AP US History Chapter 14 Terms
Terms for APUSH Chapter 14.
Terms in this set (25)
1768-1835, U.S. industrialist, born in England., He was a British mechanic that moved to America and in 1791 invented the first American machine for spinning cotton. He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in America's factories.
United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester
An American inventor of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Invented the cotton gin, a device for processing raw cotton.
23 when he came to America. 10 years after his arrival, he is named Minister to Spain by Lincoln. He serves as a general in the Union army. He later becomes a newspaper correspondent, Senator from Missouri, and Secretary of Interior. He is a classic example of a foreigner living out the American Dream - a dream he could never have fulfilled in his previous European continent.
American engineer and inventor who developed the first useful submarine and torpedo (1800) and produced the first practical steamboat (1807).
Samuel F.B. Morse
U.S. artist and inventor: developer of the first successful telegraph in the U.S.; inventor of the most commonly used telegraphic code system.
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal
U.S. educator: advocated educational rights for women.
the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850
A form of business ownership in which the owners are liable only up to the amount of their individual investments.
By 1850s, railroad transportation was fairly cheap and widespread. It allowed goods to be moved in large quantities over long distances, and it reduced travel time.
the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Cult of domesticity
The idea among middle and upper class white American women during the 1800s that they had to be the center of the domestic sphere and the perfect wives and mothers
a machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds.
Robert Fulton's first commercial steamboat
a loosely linked group of investors. They included Nathan Appleton, Patrick Tracy Jackson, Abbott Lawrence, and Amos Lawrence, often related directly or through marriage, they were based in Boston, Massachusetts. By 1845, there were 31 textile companies—located in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and southern Maine—produced one-fifth of all textiles in the United States.
a sailing ship built and rigged for speed, esp. a type of three-masted ship with a fast hull form and a lofty rig, built in the U.S. from c1845, and in Great Britain from a later date, until c1870, and used in trades in which speed was more important than cargo capacity.
Ancient Order of Hibernians
is an Irish Catholic fraternal organization. Its purpose is to act as guards to protect Catholic Churches from anti-Catholic forces in the mid 19th century, and to assist Irish Catholic immigrants, especially those who faced discrimination or harsh coal mining working conditions.
An active, militant Irish organization of farmers based in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields who are believed responsible for much violence
General Incorporation Law
Allowed businessemen to create a new corporation without first obtaining a charter from the state legislature.
established in 1860 to carry mail quickly from missouri to sacramento. tiny people would ride ponies to stations ten miles apart and it would only take 10 days. the enterprise lost money and collapsed after 18 months, but it boosted technology later leading to machinery.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
in March 1842, Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw ruled that unions were legal organizations and had the right to organize a strike.
the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City politics and helping immigrants, most notably the Irish, rise up in American politics from the 1790s to the 1960s.
order of star-spangled banner
The noisier American "Nativists" rallied for political action. In 1849 they formed this, which soon developed into the formidable American, or "Know-Nothing," party—a name derived from its secretiveness. Feared catholicism -wanted restricted immigration, uncorrupt churchs, mass violence
made in 1846 by Elias Howe; made making clothing faster and cheaper
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