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The Respiratory System (Chapter 7)

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-ectasis
enlargement
laryng/o
voice box
bronch/o
windpipe
cyan/o
blue
atel/o
incomplete
pneum/o
lung
ox/o
oxygen
pleur/o
pharyng/o
pharyng/o
throat
phon/o
voice
trache/o
windpipe
tachy
rapid
pulmon
lung
thorax
chest
-pnea
breathing
The heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea are located in the ___________.
mediastinum
The __________ acts as a lid over the entrance to the esophagus.
epiglottis
The innermost layer of a pleura is known as the ________ ______.
visceral pleura
The _______ sinuses are located just above the eyes.
frontal
The smallest divisions of the bronchial tree are the ___________.
bronchioles
During respiration, the exchange of gases takes place through the walls of the _______.
alveoli
The term meaning spitting blood or blood-stained sputum is __________.
hemoptysis
Grinder's disease is the lay term for _________.
silicosis
The term _________ means an abnormally rapid rate of respiration.
tachypnea
The term meaning any vocie impairment is _________.
dysphonia
nasopharynx
first division of the pharynx
oropharynx
second division of the pharynx
laryngopharynx
third division of the pharynx
larynx
voice box
trachea
windpipe
The exchange of gases within the cells of the body is known as ________.
internal
The term that describes the lung disease caused by cotton, flax, or hemp dust is __________.
byssinosis
The form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination is _________ pneumonia.
bacterial
The term commonly known as shortness of breath is _______.
dyspnea
The emergency procedure to gain access below a blocked airway is called a ___________.
tracheotomy
The thick mucus secreted by the tissues that line the respiratory passages is called ______.
phlegm
The medical term meaning an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is _______.
empyema
the medical name for the disease commonly known as the whooping cough is _________.
pertussis
The medical term for the condition commonly known as TB is ____________.
tuberculosis
One of the terms used to describe the common cold is _______________.
nasopharyngitis
upper respiratory infection
URI
sudden infant death syndrome
SIDS
smoker's respiratory syndrome
SRS
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD
acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARDS
The term meaning the act of drawing a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract is __________.
aspiration
The term meaning abnormally rapid deep breathing is ________________.
hyperventilation
The term meaning the surgical repair of the trachea is _____________.
tracheoplasty
The diaphragm is relaxed during __________.
exhalation
Durign a/an ______ attack, the muscles of the airways contract.
asthma
The term meaning an absence of spontaneous respiration is _____.
apnea
The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx is a/an ____________.
laryngospasm
The term meaning the escape of fluid into a body cavity is ________.
effusion
The term meaning pain in the pleura or side is _________.
pleuralgia
The term meaning bleeding from the lungs is ______________.
pneumorrhagia