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Biology - Carbohydrates
Terms in this set (45)
What are the ELEMENTS present in a carbohydrate?
Hydrogen, Oxygen and Carbon
What are the 2 types of formulas?
Structural and molecular
what is a structural formula?
gives the number and the types of each atom and their BONDS
what is a chemical formula?
gives the number and the type of each atom in the MOLECULE
what is the structure of an organic molecule?
Are made from many smaller, simplier moelclues called monomers
What is a dimer?
2 monomers bonded together
what is a polymer?
3 or more monomers bonded together
what is the chemical reaction called when 2 monomers bond together ; what process builds larger carbohydrates from smaller ones
what molecule is GIVEN OFF in a condensation reation?
H2O is given off
How many H20 molecules are given off in the process used to join two monosaccharides together to make a disaccharide
What is the name of the reaction called when a large molecule (ploymer) is broken down into monomers?
What molecule is needed in a hydrolysis reaction
H2O is taken in
Write the molecular formula for glucose
What is the ratio of HYROGEN to OXYGEN atoms in a simple sugar
2 to 1
What is the scientific term for SIMPLE SUGARS
Sets with similar terms
2.3 IB Biology Vocab
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