34 terms

Chapter 1 Vocab

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

Field of study that includes environmental science, environmental policy, economics, literature, and ethics
Environmental Studies
Living
Biotic
NonLiving
Abiotic
A person who participates in environmentalism, a social movement that seeks to protect the environment through lobbying, activism, and education
Environmentalist
A particular location on Earth distinguished by its mix of interacting biotic and abiotic components
Ecosystem
The field of study that looks at interactions among human systems and those found in nature
Environmental Science
The sum of all the conditions surrounding us that influence life
Environment
A method of oil and gas extraction that uses high-pressure fluids to open cracks in rock deep underground
Fracking
The diversity of life forms in an environment
Biodiversity
A measure of the genetic variation among individuals in a population
Genetic Diversity
Development that balances current human well-being and economic advancements with the resource management for the benefit of future generations
Sustainable development
Love of life
Biophilia
Improvement in human well-being through economic advancement
Development
An indicator that describes the current state of an environmental system
Environmental indicator
A group of organisms that is distinct from other groups in its morphology, behavior, or biochemical properties
Species
Living on Earth in a way that allows humans to use its resources without depriving future generations of those resources
Sustainability
A measure of how much an individual consumes, expressed in an area of land
Ecological footprint
The evolution of new species
Speciation
The number of species in a region or in a particular type of habitat
Species diversity
Derived from human activities
Anthropogenic
The average rate at which species become extinct over the long term
Background extinction
Gasses in Earth's atmosphere that trap heat near the surface
Greenhouse gasses
The processes by which life-supporting resources such as clean water, timber, fisheries, and agricultural crops are produced
Ecosystem services
A statement or idea that can be falsified or proven wrong
Null Hypothesis
An objective method to explore the natural world, draw inferences from it, and predict the outcome of certain events, processes, or changes
Scientific Method
An estimate of how much a measured or calculated value differs from a true value
Uncertainty
The data collection procedure of taking repeated measurements
Replication
A natural event that acts as an experimental treatment in an ecosystem
Natural experiment
A hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested and confirmed by multiple groups of researchers and has reached wide acceptance
Theory
In a scientific investigation, a group that experiences exactly the same conditions as the experiment group, except for the single variable under study
Control group
How close a measured value is to the actual or true value
Accuracy
The number of times a measurement is replicated in the data collection process
Sample Size
A testable explanation or supposition about how something works
Hypothesis
How close the repeated measurements of a sample are to one another
Precision