22 terms

Native Americans

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Reservations
Specific areas set aside by the government for the Indians' use
Sand Creek Massacre.
Surprise attack upon a surrendered, partially disarmed Cheyenne Indian Camp in Southeaster Colorado Territory by US troops under colonel John M. Chivington
Sitting Bull.
Holy man and chief of the Sioux who led resistance against land being taken away from the Sioux
Battle of Little Big Horn.
Battle in which Indians of the Northern Plains killed Colonel Custer and his men after they had come across the Indians before their main force arrived
Chief Joseph
Leader of the Nez Percés
Wounded Knee.
Sight of the end of the Ghost Dance War
Assimilation
The process by which a group adopts the culture and civilization of another
Dawes General Allotment Act
Act which encouraged Indians to become private property owners and farmers. Broke up tribal landholding system. Each Indian family allotted/assigned 160-acres of the tribe's reservation to own as farmland (often not enough)
The Plains Indians
Largest and most nomadic group of Indians
part, natural
The Indians saw themselves as a...of nature and respected the...world
nature/land
White Americans saw...as way of acquiring wealth
Indian Wars
As settlers moved West, they continually displaced Native Americans from their lands. Tensions rose, and Native Americans fought back. This series of battles between Native Americans and US forces between 1860 and 1890 is called the...
Long walk of the Navajo
The 1864 deportation of the Navajo people by the government of the United States of America. Navajos were forced to walk from their land in Arizona to eastern New Mexico by famous frontiersman "Kit" Carson
Red River War
A series of major and minor incidents that led to the final defeat of the powerful Southern Plains Indians, including the Kiowas and Comanches
Ghost Dance War
Native Americans revived the Ghost Dance, which was a religious practice aimed at bringing back the buffalo and banishing white settlers. Government officials became concerned about where it might lead, and so arrested Sitting Bull, in the process killing him and several others. In response, a group of Sioux left their reservation with the hope of making it to the badlands region. Troops caught up with them at Wounded Knee and massacred more than 100 partially disarmed men, women, and children.
The Americanization Movement
Attempt of the American Government to assimilate Native Americans into American culture through trying to get them to own and farm land with the Dawes Act, the banning of tribal traditions, the discouragement of Native American religion, and boarding schools where parents were pressured, and sometimes forced, to send their children
Failure
Reservation policy was a...Making Indians live in confined areas as wards of the government was costly in human and economic terms
Buffalo
Animal vital to the survival of many Native Americans that allowed them to be nomadic
Government claimed it was to reduce train accidents and to be better able to expand railroads. However, their ulterior motive was to destroy the nomadic Native American way of life
Why did the government offer incentives to people to kill buffalo during the late 1800s?
Helen Hunt Jackson
Native American rights activist who wrote "Century of Dishonor" to point out violations in Native American rights
Crazy Horse
Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota. He took up arms against the United States Federal government to fight against encroachments on the territories and way of life of the Lakota people
Sod Houses
Dirty, musty houses homesteaders were forced to live in because of the lack of wood on the Great Plains; made of sod, which was the strong matted grass surface of the plains
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