Theory Time - Grade 11 - Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Ad libitum
At liberty; freedom to improvise or vary the tempo
Aeolian mode
Same pattern as a to a; same as the natural minor scale
Aria
A composition for solo voice
Arpeggio
A chord whose pitches are sounded in succession, harp-like
Augmented Second
A 2nd consisting of 3 half steps
Augmented triad
A triad made up of all major thirds, 4 + 4
Authentic Cadence
The progression from dominant (V) to tonic (I)
Bi-tonal
Using two key signatures at the same time
Cantabile
In a singing style
Chromatic half step
A half step that uses the same letter name (C to C#); an Augmented Unison
Chromatic Scale
A 12-tone scale made up of only half steps
Church modes
Seven scales with different arrangements of whole and half step patterns
Close Harmony
4-part harmony with less than an octave between soprano and tenor
Compound meter
A meter with a top number of 6, 9 or 12. The beat can be divided into 3 or subdivided into 6 parts.
Counterpoint
A type of polyphonic music using two or more melody lines
Cut time
Alla breve; a time signature of "2 / 2"
Diatonic half step
A half step that uses 2 different letter names (C to D-flat)
Diatonic scale
Any Major or minor scale; a scale with seven different tones
Diminished triad
A triad made up of all minor thirds, 3+3
Dorian mode
Same pattern as d to d
Duet
A musical composition written for two performers
First inversion triad
A triad with its root as the highest pitch; the 3rd of the chord is the lowest pitch
Four-Part Harmonic Texture
Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass
Half Cadence
Any cadence ending on dominant (V)
Harmonic interval
Two notes sounding together
Homophonic
A melody line supported by a chordal accompaniment
Imperfect Authentic Cadence
Scale degree one is not in the soprano of the tonic chord.
Invention
A short contrapuntal piece, with one theme
Ionian mode
Same pattern as C to C; same as the major scale
Locrian mode
Same pattern as B to B
Lydian mode
Same pattern as F to F
Marcato
Marked, emphasized
Melodic interval
Two notes that sound one after the other
Melodic minor scale
A minor scale raising 6 & 7 ascending & lowering them descending
Melody
A succession of tones divided into phrases
Mixolydian mode
Same pattern as G to G
Monophonic
A single melody line, often duplicated at the octave
Open Harmony
4-part harmony with an octave or more between soprano and tenor
Opera
A theatrical drama set to music; all dialogue is sung
Oratorio
A sacred, musical drama that is only sung; there is no action or costumes
Parallel Keys
Major and minor keys that have the same keynote or tonic (C Maj/c min)
Perfect Authentic Cadence
The strongest sounding cadence; Scale degree one is in the soprano of the tonic chord and in the bass of both the dominant (V) and tonic (I) chords.
Phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
Phrygian mode
Same pattern as e to e
Plagal Cadence
A cadence which progresses from subdominant (IV) to tonic (I)
Polyphonic
Two or more melodies played or sung at the same time
Prelude
A small composition that is usually followed by a larger composition, in the same key
Relative keys
Major and minor keys that share the same key signature (C MAJ / a min)
Root position triad
A triad with its root as the lowest pitch
Tonic
Scale degree 1
Supertonic
Scale degree 2
Mediant
Scale degree 3
Subdominant
Scale degree 4, a 5th below tonic
Dominant
Scale degree 5, a 5th above tonic
Submediant
Scale degree 6, a 3rd below tonic
Subtonic/Leading tone
Scale degree 7
Second inversion triad
A triad with the 5th of the chord as the lowest pitch
Semplice
To play simply; without ornament
Sempre
Always or still
Simple meter
A meter with a top number of 2, 3 or 4. The beat can be divided into 2 parts or subdivided into 4 parts.
Trio
A musical composition written for three performers
Tritone
A diminished 5th or augmented 4th; it divides the octave in half
Tenuto
To hold full value
Voice-Leading
The way each voice moves when progressing from one chord to the next
Whole Tone scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole tones
Ballet
A theatrical form of dance
Subito
Suddenly
A cappella
To sing unaccompanied
Dolce
Sweetly
Natural minor scale
A minor scale that "purely" follows the key signature, no notes are altered
Harmonic minor scale
A minor scale that raises scale degree 7 ascending and descending, creating an augmented second between scale degrees 6 and 7
Meno mosso
Less motion
Overture
Instrumental piece used to introduce and opera, ballet, etc.
Piu mosso
More motion
Poco a poco
Little by little
Senza
Without