From League to Empire

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Powell notes
there is not one particular event of date that signified the shift from Delian League to Athenian Empire. Rather, it was a gradual process that was marked by several events
Naxos date and...
469BC attempts to secede (withdraw) from the Delian League
Thasos date
465BC
Movement of the treasury from Delos date
454BC
Eurythrae decree date
453BC
Coinage decree date
450BC
Rhodes on Naxos and Thasos
"This episode (the besieging of Thasos), was the most blatant case yet of Athens using the league to further its own interests."
Powell on cleruchies
Powell says that the establishment of cleruchies reflects "increasingly frank domination over the allies"
Powell - movement of the treasury
Powell:inscriptions make it clear that the building of the Parthenon began then, and there is evidence that the construction was financed by the League's treasure"
Eurythrae decree
The decree forbade them to secede or make any moved unapproved by Athens.
Bury and Meiggs describe relationship as
'restricted autonomy'
Powell states
- "In Greek political and strategic thinking the notion of opportunity was highly important and the word for it Kairos, occurs with great frequency (in Thucydides account)" 39 - Athens, in forming the empire, is seen by Thucydides to be very opportunistic - this is different from being forceful. The Athenians, perhaps, saw the opportunity to lead and simply took it up, rather than plotting to subdue and overthrow Greece,
King Pausanias Thucydides tells us
Thucydides tells us that the actions of King Pausanias made him "unpopular with the Hellenes," particularly in comparison to the affable Kimon and "just" Aristides.
Plutarch tells us about Cimon
Cimon, an Athenian, whose "affability" was a mitigating factor in the desire of other Greeks to seek Athens' leadership.
Delian League was a true alliance
Athens did not seize control, it was offered to her by the other Greek states (Thucydides).
477 BC (coinage decree)
pay a tribute (phorus) and hoping to recover money lost during the Persian Wars. Athens declared that all members of the league must use Athenian coins, weights and measures.
Pericles' funeral oration declares
Athens "an education to all of Greece," articulating the Athenian feeling of superiority and rightful leadership.