(H) History Midterm
Terms in this set (107)
Technological Advances in late 1800's
Railroad, Telegraph, Telephone, steel, cars, oil
Implies that business leaders who built their fortunes by stealing from the public.
Captains of Industry
Implies that business owners who expanded, increased productivity and transformed the economy
The Business Cycle
Periods when in which a nation's economy grows and contracts.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Law passed in 1890 that outlawed any combination of companies that restrained interstate trade or commerce.
Union leader; Founder of American federation of labor
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventor; developed the telephone in 1975
A process of making steel more efficient; patented in 1856
Nation's first major labor strike
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
Industrialist; Made a fortune in steel in the late 1800's through vertical consolidation; gave away $350 M
Inventor; developed the light bulb, the phonograph, and many others; credited with electric current
Credited with alternative current
"yellow dog" contracts
Workers who were hired to make sure that they don't join a union.
Process of bringing together many firms in the same businesses to form one large company; Rockefeller
Process of gaining control of the different businesses that make up all phases of a product's development; Carnegie
Belief that the government should do as little as possible to interfere with people's pursuit of success.
John D. Rockefeller
Industrialist; Made a fortune when he formed the Standard Oil Company and used horizontal consolidation; gave away $500 M; Richest man alive
Person who enters a new country to settle.
This island welcomed European immigrants because most of them are WASPs; on east coast
This island was not very welcoming to the Asian immigrants.; on west coast
An unofficial city organization designed to keep a particular party in power; held by a single boss
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Out law the spoils system
Ban on the manufacture and sales of alcoholic beverages.
Demanded that the Government create more jobs or else they will protest.
A policy of favoring native-born Americans over immigrants.
Urban areas by early 1900s
Slums, Dieases, Fires, Overpopulated
people who wanted Prohibition
By 1910 60% of Children went to school, why?
Now a law
Plessy v. Ferguson
Seperate but equal; Segregation
Murder of a accused person without a lawful trial
Organization formed in 1890 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism, and to gain civil rights for African Americans.
Popular forms of entertainment in the late 1800s
Jim Crow Laws; poll tax, literacy test, grandfather clause
Fields for female professionals (3)
Teachers, nurses, social workers
Spanish-American War 1st action
Attacks in the Phillipines
US gained what from Spanish-American War
Guam; Puerto Rico, Phillipines
Roosevelt's opponents disapproved of the Panama Canal?
His involvement in te Panamanin Revolt
An extension of The Monroe Doctrine that Teddy made; said that the US had the right to intervene in the Latin American nations.
Open Door Policy with China
Keep trade with China; China has millions of producers
Alfred T. Mahan
Father of the Modern Navy; argued that the economic future of the US rested on new overseas markets protected by a larger navy
Policy by a stronger nation to attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, or militarily.
Taft's foreign policy
Small countries depending on foriegn captialism
Presidential Election of 1912
Republican party split
Federal Reserve System
Nation's banking system
Created property tax
Jacob Riis, Ida Tarbell, Margaret Sanger
Initiative, referendum, and recall
Put something up for vote
Municipal reformers aimed to?
Taft continued Roosevelt's progressive program by?
Anti-Suffrage argument was that women would
Become too manly
4 Beliefs of Progressives
The goverment is responsible for you
William Randolph Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer
Use to sympathize with the Spanish American war
go indepth and report controversial things
wrote the Jungle; muckracker
Clayton Antitrust Act
More powerful Anti-trust act
Susan B. Anthony
one of the 1st women's right activist
World War I (underlying cause)
Event that sparked WWI
Assassination of Archduke Fernandad
First few years of WWI
Was in a stalemate
Tatic to destory U-Boats
Why did the US decide to enter WWI
Return of U-Boats
Selective Service Act
Fears of spies and sabotage in US during the war led to
Espinage act and Sedition act
As Germany weakened, Allies sought
War Industries Board
controls private businesses must follow certain rules
test to see if they can read and write
law that prohibits the speech or actions that encourages a rebellion
Wilson's goal for the League of Nations
attack on one is an attack on all
Main economic problem facing war veterans
Women and AA took their jobs because because they are paid less
1920, trolleys to suburbs were replaced by
Best baseball player to ever live
Jazz was brought to the northern cities by
Main targets of the KKK
William Jennings Bryan
Cross of gold speech
Set of religious beliefs included traditonal Christian ideas about Jesus Christ.
A term in the 1920's used to describe a new type of young women; rebellious, energetic, "adventurous"; fun-loving; and bold.
The Jazz Age
what the 1920's were called
limited government regulations of business
make partial payments until total debt is paid
blacks move from south to north
Automobile industry sparked
other industries to grow
An economy that depends in a large amount of spending by consumers.
The amount of goods and services created in a given amount of time.
raids that led the FBI went into your house and kidnap you and want an apology from you
nations agreed to not pose a threat
America's expectations of Hoover
that it could get better
Ratified in 1933 to repeal the 18th amendment (Prohibition)
Farmers during the Great Depression
Had it rough because of the Dust Bowl; destroyed livestock.
Term used to desribe a makeshift homeless shelter during the Great Depression
Buying on margin
Purchasing stock with a little money down with the promise of paying the balance at sometime in the future.
Women during the depression
Continued to do poor paying jobs.
Children during the depression
Shipped off to relatives who can care for them.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Hoover gave money to businesses to stop the Great Depression.
FDR is elected
An African American leader who urged Other African Americans to return to their homeland; inspired "black pride" movement
Made the automobile affordable for everyone by using an assembly line; produced a car every 24 seconds; Everyone who worked there got the same wage.
Term to describe FDR's Relief, Recovery, and Reform programs designed to combat the Great Depression. SIngle most largest and expensive projects
Tennessee Valley Authority; federal government build series of dams to prevent flooding and sell electricity. First public competition with private power industries
National Industrial Recovery Act; created NRA to enforce codes of fair competition, minimum wages, and to permit collective bargaining of workers.
Works Progress Administration; employed 8.5 million workers in construction and other jobs, but more importantly provided work in arts, theater, and literary projects.
Civilian Conservation Corps; sent 250,000 young men to work camps to perform reforestation and conservation tasks. Removed surplus of workers from cities, provided healthy conditions for boys, provided money for families.
Court packing incident
FDR Trying to appoint judges to pass the New Deal program
African Americans who were appointed to administrative positions by Franklin Roosevelt. For better relations with minorites.
Second New Deal
more social welfare benefits, more control over businesses, more support for unions and tax the rich
Alfred M. Landon (R) v. FDR (D) ; 8 : 523; Democratic win
A recession from 1937 to 1938 that occurred after FDR cut the federal budget.