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two approaches to judicial decision making in the American political system, an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
means "friend of the court"; an individual, not a party, that aid or influence the court in reaching its decision
a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shaped according to prevailing custom
Authority vested in two or more courts to hear cases involving the same subject matter
an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
(law) a judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity
power of hte courts to declare acts of the legislative and executive branches unconstitutional
a doctrine enunciated by the Supreme Court holding that certain constituional issues cannot be decided by the courts but are to be decided the executive or legislative branches
Writ of Certiorari
an order in writing issued by a court ordering the performance of an act or prohibiting some act, a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constitution to reflect what the framers intended and what its words literally say.
rule of four
Requirement that a case can only be heard by the Supreme Court if four justices vote to hear the case
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