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(H) History Unit 3
Terms in this set (55)
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Measure of average of stock prices of major industries.
Print and broadcast methods of communitcating information to large numbers of people
President Herbert Hoover
31st President: (R): responded ineffectively during the Great Despression.
A Spanish-speaking neighborhood
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
African American literarcy awakening of the 1920's centered in Harlem.
The Dust Bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Set of religious beliefs included traditonal Christian ideas about Jesus Christ.
Minorities during the Great Depression
Lost their jobs and were 50% unempolyed.
Term used to describe a supplier of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition.
Ratified in 1933 to repeal the 18th ammendment (Prohibition)
1925 Court case argued by Clarence Darrow and William Jennings in which the issue of teaching evolution in public schools was debated.
Ban on the manufacture and sales of alcoholic beverages
An approach to labor relation in which companies meet some of their worker's needs without prompting by unions, thus preventing strikes and keeping productivity high.
Had it rough because of the Dust Bowl; destroyed livestock.
Intense fear of Communism and other politiacally racial ideas.
The Communist Party
A goverment controls all advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.; appeal to poor people and females.
a numerical limit
Term used to desribe a makeshift homeless shelter during the Great Depression
buying on margin
Purchasing stock with a little money down with the promise of paying the balance at sometime in the future.
Banks during the Great Depression
Banks were failing.
A term in the 1920's used to describe a new type of young women; rebellious, energetic, "adventurous"; fun-loving; and bold.
Women during the Great Depression
Continued to do poor paying jobs.
An African American leader who urged Other African Americans to return to their homeland; inspired "black pride" movement
Children during the Great Depression
Shipped off to relatives who can care for them.
One of the best baseball players to play.
Farm Auctions during the Great Depression at which neighbors saved each other's property form going into foreclosure by bidding low
African Americans (1920s)
Great Migration; Harlem Rennisance; Jazz age
Made the automobile affordable for everyone by using an assembly line; produced a car every 24 seconds; Everyone who worked there got the same wage.
A style of dance music in the 1920
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Hoover gave money to businesses to stop the Great Depression.
Ku Klux Klan
Put their clan members in power; attacked minorites
Consists of WWI Veterans who are unemployed. (In 1932) They are promised a huge bonus in 1945.
An economy that depends in a large amount of spending by consumers.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
32nd President; (D); fought the Great Depression through his New Deal social programs
The amount of goods and services created in a given amount of time.
The New Deal
Term to describe FDR's Relief, Recovery, and Reform programs designed to combat the Great Depression. SIngle most largest and expensive projects
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree; Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. They were executed but later found innocent
Tariffs had been rasied 38.8% to 60%
Rose the production of other things needed for the automobile like steel and gas.
Periods when in which a nation's economy grows and contracts.
First Lady of FDR; tireless worker for social causes, including women's rights and civil rights for African Americans and other groups.
A recession from 1937 to 1938 that occurred after FDR cut the federal budget.
US General during during the Great Depression, WWII, and Korean war; forced to resign by Truman in 1959; attacks the bonus army
Labor protest in which workers stop working but but refuse to leave the workplace.
Public Works Programs
Government-funded projects to build public facilities
Alfred M. Landon (R) v. FDR (D) ; 8 : 523; Democratic win
Law passed in 1935 that aided unions by legalizing collective barginings and closed shops, and by establishing the National Labor Relations Board.
Social Security system
System established in 1935 to provide financial security; in form of regular payments; for peolpe who cannot support themselves.
Total amount of money that the federal government borrows and has to pay back.
Period at the start of FDR's presidency in 1933, when any New Deal programs were passed by Congress.
Tennessee Valley Authority
Federal project to provide inexpensive electric power, flood control, and recreational opportunities in one of the poorest regions of the country.
National Industrial Recovery Act
Created NRA to enforce codes of fair competition, minimum wages, and to permit collective bargaining of workers.
African Americans who were appointed to administrative positions by Franklin Roosevelt. For better relations with minorites.
Packing the Supreme Court
FDR Trying to appoint judges to pass the New Deal program