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Politics of the United States
History- Test 2
Terms in this set (44)
all citizens have the right to a fair trial
division of power between national and state government
a nation in which voters elect representatives to govern themselves
the way the Constitution is changed
when the House of Representatives brings criminal charges against the president
called for a bicameral legislature based on population alone- favored by larger states
New Jersey Plan
called for a single-house legislature with equal representation- favored by smaller states
The Great Compromise
solved the debate between the New Jersey and Virginia plans. Created a bicameral legislature with a House of Representatives (based on population) and a Senate (equal representation)
Three- Fifths Compromise
counted three-fifths of the slaves in any state as part of its population
3 problems the US had under the Articles of Confederation?
1. settling disputes between states
2. gaining respect of foreign nations
3. organizing a strong military
Why was Shay's Rebellion important?
it showed Americans that the Articles of Confederation were not working
During the period of the Articles of Confederation, what body held the most political power in the US?
Why did the writers of the Articles of Confederation want a weak national government?
they were afraid of giving the national government too much power
What are 3 things accomplished by the Land Ordinance of 1795?
1. created a system for organizing and settling some western lands
2. provided for lands to be divided into townships
3. set aside land to be used to public schools
Main reason American's wanted a written constitution?
to limit power of government
During an economic depression, what happens to wages and unemployment?
1. wages fall
2. unemployment rises
Why did the Founding Fathers want to avoid having an Executive Branch at first?
they did not want one person to have most of the power (like a king)
Why did delegates to the Constitutional Convention want to keep their talks secret?
so they were able to openly discuss and explore each issue.
What are 3 accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance?
1. outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory
2. set up process for admitting new states to be part of the US
3. organized the territory into three to give states
Why did some members of the Constitutional Convention favor an end to the slave trade?
it could be used to increase representation in the South
Under the U.S Constitution, which has the power to make laws?
both the federal and state governments (concurrent power)
The federal government is the ONLY one to have power over what 3 items?
1. coin money
2. regulating trade (among states and with other countries)
3. declare war
How can the Legislative Branch (Congress) check the Executive Branch (president)?
override a presidential veto
How can the Executive Branch (president) check the Legislative Branch (Congress)?
veto a bill
How can the Legislative Branch check the Judicial Branch?
approve or deny the President's nominations of judges
True or False: The 3 branches of government are featured in both the Virginia and New Jersey?
Who does the Senate in the Great Compromise satisfy? The New Jersey Plan or the Virginia Plan, and why?
The New Jersey Plan- because the Senate has equal representation
Building road is an example of what kind of power?
"He (the President) shall have power, ... to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur (or agree)." This part of the Constitution is an example of ...
checks and balances
The final authority in a state and federal disagreement today would be
The framers of the Constitution feared that voters would not be able to make wise choices for the President, so what did they set up?
the Electoral college
Why did small states object the Virginia Plan?
feared large states would outvote them
In the debate over the Constitution, Federalist favored what?
a stronger national government that was used in the Articles of Confederation
Anti-Federalist opposed the Constitution because they believed it
gave the president too much power
Several state conventions refused to ratify the constitution unless
a bill of rights was added to the document
"Every man... ought to be protected in worshiping (God) according to the dictates of his conscience." These words by George Washington and other similar opinions led to the writing of what document?
the Bill of Rights
"We the people of the United States.. do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." According to this first sentences of the Constitution, the power of the government comes from who?
Match the individual with his accomplishment: Locke
Match the individual with his accomplishment: Montesquieu
separation of powers
Match the individual with his accomplishment: George Washington
President of the Constitutional Convention
Match the individual with his accomplishment: Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
What are 3 beliefs of John Locke?
1. all people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property
2. the governments duty is to protect the basic rights of its citizens
3. government is based on a contract between the ruler and the people
What are the 3 parts of the First Amendment?
1. freedom of speech
2. freedom of religion
3. freedom of the press
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
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