Excretory System Quizlet
Terms in this set (15)
The process of removing wastes and excess water from the body.
Eliminates solid wastes that remain after the digestion of food.
Breaks down excess amino acids and toxins in the blood.
Eliminates excess water and salts in sweat.
Exhale water vapor and carbon dioxide.
(Purpose of) the Kidney
To filter out the blood
Filters and reabsorbs nutrients from the blood
Delivers blood to the kidneys that needs to be filtered
Brings filtered blood away from the kidneys to the heart
Eliminates urine from body
Connects kidneys with the bladder
What does the kidney remove from the blood and release into urine?
The kidney removes excess water and waste from the blood.
How is urea formed?
Urea is formed from amino acid breakdown in the liver.
What is a nephron and what is its function?
The nephron filters wastes, including urea and excess water out of the blood while reabsorbing glucose, protein, some sodium, and some water. They also pass water and urea through collecting ducts and ureters so it is stored in the bladder.