Energy/force, space, time.
Energy/force: the quality of movement; how a movement is performed (e.g., smooth, sharp, free flow, strong, light, sustained, percussive)
Space: where bodies move in a dance (e.g., levels, directions, pathways, sizes, relationships)
Time: including tempo, rhythm, duration, speed
The identifying attributes creates by the release, follow through, and termination of energy, which are key to making movement become dance. Typical terms denoting qualities include sustained, swing, percussive, collapse, and vibratory; and effort combinations such as float, dab, punch, and glide (see also dynamics)