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Health and Nutrition Chapter 7 Notes
Terms in this set (48)
Drugs and addiction
addictive and impairment drugs are psychoactive drugs. In the short term, psychoactive drugs can cause intoxication.
Any chemical other than food intended to affect the structure or function of the body
A drug that can alter a persons consciousness or experience
The state of being mentally affected by a chemical (literally, a state of being poisoned)
Compulsive behavior associated with craving and pursuit of physical or psychological reward that interferes with family, school, work, and recreational activities. Habits that have gotten out of control, with resulting negative effects on a persons health
A chronic disease that disrupts the brains system of motivation and reward, characterized by a compulsive desire and increasing need for a substance or behavior, and by harm to the individual and/or society
Lower sensitivity to a drug so that a given dose no longer exerts the usual effect and larger doses are needed
The APA defines addiction as...
compulsive, drug seeking behavior, which falls on one end of continuum of a substance use disorder
There are 11 DSM-5 criteria for a substance use disorder
including developing tolerance to the substance; experiencing withdrawal, taking the substance in larger than necessary amounts and longer amount, spending a great deal of time getting and using the substance and recovering from its effects; and giving up all forms of social and professional activities.
The development of addiction
Addiction often starts when a person does something to bring pleasure or avoid pain. The activity may be drinking beer, using the internet, playing the lottery, or shopping. If it works the person is likely to repeat it. Reinforcement leads to an increasing dependance on the behavior
compulsive gamblers cannot control the urge to gamble, even in the face of ruin
Substance misuse or abuse
The use of any substance despite adverse social, psychological, or medical consequences; the use may be intermittent and with or without tolerance and physical dependance.
Substance use disorder
Cluster of symptoms involving cognitive, bodily and social impairment related to the continued use of substance. A single disorder measured on a continuum from mild to severe
The result of physiological or psychological adoption that occurs in the response to frequent use of a substance (which includes behaviors such as gambling); typically associated with tolerance and withdrawal
A psychological or physical dependance on a substance or behavior
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Which steps are necessary in the calculation of the nutrient density of a food.
What are some food sources of trans fats?
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