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Social Psychology Chapter 12
Terms in this set (45)
The field of social psychology studies topics at the intrapersonal level. These topics include ________.
emotions and attitudes, the self, and social cognition
Behavior is a product of both the situation and the person. Which of the following is an example of a situation that might influence behavior?
being in a crowd of bystanders ehrn you witness someone fainting
Anna thinks that Bill is rude to her because she had to seat him in a noisy, crowded area of the restaurant. Anna takes a ________ view of Bill.
________ holds that our behavior is determined by internal factors.
Social psychology is a field that studies both interpersonal and intrapersonal behavior. Which of the following is an example of interpersonal behavior?
Following an outcome, ________ are those attributions that enable us to see ourselves in favorable light.
Which of the following best defines the Asch effect?
influence of the group majority on an individual's judgment
What is the just-world hypothesis?
an ideology common in the United States that people get the outcomes they deserve
When it comes to social psychology, a script is a ________.
person's knowledge about the sequence of events in a specific setting.
What is modification of the opinions of members of a group to align with what they believe is the group consensus?
Who conducted the Stanford prison experiment?
What is a social role?
socially defined pattern of behavior that is expected of a person in a given setting or group
A(n) ________ is the evaluation of or feelings toward a person, idea, or object that are typically positive or negative.
Which type of persuasion involves encouraging a person to agree to a small favor or to buy a small item, only to later request a larger favor or purchase of a larger item?
Which type of persuasion involves logic-driven arguments using data and facts to convince people of an argument's worthiness?
Who was Stanley Milgram?
social psychology professor at Yale who wanted to test the defense of " I was just following orders" typically used by accused Nazis
Which type of social influence involves conformity to a group norm prompted by the belief that the group is competent and has the correct information?
________ is the strengthening of an original group attitude after the discussion of views within a group.
Who was the social psychology professor at Yale who designed an obedience study in order to test the defense of "I was just following orders" typically used by accused Nazis?
Ashley and Mikhail share their intimate thoughts and emotions, are physically attracted to each other, and agree to support each other. Their love is called ________.
Diane and Bruce share their intimate thoughts and emotions and are physically attracted to each other, but their love does not contain any expectations beyond that. Their love is called ________.
Mark and Rosa commit to support each other, but they have no real physical passion and do not share their thoughts and feelings. Their love is called ________.
Rhona and Jerome share each other's thoughts and feelings and are prepared to support each other, but they do not feel physical attraction. Their love is called ________.
Travis is part of a group playing tug-of-war. He knows that his team is stronger, so he doesn't try as hard as he could. Travis is engaged in ________.
Suppose you are walking down a street. A woman has fallen down, but because there are so many people around it does not occur to you that you should help. You just assume someone else is about to help her and keep walking. This is an example of ________.
diffusion of responsibility
The ________ is demonstrated by the attack on Kitty Genovese.
Nicole wants a cookie. Heather has a cookie. Nicole pushes Heather and takes her cookie. Nicole doesn't intend to hurt Heather, Nicole just wants the cookie. This is an example of ________.
Fatima generalizes that all men are irresponsible players, cheaters, and liars. When it comes to men, Fatima may be applying ________: negative beliefs about individuals based solely on their membership in a group.
Dale thinks that women shouldn't work outside the home and vows never to hire a woman at his bank. Dale's attitudes and planned course of action are ________.
Mona works at a bank. When Luis, a Colombian man, arrives to drop off his paycheck she pretends to be busy and directs him to another teller. She does this whenever a non-White person wants assistance. This is an example of ________.
Billie is a(n) ________ because he believes people over age 65 should have their driver's license suspended, the elderly use up important social resources, and they occupy jobs that should belong to younger, more capable people.
________ refers to prejudice and discrimination against individuals based solely on their same-sex orientation.
In California, undocumented migrants are often blamed for high unemployment in the state, although statistics show that high unemployment is not related to the number of illegal migrants. In this example, illegal migrants are victims of ________: the act of blaming an out-group when the in-group experiences frustration or is blocked from obtaining a goal.
Which of the following is an example of the self-fulfilling prophecy?
telling someone whith dyslexia she cannot learn to read, leading her to become illerate even though she could learn to read with a bit of extra effort
Henry is juror number four in a murder trial. He believes the accused is guilty, but when the jurors vote it becomes clear he is the only one that thinks this way. Henry votes not guilty along with the other jurors despite what he sees as evidence clearly indicating guilt. This is an example of the ________ effect.
group majority influences an individual's judgment, even when that judgment is inaccurate
negative actions toward individuals as a result of their membership in a particular group
capacity to understand another person's perspective - to feel what he/she feels
ideology common in the United States that people get the outcomes they deserve
process of changing our attitude toward something based on some form of communication
negative attitudes and feelings toward individuals based solely on their membership in a particular group
act of blaming an out-group when the in-group experiences frustration or is blocked from obtaining a goal
describes a perspective that behavior and actions are determined by the immediate environment and surroundings; a view promoted by social psychologists
group's expectations regarding what is appropriate and acceptable for the thoughts and behavior of its members
negative beliefs about individuals based solely on their membership in a group, regardless of their individual characteristics