Postive Psych Power Point 4: Love, social support.
Terms in this set (20)
What did Julianne Holt Lunstad discover about the effects of social relationships on mortality?
How many f social relationships you have actually a 50%-91% INCREASED ODDS of SURVIVAL as compared to those who are socially isolated.
Biological basis for need for social relationships.
Evolutionary: Living in groups conferred survival
Harlows monkeys: comfort / over food
Hormonally, we are hard wired to feel LOVE and desire social contact
OXYTOCIN (OT) - the "cuddle hormone"
Types of Love
Affiliation: associated with another
Used for social comparison...how are we doing
We seek affiliation when stress occurs (biological drive...oxytocin)
Liking: have a positive attitude towards each other (like those who are similar, close by, attractive, those who like us, competent)
Friendship: when liking is coupled with similarity and expectation of RECIPROCITY and parity
Robust correlate of life satisfaction and well-being
Love: a relationship characterized by reciprocated exclusiveness, absorption & predisposition to help one another, and interdependence (Western culture defnt
Kinds of Love
Passionate Love: beginning of affair, extreme absorption, mood swings (high/low)
Companionate Love: unshakable affection shared by 2 whose lives are intertwined
What was discovered in 1950 by Bowlby about Attachment?
Normal development requires warm & continuous relationship with at least 1 adult caregiver (primarily work on children in orphanages)
What is social support? Name the five types.
Feeling that one is loved, esteemed and valued, and part of a network of communication and mutual obligation
What is Pennebaker expressive writing paradigm?
RECALL: write about trauma 20 minutes a day, disclosure of negative feelings
Helping someone else increases your own self-efficacy and esteem positive emotions (return to this in altruism lecture)
What is John Gottman ratio for avoiding divorce?
5 positive interractions for every 1 negative.
Describe the 4 types of Positive Reponses defined by GABLE.
Active-constructive: enthusiasm! That's great!
Active-Destructive: point out possible downside "do you have to do more now?"
Passive-constructive: muted- "that's nice dear"
Passive-destructive: disinterest "it rained"
How many AC reponses needed to maintain healthy marriage?
3 to 1
What is the major question regarding altruism?
Whether Altruism is driven by EGOTISM or driven by EMPATHY
The emotional response to the perceived plight of another
What are Mirror Neurons?
neurons that fire both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another
Outline the study conducted by Brown on older Detroit couples and what this confirmed about altruism.
Monitored older 1500 married couples in Detroit over 5 years for mortality data
-self-report of giving emotional support to spouse; instrumental support (transportation, errands, child care, housework etc)
Receiving support (emotional support: does your spouse make you feel loved, do they listen to you); if you need instrumental help from others (e.g., with house maintenance), do you have others to help you?
Higher levels of giving emotional / instrumental support predicted living longer.
Altruism is healthy for us.
What is Gratitude as defined by Bob Emmons?
Recognizing that one has obtained a positive outcome from another individual that has behaved in a way that was
-Costly to them
-Valuable to the recipient
Doesnt have to be gratitude for a person.
Active process of savoring and appreciating events.
Perception that major positive changes have occurred as a result of challenging
3 good things excerise by bob Emmons was an example of what active process?
What is the REACH method for cultivating Forgiveness by Worthington?
R.ecall the hurt;
promote E.mpathy in both individuals,
A.ltruistically give the gift of forgiveness,
C.ommit verbally to forgive,
H.old onto forgiveness
What is the "Innocent Bystander Effect" (Darley & Latane)?
when lots of people around we diffuse the feeling of social responsibility