59 terms

Comp. Dance Glossary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

AB
A term-part compositional form with an A theme and a B theme; the binary form consists of two distinct, self-contained sections at share either a character or quality (such as the same tempo, movement quality, or style
ABA
the three-part compositional form in which the second section contrasts with the first section. The third section is a restatement of the first section in a condensed, abbreviated, or extended form
Abstract
To remove movement from a particular or representative context and by (by manipulating it with elements of space, time, and force) create a new sequence or dance that retains the essence of the original
Accent
A stress or emphasis on a specific beat or movement
Aesthetic Criteria
Standards upon which judgements are about the artistic merit of a work of art
Alignment
The body's organized response to gravity and the need to find balance (synonym: posture)
Anatomy
Structural make-up of an organism/individual (skeleton, muscles)
Audience Etiquette
Parameters of acceptable behavior for audience members at performances
Axial Movement
(see nonlocomotor movement)
Balance
The ability to maintain one's stability
Call and response
A structure that is most associated with African music and dance forms, although it is also used elsewhere. One soloist/group performs with the second soloist/group entering "in response" to the first
Canon
Choreographic form that reflects the musical form of the same name, in which individuals and groups perform the same movement/phrase beginning at different times
Chance
A choreographic process in which elements are specifically chosen and defined but randomly structured to create a dance or movement phrase. This process demands high levels of concentration in performance to deal effectively with free association and surprise structures that appear spontaneously
Choreographic Principles
Compositional elements in dance; factors to be considered to attain aesthetically satisfying dance composition (intent, form/design, theme, repetition)
Choreographic Structures
The specific compositional forms in which movement is structured to create a dance (AB, ABA, ABAB, canon, variation, call and response, chance)
Choreography
Describes a dance sequence that has been created with specific intent
Classical
Dance that has been developed into highly stylized structures within a culture. Generally developed within court or circle of power in a society
Contemporary
Dance as it is being explored by current choreographers
Core
Muscular and skeletal structures in the center of the body, including the abdomen, spine, and pelvis
Downstage
At or toward the front of the performance
Dynamics
The expressive content of human movement, sometimes called qualities or efforts. Dynamics manifest the interrelationships among the elements of space, time, and force/energy
Elements of Dance
Energy/force, space, time.
Energy/force: the quality of movement; how a movement is performed (e.g., smooth, sharp, free flow, strong, light, sustained, percussive)
Space: where bodies move in a dance (e.g., levels, directions, pathways, sizes, relationships)
Time: including tempo, rhythm, duration, speed
Elevation
The body's propulsion into the air away from the floor, such as in a leap, hop, or jump
Ethnic
Dances that have been created and used by a specific group within a culture, when they are performed outside the original culture
Folk
Dances that created and performed by a specific group within a specific culture. Generally these dances originated outside the courts or circle of power within a society
Form/Design
A principle of choreography/composition; organized and sequence of sections of dance into an overall whole
Genre
Type or category of dance (e.g., ballet, modern, jazz, tap, ballroom, hip hop)
Improvisation
Movement that is created spontaneously, ranging from free-from to highly structured environments, but always with an element of chance. Provides the dancer with the opportunity to bring together elements quickly, requires focus and concentration
Intent
The purpose of an artistic work
Initiation
Point at which a movement is said to originate. This particularly refers to specific body parts and is generally said to be either distal (from the limbs or head) or central (from the torso)
Kinesiology
The study of anatomy in relation to human movement
Kinesphere
The movement space, or the surrounding the body in stillness and in motion, which includes all directions and levels both close to the body and as far as the person can reach with limbs or torso (also known as personal space)
Kinesthetic
Refers to the ability of the body's sensory organs in the muscles, tendons, and joints to respond to stimuli while dancing or viewing a dance
Levels
The height of the dancer in relation to the floor. For example: sitting on the floor would be low level, kneeling could be middle level, and standing or jumping would be high level
Locomotor Movement
Movement that travels from place to place, usually identified by weight transference on the feet. Basic locomotor steps are walk, run, hop, jump, skip, leap, gallop, crawl, and roll
Movement Problem
A specific focus or task that serves as direction for exploration in composition
Movement Quality
The identifying attributes creates by the release, follow through, and termination of energy, which are key to making movement become dance. Typical terms denoting qualities include sustained, swing, percussive, collapse, and vibratory; and effort combinations such as float, dab, punch, and glide (see also dynamics)
Movement Study
A short piece of choreography based on a specific idea
Movement Theme
A complete idea in movement that is manipulated and developed within a dance
Musicality
The attention and sensitivity to the musical elements of dance while creating or performing
Narrative
Choreographic structure that follows a specific story line and intends to convey specific information through that story
Nonlocomotor Movement
Any movement that is anchored to one spot by a body part using only the available space in any direction without losing the initial body contact. Movement is organized around the axis of the body rather than designed for travel form one location to another (twist, bend, shake, vibrate, swing, push, pull, kick, rise, fall) also known as axial movement
Performance
Execution of dance movement in class or on stage
Personal Space
See Kinesphere
Phrase
A brief sequence of related movements that has a sense of rhythmic completion
Physiology
Physical and chemical processes that are required for life activities (cellular level)
Projection
A confident presentation of one's body and energy to vividly communicate movement and meaning to an audience; performance quality
Retrograde
A choreographic device in which dance movements or phrases are performed backwards
Rhythmic Acuity
The physical, auditory recognition of various complex time elements
Stage left
At or toward the performer's left when facing downstage
Stage Right
At or toward the performer's right when facing downstage
Style
A distinctive manner of moving; the characteristic way dance is done, created, or performed that identifies the dance of a particular performer, choreographer, or period
Technique
Proper execution of skills within a given dance form
Tempo
The pace at which a piece of music or dance is performed
Theatrical
Dance genres primarily developed for the stage (e.g., jazz and tap)
Theme
The content that informs a piece of choreography; may be taken from the movement itself, or from other sources (e.g., ideas, images, emotions); a phrase or sequence of movement around which a dance is constructed
Upstage
At or toward the back of the performance space
Variation
A choreographic process in which known and defined elements (e.g., specific movements, movement phrases) are separated from their original relationship and restructured in a different pattern; male or female solo in a classical ballet
Warmup
Movements and/or movement phrases designed to raise the core body temperature, practice technical skills, and bring the mind into focus for the dance activities to follow