers
Civil Service Act - 1883 - ( Garfield's Assassination )
Created system of hiring and promotion based on merit rather than through patronage ( hiring family and friends )
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