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Terms in this set (17)
Productive investments embodied in hu- man persons, including skills, abilities, ideals, health, and locations, often resulting from expenditures on education, on-the-job training programs, and medical care.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Viral disease transmitted predominantly through sexual contact.
The attainment of literacy, arithmetic competence, and elementary vocational skills.
The emigration of highly educated and
skilled professionals and technicians from the developing countries to the developed world.
Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs
Welfare benefits provided condition- ally on family behavior such as children's regular school attendance and health clinic visitation.
Demand for a good that emerges indirectly from demand for another good.
In present- value calculations, the annual
rate at which future values are decreased to make them comparable to values in the present.
The phenomenon by which particular jobs require specified levels of education.
Educational gender gap
Male-female differences in school access and completion.
All the activities whose primary purpose
is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
The virus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Neglected tropical diseases
Thirteen treatable diseases, most of them parasitic, that are prevalent in developing countries but receive much less attention than tuberculosis, malaria, and AIDS.
Private benefits of education
The benefits that accrue directly
to an individual economic unit. For example, private benefits of education are those that directly accrue to a stu- dent and his or her family.
Private costs of education
The private costs of education (those borne by students themselves) increase more slowly or may even decline
Social benefits of education
Benefits of the schooling of individuals, including those that accrue to others or even to the entire society, such as the benefits of a more literate workforce and citizenry.
Social costs of education
Costs borne by both the individual and society from private education decisions, including government education subsidies.
World Health Organization (WHO)
The key United Nations agency concerned with global health matters.
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